Tag Archives: container and packaging

Jun
29

Common Candle Making Questions


This entry was posted in candle additives, candle colorants, candle company advice, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making questions, candle making supplies, candle scents, candle wicks, candles and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

Common Candle Making QuestionsCommon Candle Making Questions

All of us at Natures Garden understand that it can be difficult to create perfect candles. Especially if you have serious scent throw issues popping up, it can be frustrating to put time and money into candles that don’t work that way you want. So, we want to answer some common candle making questions to prevent confusion and save you from all that extra troubleshooting. So, let’s talk about common problems so we can get back to creating gorgeous homemade candles!

Common Candle Making Questions About Candle Wax

First, we are going to talk about questions that often come up in relation to candle wax.

Common Candle Making Questions: How Do You Melt Candle Wax at Home?Common Candle Making Questions: How Do You Melt Candle Wax at Home?

You can use a pouring pot and a stove top to melt your wax at home. Also, we recommend using a double boiler method where you have a larger pot with water in it and set your pouring pot full of wax inside. Turn the stove on to medium and allow the water in your pot to boil. This will safely heat your wax without letting it get too hot.

Common Candle Making Questions: Which is the Best Wax for Candle Making?

Choosing the best wax all depends on preference of what you prefer in a finished candle. First, we have soy waxes that are vegan, gluten free, and natural candle waxes. This is the least expensive wax, has a fantastic cold throw, and has a cleaner burn, but it is tricky to get a great hot throw with some fragrances. Also, Soy Wax often has frosting and a rougher finish.

Next, we have paraffin wax, which has the best scent throw, and is in both the Wow Wax and Joy Wax. The Joy wax uses a mixture of paraffin and soy, so it has a cleaner burn due to the soy wax and a really good hot scent throw due to the paraffin wax. Also, it clings to the candle containers better and has less frosting. An option for creating a translucent candle is gel wax, but it isn’t compatible with all fragrances.

Additionally, you can use palm wax, which comes from sustainable sources, has a beautiful crystal finish, and has a great scent throw. Natures Garden carries sustainable palm container and pillar wax. Lastly, Pillar of Bliss Wax and Palm Pillar wax are great options for creating pillars or wax tarts.

Common Candle Making Questions For Making Soy Candles

Since soy wax is so popular among our customers, we wanted to answer some of the most common questions asked about making soy candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: What is the Best Temperature to Pour Soy Wax?Common Candle Making Questions: What is the Best Temperature to Pour Soy Wax?

This temperature depends on the type of soy wax being used. We recommend pouring our 100% soy wax at 110 degrees Fahrenheit. For the Golden Brands 444 or Golden Brands 464, we suggest pouring at 135 degrees Fahrenheit

Common Candle Making Questions: What is the Best Temperature to Add Fragrance to Soy Wax?

For heavier fragrance oils with high flash points, we recommend adding the scented oil at 185 degrees Fahrenheit. However, lighter fragrances with lower flash points, Ike citrus scents, would be added around 160 degrees Fahrenheit

Common Candle Making Questions: Which Wick is Best for Soy Candles?

Many customers perfer to use a cotton wick for their soy candles. We have two types of cotton wicks available, which are HTP and CD candle wicks.

Common Candle Making Questions: How Do You Make Soy Wax Melts?

Although we don’t carry soy wax in a pillar form for melts, you can still create soy wax melts with container wax. Often, customers will use individual portion cups to package wax melts like these, which can be used to squeeze the wax into the wax burner. This is because it is softer than pillar wax and is difficult to get out of clamshells. However, this wax will not hold the shape from a mold. In fact, it will get stuck in your mold and be difficult to clean.  Another option when making wax melts with a container wax is to add stearic acid to the wax to harden it.

Common Candle Making Questions About Candle Fragrance

Fragrance is important for creating great scented candles, so its important to know how to get your scented candle oil to work for you!

Common Candle Making Questions: Why Don’t My Candles Have a Good Scent Throw?

This issue could have a few different possible causes. First, you may not have added enough fragrance, which should be 1 oz. per pound on average. However, Natures Garden waxes will allow you to add up to 10% in most cases.  Also, your candle may have a clogged wick. This could be due to adding too much fragrance, vybar, or another additive. Also, additives like mica and crayons will clog your wick.

Another possibility is the type of wax you are using. A wax like paraffin will have a better scent throw than soy waxes. Finally, it is possible that you have the wrong size wick. If you wick is too small, then the flame will not be hot enough to get the aroma into the air. On the other hand, a wick that is too large will burn the scent oil before it can be released into the air.

Common Candle Making Questions: What is Vybar Used for in Candle Making?Common Candle Making Questions: What is Vybar Used for in Candle Making?

