Category Archives: cold process soap vs melt and pour soap

Jun
26

Soap Making Terms


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Soap Making Terms

If you want to learn about different soaping methods and get help for potential problems, then it helps to know common soap making terms. Whether you are a beginner or experienced, you are likely to come across something new with your batches at least once. So, we are here to help you understand what to do and how to solve any soap-making issues.

Soap Making Terms: How Much Fragrance Oil Can I Add to Soap?

While you should always check the usage rate for each individual fragrance, the maximum that we recommend is 5%. Sometimes you can a scent where the IFRA sheet allows more and you can do more if you’d like. After you know the usage rate, you just need to do some simple multiplication to figure out how much scent you need.

Formula: Weight of Soap x Usage Rate = Weight of Fragrance Oil
Example: 912 grams of soap x 0.05 (which is a 5% usage rate) = 45.6 grams of fragrance

Soap Making Terms: Why Did My Soap Turn Brown?

Often fragrance oils that contains a high amount of Vaniilin will turn soap brown. Also, the color will be a darker brown with scented oils with higher amounts of Vanillin. We can use Vanilla White Color Stabilizer to reduce these effects and still use the scent. Since this ingredient is added to provide a vanilla scent, strong vanilla fragrance oils will almost always turn soap brown without the color stabilizer.

Soap Making Terms: Can I Use Essential Oils in Soap Making?

Yes, essential oils can be used to scent soap. We find that essential oils hold up better in MP soap than in soap made from scratch. This is because the saponification process can cook off the essential oil, which doesn’t have middle notes to anchor the scent. You may have some scent after the soaps cure, but it won’t be as strong as it is in MP soap.

Soap Making Terms: How Much Essential Oil Can I Use in Soap?

This can be different for each essential oil, so you will need to check the IFRA sheet for the usage rate. Then, you can figure out how much you need using the same method as you would for fragrance oils.

Soap Making Terms: How Do You Make Soap White?

You can add titanium dioxide to soaps to make them white. In fact, many of our white soap bases use this ingredient. If you wanted, you could use this ingredient to turn your clear soaps to white.

Soap Making Terms: What is Melt and Pour Soap Making?Soap Making Terms: What is Melt and Pour Soap Making?

Another option for soap making is melt and pour soap. This method starts with a soap base that has already gone through the saponification process. So, you cut need to cut and melt the amount your need before you are ready to add colorants, fragrance, or herbs. Then, you can pour the melted soap into a mold and spray the top with rubbing alcohol. As soon as the soap is hardened, it is ready to use!

Soap Making Terms: How Much Melt and Pour Soap Will I Need for My Mold?

For each ounce by volume in your mold you will need 31 grams of soap. Say the soap mold will hold 16 ounces, you will need 496 grams of soap

Formula: Constant Value for Soap Needed to Fill Mold x Volume of Mold = Weight of Soap
Example:
31 grams per ounce x 16 ounce mold = 196 grams of MP soap

Soap Making Terms: How Long Should Melt and Pour Soap Stay in the Mold?

This can vary based on the size of soap you are creating. Smaller soaps will take less time compared to bigger soaps. Just make sure that they are hardened all the way before you remove them. Also, you should be able to feel that the mold is no longer warm to touch.

Soap Making Terms: How Do I Get My Melt and Pour Soap Out of the Mold?

While you should be able to hold your molds upside down and lightly push, sometimes they get stuck. If you place your soaps in the refrigerator for a short amount of time, this should make it easier for you to remove your mp soap.

Soap Making Terms: How Do I Get Fingerprints Off My Melt and Pour Soap?

Sometimes when you are removing your soaps from the mold, you can transfer a fingerprint. Just use some rubbing alcohol to dampen a cotton swab and  gently swab the fingerprint. It should begin to fade as you do this.

Soap Making Terms: Can Melt and Pour Soap Be Used Right Away?

Of course! The saponification process is already complete before you get your soap base. So, there is no active lye to worry about. This means that you can use your soaps as soon as they harden.

Soap Making Terms: Why Is My Melt and Pour Soap Sweating?

There are a few reasons why your soap would sweat. First, it could be due to adding too much oil. Whether it is fragrance oil or carrier oil, the soap can only hold on to so much before the oil begins to leak out to create beads on the surface. More often, it is due to the soap drawing moisture from the air. Since your soap base uses vegetable glycerin, a humectant, it will draw moisture to it. Although this is great for you skin, it can lead to your soap sweating . However, you can prevent the latter by wrapping your soap as soon as it comes out of the mold. This way it can’t pull moisture from the air.

 

Soap Making Terms: What is Hot Process Soap Making?Soap Making Terms: What is Hot Process Soap Making?

