Tag Archives: how do i make cold process soap

Feb
28

Cold Process Soap Making Supplies


This entry was posted in cold process soap, Natures Garden, Soap Making, soap making supplies and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

Cold Process Soap Making SuppliesCold Process Soap Making Supplies

We at Natures Garden would like to share with you the supplies and materials needed when making cold process soap! We know that the majority of our customers are familiar with the soap and candle making industries. However, we think that it is important to provide educational blogs, videos, and recipes for beginners and anyone looking to learn or expand their knowledge. There are many different classes and recipes on our website that help guide our customers when making homemade projects. One of the main topics that these center around is cold process soap. We will dive into the process, some of our classes, and mention multiple recipes we have. Let’s get started!

Cold Process SoapCold Process Soap

In general, soap crafters consider cold process soap to be one of the most common methods for soap making. This method has been termed “cold process” because there is no outside heating source applied to initiate the process of saponification. Hot process soap uses different types of heating sources, such as the stove or a crock pot. On the other hand, in cold process soap, the lye mixture creates heat and saponifies the oils by itself. The lack of a heat source unfortunately means that this type of soap will take a lot longer to cure. The typical curing time for cold process soap is between 4 and 6 weeks. Although lengthy, this curing time is necessary to allow the soap to harden. The longer cure time will also help your soap to be more tolerable on the skin.

After creating your soap, you can decide whether or not you want to insulate it. A lot of the research we read suggests insulating, but it is mostly up to your personal preference. We have written a blog in the past about how you can insulate soap to promote gel phase. After pouring the soap into your mold, surround it with layers of towels or blankets. The layers will absorb the heat while your soap undergoes saponification. This process is the gel phase, where the fats in your soap become hardened. The key to this process is evenly heating the soap in order to prevent a partial gel from occurring. If you insulate, it will accelerate saponification and the finished look will look slightly shiny. By deciding to put your soap in the fridge instead, saponification will slow down and the finish will look more matte.

Ingredients in Cold Process Soap: LYEIngredients in Cold Process Soap: Lye

Now that we have discussed the process of insulation, we should mention ingredients that are important for cp soap. In order to get your bars of soap to turn out correctly, measuring the ingredients to a tee is very important. Starting with the main ingredient, sodium hydroxide, which is also known as lye. This is completely necessary to make cold process soap. Lye is an emulsifier, which allows oils and butters to mix with water and make soap. Without it, these ingredients would not mix which would prevent any soap being made. By adding too much lye, it can result in your soap having a higher PH level, which may end up causing burns and irritation to the skin. On the other hand, if the lye is not balanced properly with the oils, it can interfere with the reaction, which can lead to greasy and oily bars of soap.

Ingredients in Cold Process Soap: OILSIngredients in Cold Process Soap: Oils

Palm oil, coconut oil, and olive oil pomace are all commonly used when making cold process soap. They contribute different qualities to your soap depending on their main properties. We have a chart on our website that breaks down the soaping oil properties for each type of oil. The properties we looked at are hardness, cleansing, conditioning level, bubbly lather, creamy lather, and sap value. Also included in the chart is some miscellaneous information to provide you with more knowledge about each of the oils. Palm oil is high in its hardness, conditioning, and creamy lathering elements. Coconut oil contributes to hardness, cleansing quality, and bubbly lather. Olive oil pomace is very high in conditioning, which is definitely an ideal quality for soap. The combination of these three oils would create a soap that cleanses thoroughly, lathers nicely, and is gentle on the skin all at the same time.

Ingredients in Cold Process Soap: COLORANTSIngredients in Cold Process Soap: Colorants

Some other ingredients that are commonly added to cold process soap are FUN soap colorants, soap dyes, and mica pigments. We have many different color options to choose from in colorants, dyes, and beautiful diamond dust and 24K gold micas. When it comes to adding colorants or pigments, some may cause color morphing, which could affect the appearance aspect of your soap. To save yourself the frustration of ruining a batch of soap that discolors to something you do not like, you can test this out before hand. This can be done by taking a small amount of soap dye or mica pigment and adding it to a little of the lye mixture. You will be able to see your results quickly.

Cold Process Soap TestingCold Process Soap Testing

We have taken the time to test each of our fragrance oils in cold process soap. This way, our customers are able to see the results before they decide to use them. When we tested them, we were specifically looking for acceleration, discoloration, ricing, separation, and scent retention. We have the results for each of them on the website in video form as well as a chart. These videos can be found when you search by the individual fragrance oils. Over 300 of them did not cause any discoloration. A few included in these are the Aromatherapy Energizing, Blueberry, Egyptian Musk, and Magnolia. Some of the ones that caused discoloration include Absinthe, Blue Cotton Candy, Cream Soda, and Pomegranate Cider. If you would like to see the rest of the criteria we tested like ricing and separation for each fragrance, use our soap testing results chart to find out!