If you have a poor scent throw and you have tried trouble shooting, then you may want to use vybar. The vybar can be used to increase scent throw by adding some amount between a fourth and a half teaspoon per pound of wax. Just be cautious not to add too much or it can clog your wick and reduce your scent throw. We suggest using Vybar 103 for pillar candles and Vybar 206 for container candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why Is Fragrance Oil Settling to the Bottom of the Candle?

If you notice that fragrance is settling at either the top or bottom of your candle, then there could be a few reasons to explain it. First, you’ve added too much fragrance oil. Another option is that the wax you are using isn’t porous enough and you may need a more porous wax. Along with this idea, waxes that have been burned or heated too much may reduce in their ability to hold fragrance.  Finally, you may have not stirred enough to fully incorporate the fragrance oil.

Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Use Essential Oils in a Wax Warmer?Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Use Essential Oils in a Wax Warmer?

While some essential oils can be used in wax warmers, it can be a bit tricky. You need to make sure that they are diluted with either a carrier oil or DPG. Additionally, some essential oils have flashpoints that are too low for a wax warmer. So, you will want to do some testing with the essential oils that you choose.

Common Candle Making Questions About Candle Wicks

Choosing the right wick is another important part of candle making. Otherwise, your candle might not be as effective as it could be.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why is My Candle Wick Drowning Out?Common Candle Making Questions: Why is My Candle Wick Drowning Out?

This could be due to either a small wick or a high candle. First, the wick you used may be too small for a candle of this diameter, which you can use our Candle Wick Chart for reference. Also, your wick could be drowning if you poured your candle wax up too high. You should stop pouring before the wax passes the part of the candle jar that changes shape and begins to curve for the lip.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why Isn’t My Candle Wax Not Burning Evenly All of the Way Down?

Uneven burning could be due to either the wax or the wick. First, the wick may be too small for your candle’s size. Also, the wax that you chose could be too hard. While you could use a softer wax instead, you could also switch to a hotter wick.

Common Candle Making Questions About General Candle Making

Lastly, we have some general questions about making candles that could be useful for crafting perfect candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: Sometimes I Follow All Recommendations and I Still Can’t Seem to Get it Right. Why is That?

There are many factors that can influence the outcome of your homemade candles. First, fragrance oils can impact a candle, as thicker scented oils require you to wick up to get a hotter burn. Also, the room temperature can effect your candles. If the room is too cold, then you can have more issues with glass adhesion and frosting because your candle will setup very quickly.

Additionally, you could have an issue where the scent doesn’t smell as strong because you are used to it. When you are around a scent for too long, your nose will adjust and you won’t notice it as much. If this happens to you, then don’t worry too much just take a break from the scent for awhile and your nose will recognize it again after a long enough break.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why are My Layers Bleeding in my Candle?

This color issue could have one of a few different causes. First, the layers were too hot. If you don’t wait long enough or pour your wax too soon, then the layers can melt one another and start to run into one another. Also, it could be due to over saturating your candle with fragrance, as the extra scented oil will blend with colorant and bring the color with it as it seeps out of the candle.

Common Candle Making Questions: Can I Use Mica in Candles?Common Candle Making Questions: Can I Use Mica in Candles?

We recommend that you don’t mix mica into the candle itself, because it will clog the wick. But, you can use mica to decorate the outside of pillar candles! After your pillar is created you can then, use the mica on the outer portion of your candle. This shimmery mixture can be used to provide a beautiful sparkle on the outside of your candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: Can Mica be used in Wax Melts?

Sure! Since we don’t have to worry about clogging the wick, you can mix it straight into the candle wax.

 

Common Candle Making Questions: How Do I Get Rid of the Air Bubbles in My Candles?

There are a few reasons why air bubbles could get trapped in your candles, which include water exposure and pouring at a cooler temperature. So, how do you prevent air bubble in a homemade candle? First, keep water away from your work station. Also, you can try pouring your wax at a hotter temperature. Further, pour your candle wax slowly and make sure to stop before you hit pour point where your jar begins to change shape. 

Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Melt Old Candles to Make New Ones?Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Melt Old Candles to Make New Ones?

We don’t recommend re-purposing old candles to make new ones. While this may seem like a create idea to take all you half used candles and make a new one, the scent is a big concern in this case. If these candles are scented, then they will already contain fragrance oil. Once you melt your old candles, the scent may fade, but many of the wax particles are still holding on to some of the scent oil. This means that you won’t be able to add enough fragrance oil without over saturating your candle. Since the candle already is holding scent, this extra fragrance will seep out and sit on the top of your candle, which is dangerous and can result in a flame that is too large.