Another way to make soap from scratch is hot process soap. This process is very similar to cold process soapmaking. However, in this method you will have a heat source to speed up the saponification process. You can use a crock pot or stove top to heat your soap mixture. After, you can technically use the bars immediately. However, letting them cure a week will provide you with harder, milder bars.

Soap Making Terms: Does Natures Garden Offer Any Hot Process Soap Recipes with Shea Butter?

Yes, we have a few! For example, we have our Manly Soap Recipe, the Beard Soap Recipe, and more that you can find under the Hot Process Soap Recipes page!

Soap Making Terms: How Long Do You Have to Wait to Use Hot Process Soap?

Yes. Although you don’t have to wait as long for your soaps to cure, there is still some lye left that needs to react. Typically, you will need to wait 1-2 week(s) before using your hp soap.

Soap Making Terms: What Does Rebatch Mean?

If you want to redo a soap batch or add more ingredients, then this is a great idea for you! It is common to rebatch to correct issues like seizing or forgotten ingredients. Also, this can be done to add ingredients that wouldn’t react well during the saponification process, like natural exfoliates or essential oils. First, take the soaps that you aren’t necessarily pleased with and grate them into pieces. Place these pieces in a crock pot and melt them with milk, water, or another liquid to prevent scotching. Also, add any additional oils that you want in these soaps. Allow you batch to reheat for one hour at which point it will by thick. After, add the color, scent, and herbs before scooping this soap into a mold.

Soap Making Terms: What is Cold Process Soap Making?Soap Making Terms: What is Cold Process Soap Making?

This process is one of a few that are refereed to as making soap from scratch because in uses water, lye, and oils to create bars of soap. Another key characteristic of this method is that you don’t need outside heat, as the lye provide enough heat for saponification. Once trace occurs, you are able to add colorants, scented oils, and herbs can be added at this point. After 24 hours, you can remove the soap from the mold and cut. However, you must let your soap cure for a period of 4-6 weeks.

Soap Making Terms: What is Lye in Soap Making?

Lye is a caustic base that is a key component for soap, as it drives the saponification process. It is sometimes referred to as sodium hydroxide for bar soaps and potassium hydroxide for liquid soaps.

Soap Making Terms: What Does Saponification Mean?

This is the process of lye reacting with the oils/fats/butters to produce soap. Saponification will produce both the soap and the glycerin in the soap.

Soap Making Terms: What Does Cure Time Mean?

Cure time is the period where the soap finishes the soaponification process until there is no more active lye present in the bars.

Soap Making Terms: What Does the Term Trace Mean in Soap Making?

In soaping, trace is when the lye water and the oils/butters have been fully combined. You will know that you’ve hit trace because the batter will thicken to a pudding-like consistency. Also, you can check to see whether you are at trace by using a spatula to “trace” a line of soap in the batter. You will notice that the line will not immediately disappear and you can see a trace of the soap you drizzled in.

Soap Making Terms: What Does Light Trace Mean in Soap Making?

Light trace is the point right before your soap comes to trace. You will begin to see a trace, but it won’t stay for more than a few seconds. So, the batter is about to hit trace where it will be thick enough to see the soap for a bit longer.

Soap Making Terms: How Long Does It Take for Soap Batter to Get to Trace?

The time is takes to get to trace will vary between batches for a number of reasons. The ingredients in a recipe can lead to different times. Also, fragrance oils and some soap additives can accelerate or slow trace in your batch.

Soap Making Terms: What Does Seize Mean in Soap Making?

If your soap seizes, then it means that your soap has gone through saponification enough that the batter is beginning to turn from liquid to solid. While this isn’t bad on its own, it makes it impossible to pour soap that is still in the bowl. This hardening soap that hasn’t yet made it to the mold will be too thick to mix and, at best, will be chunky in the mold.

Soap Making Terms: Why Do I Have Lye Pockets in My Cold Process Soap?

If you use too much lye in your soap recipe, then you can
Lye pockets can form in cold process soap most often when too much lye is used. However, it could also be a recipe that wasn’t properly formulated, an oil was left out, the soap seized, or even when the lye solution was not fully mixed. If the lye was not completely saponified you can always rebatch the soap and hot process the soap adding additional oil. Also, it is possible that it could be used in recipes such as laundry soaps that can utilize soap with a higher pH level.

Soap Making Terms: Can I Change the Soap Making Recipes?

Unlike many other bath and body recipes, you can’t simply swap out oils in the Natures Garden formulated recipe. Each oil has a certain saponification value that determines how much lye it will react with. So, switching an oil could result in your batch being lye heavy. Even if you wait longer to cure, there won’t be enough oils to react with the lye and the bars will irritate the skin or even cause burning. Instead, use SoapCalc to determine what you would have to change to get the recipe that you want!

