Cold Process Soap Making Supplies
We at Natures Garden would like to share with you the supplies and materials needed when making cold process soap! We know that the majority of our customers are familiar with the soap and candle making industries. However, we think that it is important to provide educational blogs, videos, and recipes for beginners and anyone looking to learn or expand their knowledge. There are many different classes and recipes on our website that help guide our customers when making homemade projects. One of the main topics that these center around is cold process soap. We will dive into the process, some of our classes, and mention multiple recipes we have. Let’s get started!
Cold Process Soap
In general, soap crafters consider cold process soap to be one of the most common methods for soap making. This method has been termed “cold process” because there is no outside heating source applied to initiate the process of saponification. Hot process soap uses different types of heating sources, such as the stove or a crock pot. On the other hand, in cold process soap, the lye mixture creates heat and saponifies the oils by itself. The lack of a heat source unfortunately means that this type of soap will take a lot longer to cure. The typical curing time for cold process soap is between 4 and 6 weeks. Although lengthy, this curing time is necessary to allow the soap to harden. The longer cure time will also help your soap to be more tolerable on the skin.
After creating your soap, you can decide whether or not you want to insulate it. A lot of the research we read suggests insulating, but it is mostly up to your personal preference. We have written a blog in the past about how you can insulate soap to promote gel phase. After pouring the soap into your mold, surround it with layers of towels or blankets. The layers will absorb the heat while your soap undergoes saponification. This process is the gel phase, where the fats in your soap become hardened. The key to this process is evenly heating the soap in order to prevent a partial gel from occurring. If you insulate, it will accelerate saponification and the finished look will look slightly shiny. By deciding to put your soap in the fridge instead, saponification will slow down and the finish will look more matte.
Ingredients in Cold Process Soap: Lye
Now that we have discussed the process of insulation, we should mention ingredients that are important for cp soap. In order to get your bars of soap to turn out correctly, measuring the ingredients to a tee is very important. Starting with the main ingredient, sodium hydroxide, which is also known as lye. This is completely necessary to make cold process soap. Lye is an emulsifier, which allows oils and butters to mix with water and make soap. Without it, these ingredients would not mix which would prevent any soap being made. By adding too much lye, it can result in your soap having a higher PH level, which may end up causing burns and irritation to the skin. On the other hand, if the lye is not balanced properly with the oils, it can interfere with the reaction, which can lead to greasy and oily bars of soap.
Ingredients in Cold Process Soap: Oils
Palm oil, coconut oil, and olive oil pomace are all commonly used when making cold process soap. They contribute different qualities to your soap depending on their main properties. We have a chart on our website that breaks down the soaping oil properties for each type of oil. The properties we looked at are hardness, cleansing, conditioning level, bubbly lather, creamy lather, and sap value. Also included in the chart is some miscellaneous information to provide you with more knowledge about each of the oils. Palm oil is high in its hardness, conditioning, and creamy lathering elements. Coconut oil contributes to hardness, cleansing quality, and bubbly lather. Olive oil pomace is very high in conditioning, which is definitely an ideal quality for soap. The combination of these three oils would create a soap that cleanses thoroughly, lathers nicely, and is gentle on the skin all at the same time.
Ingredients in Cold Process Soap: Colorants
Some other ingredients that are commonly added to cold process soap are FUN soap colorants, soap dyes, and mica pigments. We have many different color options to choose from in colorants, dyes, and beautiful diamond dust and 24K gold micas. When it comes to adding colorants or pigments, some may cause color morphing, which could affect the appearance aspect of your soap. To save yourself the frustration of ruining a batch of soap that discolors to something you do not like, you can test this out before hand. This can be done by taking a small amount of soap dye or mica pigment and adding it to a little of the lye mixture. You will be able to see your results quickly.
Cold Process Soap Testing
We have taken the time to test each of our fragrance oils in cold process soap. This way, our customers are able to see the results before they decide to use them. When we tested them, we were specifically looking for acceleration, discoloration, ricing, separation, and scent retention. We have the results for each of them on the website in video form as well as a chart. These videos can be found when you search by the individual fragrance oils. Over 300 of them did not cause any discoloration. A few included in these are the Aromatherapy Energizing, Blueberry, Egyptian Musk, and Magnolia. Some of the ones that caused discoloration include Absinthe, Blue Cotton Candy, Cream Soda, and Pomegranate Cider. If you would like to see the rest of the criteria we tested like ricing and separation for each fragrance, use our soap testing results chart to find out!
