May
09

Types of Candle Wicks


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Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks

Choosing the right wick for your homemade candles is one of the most important parts of candle making! The candle’s wick is what feeds the flame to keep it going, as the wick collects the candle wax vapor as the wax is heated. So, a good wick will keep your flame burning evenly and for a long time! Since there are many types of candle wicks, we thought it would be useful to have a guide with candle wick information all in one place. So, this blog explains the importance of choosing the best wick along with some details on the wicks available from Natures Garden!

Types of Candle Wicks: Choosing a TypeTypes of Candle Wicks: Choosing a Type

There are three main types that nearly all candle wicks fall into. First, we have the most common type of candle wick, which are flat wicks. These are usually made from three bundles of fiber knitted together and are very consistent in burning. Plus, they curl in the flame for a self-trimming effect. Second, we have square wicks, which are often braided or knitted. These will curl in the flame, but are a bit more rounded than flat wicks and are better able to resist clogging. Lastly, we have the cored wicks, which use a core material around the braided wick to keep it upright. These wicks have a round cross section and use different materials, like cotton, paper, zinc, or tin, to keep the wick upright.

Types of Candle Wicks: Why Are Wicks Different Sizes?Types of Candle Wicks: Why Are Wicks Different Sizes?

Choosing the proper wick is very important.  The size and type you need depends on the size container and type of wax you use. Every candle is unique and many come in different shapes and sizes, so wicks come in different sizes too!  For the wick, both its length and width have a purpose for the candle. Also, you will need to know that the different numbers signify the size of the wick. This means that a CD-10 wick is more narrow than a CD-12, which is why the CD-12 wick can cover a larger candle radius compared to the CD-10.  We should also note, when a candle wick is created, it is then coated in wax.  At times, this coating can make a smaller wick appear larger than a bigger sized wick.  It’s not really larger, it simply has a thicker wax coating than the larger candle wick.

Types of Candle Wicks: Why is my candle wick mushrooming?

One issue that you can have due to choosing the wrong size wick is mushrooming. This is when a build up of carbon forms on your wick and creates a sort of mushroom-like shape. If your wick is too large for you container, then your candle will burn way too fast. This rapid burning leads to an increased amount of build up in a short time and causes the mushrooming appearance.

Types of Candle Wicks: What is tunneling in candles?

Another issue that you could run into is tunneling. This is when the flame doesn’t burn all the way to the edges, which leaves a ring around the outside. Not only does this waste parts of you candle that could’ve been put to good use, but this can make it difficult to relight as the flame begins to drop further. Some times you can have this with the correct sized wick, but there are ways to prevent this from happening. For example, a memory burn and longer burns can make sure that all of the wax is used as the flame burns. However, a wick that is too small for your container will tunnel no matter what you do.

Types of Candle Wicks: CD Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: CD Candle Wicks

First, we have the CD Candle Wicks – 100 count, which are made of a flat, cotton braid with a special paper around it. This is perfect for a hot flame as this gives the wick excellent capillary action. Also, this wick will provide a cleaner burn, is basically self- trimming, and can be used in any type of wax. If you are looking for the best wick for soy wax or vegetate wax, then this is a good option to try out! So, its no wonder why this wick is a favorite for many of us  at Natures Garden

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for CD Candle Wicks
  • CD5 candle wicks- Use with votives and containers 2 inch in diameter.
  • CD7 candle wicks- Use with containers approximately 2.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD10 candle wicks- Use with Medium sized containers approximately 3 inches in diameter.
  • CD 12 candle wicks- Use with medium sized containers approximately 3- 3.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD14 candle wicks- Use with Large sized containers approximately 4 inches in diameter.
  • CD16 candle wicks- Use with large sized containers approximately 4.25 inches in diameter.
  • CD18 candle wicks- Use with large containers approximately 4.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD20 candle wicks- Use with extra large containers approximately 5 inches in diameter.
  • CD 22 candle wicks- Extra large wick for use in large containers approximately 5.5 inches in diameter.

Types of Candle Wicks: Hemp Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: Hemp Candle Wicks

Next, we have the Hemp Candle Wicks- 100 count. These are braided wicks like many candle wicks, but they use natural hemp fibers instead of the typical cotton fibers. This makes the wick more rigid, so it can stay more on its own. Plus, these fibers allow the candle wick to provide a hotter burn. This wick can be used perfectly for any and all candle waxes. Plus, this wick is another great one to try for anyone looking for the best wick for soy wax!

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for Hemp Candle Wicks
  • 838 Hemp candle wicks- use for votives and small candles- 1.5 to 2 inch diameter.
  • 1400 Hemp candle wicks- use for large candles- 2.5 to 3 inch diameter.
  • 60048 Hemp candle wicks- use with extra large candles- 3.5 to 4 inch diameter.

Types of Candle Wicks: HTP Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: HTP Candle Wicks

Also, you can try out the HTP Candle Wicks – 100 Count. These wicks are mad from a blend of paper fibers and cotton fibers that create a flat, braided design. This design provides the wick with a hotter and cleaner burn that you are sure to enjoy! Plus, this wick’s cleaner burn is able to reduce any issues with either smoking or mushrooming. Although these wicks can be used effectively in any kind of candle wax, we would recommend these wicks for your Gel Wax or Soy Wax. HTP wick’s performance for these two types of wax is phenomenal!