Soap Making Terms: Reach Out to UsSoap Making Terms: Reach Out to Us

If you have any other questions or concerns about soapmaking, then please reach out to us! One easy way to ask us something is on social media. You can find us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Have fun soaping!

 

May
24

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?


This entry was posted in bath products, cold process soap, cold process soap vs melt and pour soap, Free Recipes, free soap recipes, homemade soap, how to make cold process soap, melt and pour soap, soap supplies, soaping terms, soapmaking and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

How Do You Make Homemade Soap? How Do You Make Homemade Soap?

Are you a new soap maker? If so, then this is going to be a great blog for you! Today we are answering the following question; How Do You Make Homemade Soap? Since there are a few different ways to make soap, we are going to talk about the two basic methods for soap making. First, we will talk about Melt and Pour Soap, which will include things like adding colorant, choosing scents, and finding the right mold. Then, we will talk about how to make Cold Process Soap, which includes formulating the recipe, choosing a mold, scenting, and adding colorant. While these two methods are similar in a few ways, there are many differences between the two and ether one can be a better option depending on the situation. So, let’s get started in learning all about soap!

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: What are the Different Types of Soap?How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: What are the Different Types of Soap?

Before we introduce you to soap making, we need to talk about the difference between Melt and Pour Soap and Cold Process Soap. Both can be made at home, but they each require different steps. Melt and Pour soap is the simplest option of the two, as soap batch has already been created. Plus, the lye has already cured and you can use the soap immediately. All you have to do is melt your soap base and create the appearance you want for your batch. The other option is Cold Process Soap, which allows you to formulate your bars to be perfect for your needs. While this method has a bit more time invested, there is a lot more that you can do creatively with CP Soap.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Melt and Pour Soap Making

If you are just ready to get to making cute soaps, then you may want to start with melt and pour soap. While you can’t change the properties of the soap base too much, this method of soap making gives you the freedom to make some pretty amazing soaps.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Different Kinds of Soap BaseHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Different Kinds of Soap Base

While you can’t choose every ingredient, you can choose between several quality soap bases that will be sure to clean and moisturize your skin. We have soap bases that contain real honey, skin loving goats milk melt and pour soap base, and so many more. Regardless of what you are looking for in a bar of soap, you will find that all of our soap bases have quality ingredients that are hard to beat. You can look though all of the melt and pour soap bases available at Natures Garden.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Coloring MP SoapHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Coloring MP Soap

There are a few different routes you can take with coloring your melt and pour soap. If you are trying to create a more natural bar of soap, then you may want to use herbs to color your soap. This is a good idea for face soaps, as well. So, you soap will have a more natural hue and will have the added beneficial properties of the herb. You can find suggested herbs for colorants on our Soap Coloring Class. Another great option for coloring are Da Bomb of FUN Soap Colorants, which will provide bright colors that are perfect for creating vibrant hues.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Scenting MP Soap

There are a few ways to scent your homemade soaps. Some people are curious about how to scent soap naturally. Of course, we could use essential oils, which are all derived from natural sources. You can find your favorite natural scent on the Essential Oils page of our website. Since there is more variety, other people have turned to fragrance oils. We at Natures Garden have hundreds of diverse fragrance oils, which you can find alphabetically by clicking here. For each scent you will find whether it can be used for soap and what amount you can use. So, there is no need to worry whether the scent you are getting won’t work for melt and pour soap.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: MP Soap MoldHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: MP Soap Mold

Finally, you are going to want to choose the soap mold for your recipe. This will depend on how big you want you soap to be. If you are going to be creating an embed or want to make small soaps for guests, then you may want to look at our Guest Soap Molds. For larger bars, you can look through the Mold Market Soap Molds or the Silicone Soap Molds. These sections have larger shapes and even a loaf mold, which is perfect for creating a big loaf from which you can cut bars of soap.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Recipes for Making MP SoapHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Recipes for Making MP Soap

If you are looking to get inspired, then you may want to check out our Melt & Pour Soap Recipes. There are many different types of soaps that we have created and there are step by step instructions available for each one. We have soap that looks like cupcakes, candy, flowers, and so many more gorgeous designs! One fun recipe that we have is the Rainbow MP Soap Recipe and is scented with the heavenly scent of Angel Wings Fragrance Oil. With all of these fun recipes available, you are sure to find a recipe that you love!

How Do You Make Homemade Soap? : Cold Process Soap Making

Once you learn the basics, making soap from scratch is such a fun process! You can create a bar that has all the best properties to make a batch that is tailored to be just right for you. All you need to do is choose your favorite ingredients and their amounts to formulate a recipe. Then, you can get creative with scented oils, soap molds, and soap colorants!