Cold Process Soap Class 101Cold Process Soap Class 101

We have a couple of classes on the website that are good for beginner soap makers. The first one is our Cold Process Soap Class 101. It is easy to follow along with this class, but you will need to get your ingredients ahead of time. As we mentioned before, the most important one you need to create cold process soap is lye. You will also need distilled water, vinegar, some soaping oils, a fragrance oil that is body safe, and colorant(s) that are body safe. There is plenty of equipment you will need to safely make cold process soap, a list of which can be found in our Soaping 101 Class.

Doing your research before making cold process soap for the first time is extremely important. For example, if you have never worked with lye before, you will need to learn about it before hand. Your top priority when making soap should be practicing proper safety because accidents may happen if precautions are not taken. Another thing when it comes to lye is that it cannot be stored in or combined with any containers or other products that are made out of aluminum or tin. The reason for this is that the combination will cause a violent reaction. For these reasons, we implore you to use the safety gear that is provided by Natures Garden including safety goggles, a safety mask, and gloves. One last thing to remember is that the materials and equipment used when making soap should never be used for food again. By keeping these steps in mind and being cautious, making soap can be both easy and fun!

Beginners Cold Process Soap RecipeBeginners Cold Process Soap Recipe

Another one of our cold process classes for beginners makes an easy to follow cold process soap recipe. This is the perfect recipe to start with if you have no experience making this type of soap. Natures Garden sells each of the items featured in this recipe. This makes it possible and convenient to get your products from a single source. This soap uses Rain Barrel Fragrance Oil which is a fragrance oil that is original to this company! It has notes of leafy greens balanced with lavender, cedar, musk, highlights of lemon, and fresh water. You will also need some pieces of equipment including a thermometer, a stainless steel mitre box with a cutter, and disposable pipettes. Also remember to always use your safety glasses, gloves, and a mask when preparing your recipes.

Thirty Free Cold Process Soap RecipesThirty Free Cold Process Soap Recipes

For a blog that we wrote in the past, we created a list of thirty cold process soap recipes. Many of the homemade recipes on our website are for melt and pour soap and cold process soap. We want to share with you some of our favorites for you to try out for yourself! In this list of thirty, we have our Hot Fudge Brownies CP Soap, Caramel Custard Soap, Energized CP Soap, and Peppered Poppy Seed CP Soap. The ones in this compiled list are fun and easy recipes to create, are homemade and original to us. The two classes that we mentioned above are sure to help you get started on making your cold process soap.

Bastille Cold Process Soap RecipeBastille Cold Process Soap Recipe

One specific type of soap that you can make is called bastille. The term “bastille” commonly refers to a type of cold process soap but it can also be made as a hot process soap. There is a very high percentage of olive oil in this soap, 70% or more. We like and prefer to use olive oil pomace in many of our recipes, in addition to other types of oils. Olive oil will increase the lathering quality of your soap and helps it to cure faster. We want to share this recipe for Bastille Soap from Natures Garden, which will make about three pounds of soap. It is an easy to follow recipe and can be made into your own by adding in a soap colorant or mica pigment!

More with Cold Process Soap

If you would like a more in depth description of making this type of soap, check out this blog page about The Cold Process Method to Make Soap. This recipe comes from a business called The Spruce Crafts and was written by David Fisher. This page walks you through a step by step tutorial on how to make your own cold process soap. He explains the ingredients and equipment you will need, how to create your soap mixture, and allowing it to set up and complete saponification. This is another great source you can use in order to learn more about cold process soap!

 

Natures Garden is not responsible for the performance of any of the recipes provided on our website. Testing is always the responsibility of our customers. If you plan to resell any of the recipes that we provide, it is also your responsibility to follow all FDA regulations. For any products and ingredients listed in recipes that are not sold by Natures Garden, we can not offer advice on where they can be purchased. When you use Natures Garden recipes and/or raw ingredients, you are agreeing to indemnify Natures Garden against any liability of performance, any lack of performance, or any problems that you encounter with the finished products..