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for HTP Candle Wicks
  • HTP-31 candle wick (2.5 inch) (20mm tab, 3mm neck)- Use for votives or small containers with a diameter of approximately 1.5 inches.
  • HTP-52 candle wick (4 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for containers with a diameter of approximately 2.5 inches.
  • HTP-73 candle wicks (6 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for medium sized containers with a diameter of approximately 3 inches.
  • HTP-83 candle wicks (7 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for medium sized containers with a diameter of approximately 3.5 inches.
  • HTP-104 candle wicks (7 inch) (20mm tab, 6mm neck)- Use for large containers with a diameter of approximately 4 inches.
  • HTP-1212 candle wicks (7 inch) (20mm tab, 6mm neck)-Use for extra large containers with a diameter of approximately 4.5 inches.

Types of Candle Wicks: Zinc Core Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: Zinc Core Candle Wicks

Lastly, we have the Zinc Core Candle Wicks- 100 wicks. These wicks are the most popular for creating homemade candles. These wicks have a cotton fiber braid surrounded by a zinc core.  Also, these wicks can be used in all applications.This style of wick is great for creating container candles as the zinc core allows the wick to stand up. While you can use these wicks in vegetable waxes, you will need to go up a size on your wick. Instead of using the normal size wick for your container, just get a size bigger as these wicks don’t burn as hot as other candle wicks.

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide For Zinc Core Candle Wicks
  • 1 3/4 inch zinc core candle wick (44-20-18z)- great for tealights, and small containers with a diameter of about 1 inch.
  • 2 1/2 inch zinc core candle wick (44-28-18z)- great for votives, and containers with a diameter of about 2 inches.
  • 7 inch zinc core candle wick (44-24-18z)- great for candles with diameter of 2-2.5 inch diameter.
  • 7 inch zinc core candle wick (51-32-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of about 2.5 to 3 inches.
  • 6 inch zinc core candle wick (44-28-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of about 2-2.75 inches. Also, a nice wick for cylinder candles.
  • 7 inch Extra Large zinc Core candle wick (62-52-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of 3 inches to 4 inches.
  • 3 inch self centering zinc core candle wick (44-24-18z)- great for votives and candles with the diameter of 2-2.5 inches. These wicks self center themselves due to their 33 mm wick tabs.

Types of Candle Wicks: Spooled Candle WickingTypes of Candle Wicks: Spooled Candle Wicking

Another fun option to consider when choosing your wicks is the Spooled Candle Wicking- 8 oz. Roll. You can get about 400 feet of this spooled candle wick in either the 44-24-18 zinc core candle wicking or the 34-30 cotton wicking. According to our own candle testing, both of these types of wicks will be able to handle a diameter of between 2 inches and 3 inches. So, this wicking could be beneficial for making pillar candles, as they are taller than most of our other wicks. Further, you can cut each wick to the exact size. This means you will have less wasted wicking due to trimming.

Types of Candle Wicks: Candle Wick TabsTypes of Candle Wicks: Candle Wick Tabs

Additionally, you may want to get Candle Wick Tabs – 1/2 Pound to go along with your spool of wicking. These tabs come in a few different sizes that vary in width and neck height. The width of the tab gives your wick a base to hold the wick in place. There are 15mm, which are great for tea lights, and 20mm, which are most popular for candle making. The neck size controls how far down the wick will burn and protects the bottom of the container from getting too hot, without this the candle glass could over heat and break. This comes in either the 3mm, which is most common for candle making, or the 6mm, which is good for gel wax candles. Unless you are making tea lights or using gel wax, you will likely want to use the 20mm standard 3mm neck tabs.

Types of Candle Wicks: Votive Candle Wick PinTypes of Candle Wicks: Votive Candle Wick Pin

While the Votive Candle Wick Pin isn’t necessary a wick, it can be very useful tool for wicking! If you want to create fun candles without containers, then the wick pin is a great way to keep your wick centered. While this pin was designed to create votive candles with perfectly centered wicks, this pin is great for other fun shapes, too! We have use this pin to create cupcake candles, smores candles, and so much more! This particular pin is 2 and 5/16 inches tall, so you can use it for smaller candle designs and, of course, votive candles.

Types of Candle Wicks: History of Candles

According to the National Candle Association, candles are an ancient tool that have evolved right along side mankind. Beginning as primitive candles with reeds or beeswax, early Egyptian and Roman societies used these to light their homes and perform ceremonies. Then, the candles changed over the centuries as the ingredients were improved and changed. Overtime, they went from a source of light to a method of scenting the home, as we use them today. If you are interested in how candles have changed though time, the History of Candles article has some interesting details of what was used for all kinds of different candles from the past.

Types of Candle Wicks: Give Us a ShoutTypes of Candle Wicks: Give Us a Shout

We hope that you learned something new that you can use in future candle making. If you are interested in learning more, then you can find more detailed information on either our wicking chart or Science of Candle Wicking Class. Also, you can reach out to us at Natures Garden with any other unanswered questions. An easy way to contact us is through social media. We are available on our Facebook page. Also, you can find us on Instagram and Twitter with @ngscents. We can’t wait to hear from you!

Note: We do not accept returns on our wicks, so we advise you to purchase sample packs before committing to a larger sized bag of wicks.