Cold Process Soap Class 101
We have a couple of classes on the website that are good for beginner soap makers. The first one is our Cold Process Soap Class 101. It is easy to follow along with this class, but you will need to get your ingredients ahead of time. As we mentioned before, the most important one you need to create cold process soap is lye. You will also need distilled water, vinegar, some soaping oils, a fragrance oil that is body safe, and colorant(s) that are body safe. There is plenty of equipment you will need to safely make cold process soap, a list of which can be found in our Soaping 101 Class.
Doing your research before making cold process soap for the first time is extremely important. For example, if you have never worked with lye before, you will need to learn about it before hand. Your top priority when making soap should be practicing proper safety because accidents may happen if precautions are not taken. Another thing when it comes to lye is that it cannot be stored in or combined with any containers or other products that are made out of aluminum or tin. The reason for this is that the combination will cause a violent reaction. For these reasons, we implore you to use the safety gear that is provided by Natures Garden including safety goggles, a safety mask, and gloves. One last thing to remember is that the materials and equipment used when making soap should never be used for food again. By keeping these steps in mind and being cautious, making soap can be both easy and fun!
Beginners Cold Process Soap Recipe
Another one of our cold process classes for beginners makes an easy to follow cold process soap recipe. This is the perfect recipe to start with if you have no experience making this type of soap. Natures Garden sells each of the items featured in this recipe. This makes it possible and convenient to get your products from a single source. This soap uses Rain Barrel Fragrance Oil which is a fragrance oil that is original to this company! It has notes of leafy greens balanced with lavender, cedar, musk, highlights of lemon, and fresh water. You will also need some pieces of equipment including a thermometer, a stainless steel mitre box with a cutter, and disposable pipettes. Also remember to always use your safety glasses, gloves, and a mask when preparing your recipes.
Thirty Free Cold Process Soap Recipes
For a blog that we wrote in the past, we created a list of thirty cold process soap recipes. Many of the homemade recipes on our website are for melt and pour soap and cold process soap. We want to share with you some of our favorites for you to try out for yourself! In this list of thirty, we have our Hot Fudge Brownies CP Soap, Caramel Custard Soap, Energized CP Soap, and Peppered Poppy Seed CP Soap. The ones in this compiled list are fun and easy recipes to create, are homemade and original to us. The two classes that we mentioned above are sure to help you get started on making your cold process soap.
Bastille Cold Process Soap Recipe
One specific type of soap that you can make is called bastille. The term “bastille” commonly refers to a type of cold process soap but it can also be made as a hot process soap. There is a very high percentage of olive oil in this soap, 70% or more. We like and prefer to use olive oil pomace in many of our recipes, in addition to other types of oils. Olive oil will increase the lathering quality of your soap and helps it to cure faster. We want to share this recipe for Bastille Soap from Natures Garden, which will make about three pounds of soap. It is an easy to follow recipe and can be made into your own by adding in a soap colorant or mica pigment!
More with Cold Process Soap
If you would like a more in depth description of making this type of soap, check out this blog page about The Cold Process Method to Make Soap. This recipe comes from a business called The Spruce Crafts and was written by David Fisher. This page walks you through a step by step tutorial on how to make your own cold process soap. He explains the ingredients and equipment you will need, how to create your soap mixture, and allowing it to set up and complete saponification. This is another great source you can use in order to learn more about cold process soap!
Natures Garden is not responsible for the performance of any of the recipes provided on our website. Testing is always the responsibility of our customers. If you plan to resell any of the recipes that we provide, it is also your responsibility to follow all FDA regulations. For any products and ingredients listed in recipes that are not sold by Natures Garden, we can not offer advice on where they can be purchased. When you use Natures Garden recipes and/or raw ingredients, you are agreeing to indemnify Natures Garden against any liability of performance, any lack of performance, or any problems that you encounter with the finished products..