Nov
21

Reindeer Poo Cold Process Soap Recipe


This entry was posted in cold process soap, free soap recipes, Natures Garden, soap recipes, soap safety and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

Reindeer Poo Cold Process Soap RecipeReindeer Poo Cold Process Soap Recipe

Today we are going to be talking about cold process soap making. This is a popular method of making  various creations of soap, so it is good to know all about it! If you have never experimented with cold process soap before, there is a lot to learn about. This particular CP soap recipe uses the very popular Natures Garden scent Reindeer Poo fragrance oil, which gives a fun Christmas scent to your soap. This is a great fragrance to use around Christmas because it a blend of eucalyptus and pine. Let’s get started on making our Reindeer Poo Cold Process Soap Recipe!

Ingredients Found at Natures Garden

Other Supplies That You Will Need:

Distilled Water
Mixing Bowls
Mixing Spoons
Rubber Spatula
Scale
Stick Blender
Vinegar
Piping Bag
Decorating Tip for Piping Bag
Saran Wrap

Total Recipe Weights for Cold Process Soap:

344 grams Distilled Water
126 grams Lye
18 grams Sodium Lactate
(added to cooled lye solution)

136 grams Palm Oil
181 grams Mango Butter
226 grams Coconut Oil 76
181 grams Sunflower Oil
90 grams Castor Oil
90 grams Grapeseed Oil
45 grams Reindeer Poo Fragrance Oil
45 grams Vanilla White Color Stabilizer

Colorants for Green Soap:
4 grams FUN Soap Colorant Neon Green
2 grams FUN Soap Colorant Kelly Green

Colorant For White Soap:
7 grams Titanium Dioxide
Mixed with a small amount of soaping oils

Colorant For Red Soap:
4 grams FUN Soap Colorant Tomato Red

Before we get started, it is important that you always clean and sanitize your work area and all of the packaging materials you will be using. You do not want soap making supplies to mix together from past creations, and you want to be extra careful with everything when using lye. We would also suggest that you wear safety glasses, gloves, a face mask, and protective clothing.

You can check out our Basic CP Soap Making Class to become familiar with this process before hand. We would also advise that you read about our Soap Making Safety Class before attempting to make any cold process soap if you have not made it before. Taking the proper precautions when making soap is a must.

Cold Process Soap

Cold process soap is made from the chemical reaction that happens when you mix together water, oils, and lye. As you may have heard before, this type of soap has no element of heat added to it when forming all of your soap creations. This is the main difference between cold process soap and hot process soap. Since there is no heat added, the curing time is much longer than it would take for hot process soap to cure. One benefit of cold process soap recipes is that your overall finished product will look nicer and more pristine. It may take longer to have the soap completed and ready to use, but it is worth the wait for an awesome end result! This recipe will provide you with three pounds of soap. Before we move on to making the cold process soap, it is important that we understand what goes into it.

Soap Making SuppliesSoap Making Supplies: Some of the Ingredients We Will Be Using

Before we begin creating the reindeer poo cold process soap recipe, let’s take a closer look at some of the ingredients that we will be working with.

Reindeer Poo Fragrance OilReindeer Poo Fragrance Oil

This Christmas season, laugh, have fun, and embrace a good sense of humor.  When creating Reindeer Poo Fragrance Oil, Natures Garden did just that!  This holiday fragrance will lift your spirits, and add a little magic to your life!  This scent starts with top notes of apples and pears. Then, those top notes are followed by middle notes of eucalyptus, pine, and geranium. Finally, it is balanced with bottom notes of patchouli, vanilla, and cedarwood. Reindeer Poo Fragrance Oil is both a Natures Garden original and a best selling fragrance oil!

FUN Soap ColroantsFUN Soap Colorants

The FUN Soap Colorants from Natures Garden are perfect for soap making. These colorants are pigments dispersed in vegetable glycerin. They don’t morph in cp soap. They are great for soap making because they allow you to create beautiful vibrant colors that will hold up to the saponification process.

Sodium Hydroxide LyeSodium Hydroxide Lye
The first step in our recipe is to prepare the lye solution. Before doing so, I would like to get the chance to educate you about lye. Lye is used in all kinds of soap, and you can not make soap without it! Sodium Hydroxide is the chemical name for lye. Lye is a necessity for making soap because it is an emulsifier, while soap is an emulsion. Soap is made up of different butters, oils, and water. Using basic chemistry, we know that water and oil do not mix with each other. In order to get them to mix, we need to add an emulsifier to it. Lye allows the butters, oils, and water that are needed to create soap to combine together, which otherwise would not be possible without this chemical reaction. Another type of soap to make is melt and pour. This is made differently than cold process soap, and the main difference between them is that melt and pour soap has already previously undergone the chemical reaction with lye. Therefore, even though you are not working directly with lye, your soap base was still created using it. 