Common Candle Making Questions: Reach Out to UsCommon Candle Making Questions: Reach Out to Us

Hopefully, we were able to get some of your more pressing questions answered. If you have any more questions or concerns about making your own candles, then please reach out to us. We are always happy to help! You can stop by the store, give us a call, or talk to us on social media. If you want to find us online, we have a Natures Garden Facebook page, Twitter (@ngscents), and Instagram (@ngscents). Good luck and have fun with candle making!

Jun
28

Common Hot Process Soap Questions


This entry was posted in cosmetic supplies, craft recipes, fragrance oil, hot process soap, hot vs cold process soap, soap, soap making problems, soap making recipes, Soap making supplies, soap supplies and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

Common Hot Process Soap QuestionsCommon Hot Process Soap Questions

Although hot process soap recipes have some things in common with the cold process soap recipes, there are a few new steps that can be confusing. So, we at Natures Garden felt it would be useful to answer some common hot process soap questions that our customers have asked us. This way we can equip you with all the soap making supplies and information that you need to make all kinds of wonderful homemade soaps!

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: What are the Hot Process Stages?

First, melt your oils and butters in a crock pot. Then, create your lye solution and add it to your crock pot. Use a stick blend to mix to trace and cover the crock pot. After about 15 minutes, stir the batter and replace the lip. Continue to stir every 15 minutes until the soap batter has the consistency of mashed potatoes. Then, place the soap in a mold and allow it to set up for 24 hours. After, remove from mold, cut, and allow it to cure for about 1-2 weeks. Although the bar may technically be safe to use, allowing it to cure will provide a harder, better quality bar of soap.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Can I Use the Pan or Crockpot I Used for Soapmaking for Food?Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Can I Use the Pan or Crockpot I Used for Soapmaking for Food?

No, you should never return your soaping equipment to the kitchen. So, make sure that you use a pan or crock pot that you aren’t overly fond of for your hot process soap recipes. Hopefully, you can find a pan or crock pot that is cheap or old to use for soap. Once anything in your kitchen is used for soapmaking, it should be moved into your soap making supplies permanently.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Do I Have to Use a Crock Pot for Hot Process Soap?

No, you don’t have to use a crock pot to be successful in making hot process soap. Many people like to use an old crock pot, but if you aren’t able to dedicate one to soap making it is okay to use something different. In fact, you can use a stove top and it works just as well. Honestly, your hot process soap will work just fine as long as your soap has a constant heat source.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: What Are The Hot Process Soap Benefits?

Since hot process soap has some similar steps to cold process soap, hp soap has many of the same benefits. Of course, for both methods, you can control all of the ingredients to avoid ingredient that may trigger allergies or irritate skin conditions. But, the biggest thing that sets the hp soap making method apart from the cold process soap is the cure time. Since hot process soap uses a heat source, like a crock pot or pan, that keeps the soap batter at higher temperatures. These higher temperatures will speed up the saponification process. So, your hot process soaps won’t need to cure as long as they would if they were made using the cp soap method.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Does Natures Garden Offer Hot Process Soap Recipes?

Natures Garden offers a few different recipes for hot process soap that you can choose between. We have regular hp soap recipes, laundry soap recipes, and even a beard soap recipe. So, there are a lot of fun ideas for making hot process soaps! You can find all of our recipes under Hot Process Soap Recipes on the Free Recipes and Classes page.

 

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: When Do I Color Hot Process Soap?Common Hot Process Soap Questions: When Do I Color Hot Process Soap?

You will want to add your soap colorant after the batch is done cooking. So, mix in the coloring once the soap is a mashed potato consistency. Also, you can still do multiple colors with this method. Just split your cooked soap into different bowls and mix in color to each. Once the soap is colored, you can add more ingredients or scoop the soap to the mold.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: When Do I Add Fragrance to Hot Process Soap?

Again, you will want to add your fragrance oil after the soap has fully cooked and before you stick the soap in the mold. So, you can add your scent right after you add your colorant.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: How Long Do I Need to Cook Hot Process Soap?

The cooking time can vary depending on both the individual hot process soap recipe and the soaping ingredients used. Also, the crock pot or pan that you are using can affect the time, too. Some cases take about an hour and other instances may take a few hours. However, you can tell that your soap is done based on consistency. As your soap heats it will begin to get thicker, which you will notice as you are periodically checking the batter. At one point the soap batter will go through a gel phase, which gives a gel-like appearance. Right after this, the soap will get a mashed potato consistency. At this point, you are ready to scoop the soap into your soap mold.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why is My Hot Process Soap Changing Color?Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why is My Hot Process Soap Changing Color?