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Soap Making SafetyHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Soap Making Safety

One of the most important parts of making soap from scratch is safety, as cp soap uses lye. So, you will want to tie your hair back, wear safety goggles, clothing that covers arms and legs, closed shoes, and a face mask. You can read more about soap making safety and find the soaping safety supplies we offer by clicking here. Also, you will want to have a well ventilated area to create your lye solution. Another very important thing to remember is that you should only pour lye into water and make sure to go slowly while stirring. Don’t let these precautions scare you though. You will be perfectly fine as long as you are wearing your safety gear and are being cautious!

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: How to Create a Soap RecipeHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: How to Create a Soap Recipe

There are all kinds of properties that you may want to have in your batch of soap. Many people want to know how to make moisturizing soap, how to make sensitive skin soap, or any other properties. The best way to do it is formulate your very own soap recipe and the simplest way to create your very own uniquely perfect soap recipe is the Soap Calculator. All you have to do is enter the oils and butters that you will be using in the recipe and it will tell you all the characteristics of the bar before you even make it. From this point you can tweak the amounts or switch out an ingredient to create a batch that is just right.


How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Adding Scent to CP Soap

While many of the same scents can be used in both CP and MP soaps, there are more factors to consider for cold process soap. Again, you can either use a fragrance oil or an essential oil. But, the fragrance oil’s have the potential to change the consistency and emulsification of your batch. So, you have to be wary of ricing, where the batch clumps and looks like rice pudding. Also, a scent could cause acceleration. This is when the trace happens sooner, which is when the soap emulsifies. The batch will get thick enough to leave a trace of soap on top of the batch after scooping some out and drizzling it back in. Lastly, you could have separation of the fragrance or discoloration of your finished soap.

Some fragrance oils won’t cause any issues and others may cause a few of these issues, its all about the chemical make up. For instance, vanilla scents will often discolor to a dark color due to the vanillin and may need a Vanilla White Stabilizer. If you are curious about a specific fragrance oil, then head over to the Natures Garden YouTube channel. We have tested every scent in one of our soap recipes to show exactly how the scent performs in soap! While we do have a brief explanation of the scent performance on each Fragrance’s page, this allows you to actually see whats happening to the soap.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Coloring CP SoapHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Coloring CP Soap

Again, you can use either herbs or soap pigments to color you soaps. There a few pigmented herbs that can be used to naturally color your soap. In our coloring class, we have options you can use for creating yellow, green, brown, red, and purple hues. But, we have found that Da Bomb and FUN soap colorants are more stable and vivid in cold process soap. While these colorants are created in a laboratory now, they  are able to create versions that are more pure and better than what was previously mined. One example of CP soap that takes the best of both options is the Total Hot Man CP Soap Recipe, which includes Activated Charcoal and Tomato Red FUN Soap Colorant.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Choosing a CP Soap MoldHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Choosing a CP Soap Mold

Once your batch of cold process soap has reached trace and is ready to pour, it will be hot. So, you are going to need to make sure that your mold can handle it. Otherwise, your soap mold could end up melting and making a big mess. This means that it would be unlikely that you will be able to make small cold process guest soaps. However, most Mold Market Soap Molds will hold up just fine! Also, all of the SIlicone Soap Molds are sturdy enough to handle the soap. If you are looking to create a loaf of soap, then you may want to try the Silicone Soap Mold- 4 Loaf Molds. Alternatively, you can use a mold like the Silicone Soap Mold- 6 Cavity Flower to create individual bars in fun designs.

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Recipes for Cold Process Soap MakingHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Recipes for Cold Process Soap Making

If you aren’t ready to create your very own formulations yet, then feel free to try out one of Natures Garden’s very own recipes! We have all kinds of different types of Cold Process Soap Recipes that you can choose between. Furthermore, you could enter a batch of soap we have created into the soap calculator and change a few ingredients. This would be a great to practice formulating recipes. Also, you may want to try out our Beginners Cold Process Soap Recipe if this is your first time with CP soap. Whether you make your own recipe or start with ours, you are sure to find what you need to create soap that you will love. 

 

How Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Talk to UsHow Do You Make Homemade Soap?: Talk to Us

We hope that this blog has been helpful in getting all of you beginning soap makers started. If you have any more questions about anything regarding soap making, then definitely reach out to us! You can find us at the Natures Garden store or online on any of our social media pages. We can answer any questions on our Facebook page. Also, you can reach out to us on Twitter and Instagram with @ngscents. Plus, we would love to see what fun soap creations you have been able to make. Can’t wait to hear from you!