Preparing the Lye SolutionPreparing the Lye Solution

To prepare the lye solution, measure out 126 grams of Lye and 344 grams of distilled water. Slowly and in intervals, add the water to the lye solution. Never add water to Lye, as it can create a volcanic effect. With each interval, add a small amount of lye and stir slowly until it dissolves. Allow the Lye to completely dissolve and to cool to room temperature before moving on. At this point,
 add 18 grams of sodium lactate to your cooled lye solution. 

Preparing the Soaping OilsPreparing the Soaping Oils

Now, we can take the time to prepare the soaping oils that we will use in this recipe. Begin by weighing out 136 grams of Palm Oil, 226 grams of Coconut Oil 76, 181 grams of Sunflower Oil, 90 grams of Castor Oil, 90 grams of Grapeseed Oil, and 181 grams of Mango Butter. Melt all of these ingredients together in a bowl. After combining and melting all of these oils together, allow them to cool to room temperature just like with the lye solution. Once they are cooled down, we can move onto the next step.

Combining the Oils and LyeCombining the Soaping Oils and the Lye Solution

After both the lye solution and the soaping oils have completely cooled down to around 110 degrees Fahrenheit, combine them together into one bowl. Add the lye solution to the soaping oils. Using a stick blender, stir the two together and to create an emulsification. Next, incorporate the Natures Garden Reindeer Poo Fragrance Oil along with the vanilla white color stabilizer. Use the stick blender once again to blend all ingredients together.

Blending the Colorant into the Soap BatterAdding the FUN Soap Colorants

For the next step, we are going to divide the soap batter we have just mixed into three bowls with portions that are all of equal size. We will be making a white soap, a green soap, and a red soap to mix for this recipe. To the first bowl, which will be our white soap, add 7 grams of titanium dioxide mixed with a small amount of your soaping oils. Use the stick blender again to mix together and leave that bowl alone for now. To the second bowl, just add 4 grams of the neon green colorant and 2 grams of the Kelly green FUN Soap Colorant, then stick blend. To the third and final bowl, add the tomato red FUN Soap Colorant colorant and stick blend as well so that the color is fully incorporated.

Incorporating the Batters TogetherIncorporating the Batters Together

Now, we are going to pull an empty bowl for the next part. Beginning with the red soap batter you have created, drop several “plops” into it in a clockwise motion. Keep dropping these in different sections around the bowl until all of the red soap batter has been used. You are going to repeat this same process with the green batter, by placing it in different areas around the bowl than you did for the red batter. Lastly, repeat this step for the white soap batter. Place a spatula into the bowl and move it around in a circular motion throughout the bowl to create swirls. Once you are happy with your swirls, allow the soap batter to thicken.

Putting Your Soap Batter Into a Piping BagPutting Your Soap Batter Into a Piping Bag

Once your soap batter has reached a thick consistency that is similar to frosting, put it into a piping bag that has a rounded tip. These are just like the bags and tips you would use when applying frosting or icing onto cupcakes and other baked goods. This method is necessary to create the “poo” shape we want and to form your final product. If you do not have a decorating bag, you can use a gallon sized Ziploc bag.  You will just need to cut the corner and place the decorating in that corner.

The Finished Product!Your Finished Product!

Using the piping bag filled with the swirled and colorful soap batter, pipe it out onto a silicone mat as if you were frosting cupcakes. This motion will create the poop shape that you want for this creation! Piping this out will bring together the scent of the Reindeer Poo Fragrance Oil with a life like form of colorful reindeer poo!

Cleaning Up the Work Station

After you have finished with this Reindeer Poo Cold Process Soap recipe, it is time to clean the work station. We wanted to give you some tips here because you were working with lye and it is important to be safe with the clean up process, just as it was for every step before hand. When your project is all said and done, you will need to wash all of the materials you used like you normally would. However, there may be residue left over from un-reacted lye. Since vinegar is acidic, it will take care of and neutralize the un-reacted lye on these surfaces so that the next time your materials will be ready to go! Once you have wiped everything down well with the vinegar, it will be safe to wash the materials with soap and water.

We hope that you have learned a lot about this method of soap making and all of the proper precautions to take. We hope it was a lot of fun creating this Reindeer Poo Cold Process Soap recipe! If you would like to reach out to Natures Garden and show us this and other creations that you make, follow and share with us!

Twitter: ngscents
Facebook: Natures Garden
Instagram: ngscents