There are a few reasons why a soap would discolor. Most often, this kind of change is due to the vanillin content in a fragrance oil. This ingredient is what gives scented oils its vanilla notes. So, this type of discoloration can be minimized by using vanilla white color stabilizer. basically, all of the brown discoloration caused by vanillin and oxidation. Vanilla White Color Stabilizer will slow the oxidation of vanillin. However, there are many other ingredients in fragrance oils that can cause discoloration that we can’t reduce or control. This means that it is possible that this additive won’t solve discoloration if the vanillin content isn’t very high. You can find out whether a fragrance discolors and if its maintainable by looking in the description for that scented oil. Another reason that your soaps could change color is herbs, which can oxide over time. This will fade the initial color of the herb and likely become a dull color or change color.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why Is My Hot Process Soap Separating In My Mold?

If your hp soap is separating in the soap mold, then it is a sign that the soap needed to cook longer. No need to rebatch. All you have to do is scoop the soap back into the crock pot or the pan and cook for a bit longer. It could also be caused by a recipe that wasn’t formulated properly or was not weighed out properly.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: How Long Do You Have to Wait to Use Hot Process Soap?

While hot process soap shortens the cure time, you still have a bit of waiting left to do. You will want to let your soap bars set for about 1-2 weeks, depending on your batch this could vary.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why Is My Hot Process Soap Cracking?

Overheating can cause your hot process soap to crack in some places or develop strange patterns. Occasionally, it will just be a simple crack in the soap and other times you can end up with soap with peaks and craters. Sometimes soap can even get an appearance referred to as alien brains, which is kind of looks like a brain pattern.  Also, certain ingredients can lead to an increase in heating, like additives with natural sugars. So, you are more likely to overheat with milk, wine, honey, or fruit and veggie purees. Not only can these ingredients heat you soap, but they have the potential to cause a volcano effect in your soap. So, be sure to use caution for those ingredients with sugars.  

 

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Does Natures Garden Offer Any Hot Process Soap Recipes with Shea Butter?Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Does Natures Garden Offer Any Hot Process Soap Recipes with Shea Butter?

Yes, we do! We have quite a few free soap recipes for hot process soap, which includes the Beard Soap Recipe, the Game On HP Soap Recipe, and the Apricotie Hottie Soap Recipe. If you would like to see more of these types of soap-making recipes, then you can check out our Free Recipes and Classes page under the Hot Process Soap Recipes section.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why is My Hot Process Soap Hard and Crumbly?

If you have soap that is too hard and crumbly, then stick around to learn about why your hot process soap would be this way and how you can fix it. Also, anyone that wants to learn how to make their hot process soap more fluid may want to start here. First, your soap batter could be over cooked, which makes the soap dry and hard. Alternatively, the recipe could contain too many hard oils, which could be saved by re-batching with more soft oils. Or, it could be that you didn’t add enough water. Also, it could be that an ingredient was forgotten or the recipe wasn’t formulated correctly. Another possibility is that there is too much of a soap additive, like sodium lactate, that increased the hardness too much. Often, you can simply fix the mistake and rebatch your soap.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: How Do I Rebatch Hot Process Soap?

Have you ever wondered can you melt a bar of soap and remold? It can be tempting to just scrap a failed batch of soap and start over. If you feel the same, then you will definitely want to hear about rebatching soap. Whether you forgot an ingredient, a hot process soap rebatch is a great idea for you to try. Plus, rebatching your old soap is a fairly simple process. First, grate your old soap and put these pieces in a crock pot. Then, you will need to melt this down with water and whatever you wanted to include in these soaps. If you want a more detailed set of instructions, then you can look at a previous blog on How to Rebatch soap.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why Is My Hot Process Soap Soft and Crumbly?

Also, there are a few reasons why your soap could turn out soft and crumbly. One reason could be that you have too many soft oils and need more hard oils added to the recipe. Also, it could be an issue of not having enough lye for the amount of liquid added. So, it is possible that you may need to formulate the recipe again, which can be made easier with the help of SoapCalc. If your recipe is fine, then you may just need to cook your soap a bit longer. Another option is that you could’ve accidentally added a soap ingredient twice. While you may have a missing ingredient or need to add some different ingredients, it is okay because you should be able to rebatch and save the soap.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Why Is My Hot Process Soap So Soft? I Did Everything Right and It Is Still Soft.

When you first unmold and cut your hp soap, it may be softer than you like. It is common to be a little soft initially for hot process soaps. However, the soap will harden as it cures. Although the soap is safe to use, the bars after about a week, they may still be too soft. For hard soaps, we suggest allowing your soap to cure for 3-4 weeks.

Common Hot Process Soap Questions: Just Ask UsCommon Hot Process Soap Questions: Just Ask Us!

We hope that you were able to learn something interesting about hot process soap making! If you have any other questions or concerns about the hp soap-making method, then reach out and ask us. We are available in the Natures Garden store, on the phone, and on social media. You can reach out to us on the NG Facebook page, Twitter (@ngscents), or Instagram (@ngscents). Have fun soaping and we wish you the very best!