Posts Tagged ‘gel wax’

Gel Wax Scents

Friday, December 20th, 2013

Gel Wax Wine Candle Since gel wax is composed of 95% mineral oil and 5% polymer resin, the fragrance oils or scents that you select have to be soluble in this mixture.  It is believed in the candle making industry that if you are working with gel wax, the scents you use have to be non-polar.  This however, is simply not the case.

It is chemically impossible to make fragrance oils non-polar.  This is because the aldehydes, ketones, resins, esters, and essential oils used in the creation of scents are all polar to some degree.  Now, perfumists are able to keep the polarity low by using isopar solvents. But, in the end; every scent has some level of polarity to them.  Fragrances can NEVER be NON polar, there will always be varying levels of polarity in fragrance.

In order for fragrance oils to work in gel wax, they need to be on the lesser end of being polar.  By lowering the polarity, fragrances are more readily able to be mixed with the mineral oil of gel wax.  But, before using a fragrance oil that you are not sure is gel safe; there are two steps you can take to find out.

Gel Wax and Scent Flashpoint-

In order for a scent to be gel wax compatible, the flashpoint of the fragrance must be 170 degrees or higher.  This degree of flashpoint is important because gel wax burns at a higher temperature. Using a scent with a flashpoint lower than 170 degrees Fahrenheit results in too big of a difference in your melt point and flashpoint; this makes for an unstable and unsafe candle.

You can easily check the flashpoint for every fragrance oil that Natures Garden carries in the Important Fragrance Specifics listed under each scent.

Mineral Oil Miscibility Test-

If you need to test that a fragrance oil is gel wax safe, you can easily do so.  This test is called the mineral oil miscibility test.  To test for gel wax solubility mix 1 part fragrance to 3 parts mineral oil in a glass container.  Then, give the mixture a shake and set it down.  After a few minutes, check the mixture to see if it blended.

Next, in a glass container, mix 3 parts fragrance oil to 1 part mineral oil.  Give the container a shake and once again allow it to sit.  After a few minutes, check to see if the mixture is thoroughly blended.

If you notice the mixture is insoluble or has any cloudiness in the solution, the fragrance is not gel safe.  If the mixture is transparent and dissolved, the fragrance oil is gel wax compatible.

If you are interested in making the gel wax wine candles pictured in this blog post, please click here.  View this recipe plus many more by looking at the Free Recipes and Classes area of the Natures Garden website.

Gel Wax Other

Friday, December 20th, 2013

Spectrum Liquid Candle DyeGel Wax Color-

In order to add color to your gel wax, liquid candle dyes are highly recommended.  This is due to the way that gel wax thins as opposed to liquefy like other waxes.  Using a powder or block candle dye will result in clumping and uneven coloring.  These forms can be used to dye gel wax, but it is way easier just to use the liquid dyes from the start.

Gel Wax Wicks
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Choosing the right wick for gel wax is key.  The general rule of thumb is to wick up with gel wax.

The process to select the correct wick size is to measure the diameter of your container.  You do this by taking a ruler and measuring across the center of the opening of the container.  Once you have this information, check the wick suggestions chart.  However, remember that you must wick up.  This means if your container is 3 inches in diameter, you will look at the wick suggestions for a 4 inch candle.  This is wicking up (which is basically adding an inch to your diameter).

Gel Containers-

There are three important factors to consider when choosing your gel wax container.

First, the container must be crack resistant.

Secondly, the container must be able to stand high heat from the burning candle.  Remember, gel wax burns at a higher temperature than other waxes.  Coupled with the open flame and the high temperature of the melt pool, you want to make sure the container can with stand the heat.

Lastly, the container you select cannot leak.  As with all candles that you craft, you do not want to have liquid wax spilling out onto any surfaces.

Beer Candle Recipe

Friday, September 20th, 2013

an NG originalThe Natures Garden’s staff is at it again.  This week, Zack made a realistic beer candle; foam and all!  Would you look at the froth on that beer!  It is even frothing over the side.  This project involved working with gel wax for the beer, and whipped soy wax for the froth.  Zack looks oh so proud to be posing with his creation.  He said he is going to take it home and show all of his friends.

Zack has worked in the fragrance department of Natures Garden for a very very long time!  You could say Zack himself is an “NG Original”.  Zack says the beer scent is so realistic he just cannot believe it, and he has downed a beer or two in his time, so this is coming from a professional.  beer candle

Zack plays on a soccer team two nights a week.   He has real passion for the game of soccer, and has been playing the game since he was a young boy.  I asked Zack what else he does in his spare time, and Zack just laughed.

Zack is an exceptional staff member, rarely missing work, always in an upbeat, humorous, playful mood, and has a fine-tuned fragrance nose!  Hang out with Zack for just a few minutes and you are laughing your butt off!  Click here to see the Beer Candle Recipe that Zack created. 

Zack’s life motto is:  “Have Fun”.