Tag Archives: What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?

Jun
14

Candle Making Terminology


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Candle Making TerminologyCandle Making Terminology

We at Natures Garden know that there is a lot of candle making terminology and techniques that you need to know to make great homemade candles. So, we are going to answer some common candle making questions and problems to make your experience more fun. So, set aside your candle making equipment and let’s figure out how to make gorgeous scented candles!

Candle Making Terminology: Types of Candles

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Pillar Candle?Candle Making Terminology: What is a Pillar Candle?

Pillar candles are free-standing candles that don’t require a container. These often use a harder type of candle wax that is made for creating pillar candles, like Pillar of Bliss Wax or Palm Pillar Wax.

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Votive Candle?Candle Making Terminology: What is a Votive Candle?

Votive Candles are a smaller kind of candle. The average size is 1.5 ounces and they are about two inches tall and one and a half inches wide. These are often made with a Votive Mold.

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Tealight Candle?Candle Making Terminology: What is a Tealight Candle?

Tea Lights are very small candles that are about an inch and a half wide and a half inch tall. They can be made in Tea Light Cups .

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Fragrances

Candle Making Terminology: What Does Fragrance Load Mean?

In candle making, fragrance load refers to the amount of fragrance oil that you are using in your homemade candle recipe.

Candle Making Terminology: My Candle Wax Will Hold a 10% Fragrance Load. How Do I Know How Much to Add?Candle Making Terminology: My Candle Wax Will Hold a 10% Fragrance Load. How Do I Know How Much to Add?

All you need to do is some simple math that we will walk you through! First, weigh the amount of candle wax you are using. Then, multiply this amount by 0.10, which is 10% to determine the amount of fragrance oil that you can use.

  • Formula: Candle Wax Weight X Fragrance Percentage = Amount of Fragrance That Can Be Added
  • Example: 20 (ounces of candle wax) X 0.10 = 2 ounces of fragrance oil So, since your candle wax is in ounces, the fragrance amount that can be added to the candle wax will also be in ounces.
Candle Making Terminology: What Does Scent Throw Mean?

The scent throw is the strength of fragrance that the candle releases into the air. Cold throw is the strength of scent when the candle is not lit yet. Hot throw is the strength of the scent throw when the candle is lit and burning.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Waxes

Candle Making Terminology: What Kind of Wax Should I Use for Candles?Candle Making Terminology: What Kind of Wax Should I Use for Candles?

Choosing a candle wax type depends on the type of candle that you want to create. So, the isn’t a universal answer to the question, “Which is the best wax for candle making?” For example, pillar candles would require a pillar wax, which includes Pillar of Bliss Candle Wax and Palm Pillar Wax. The Pillar of Bliss Wax is a blend of soy and paraffin that has a great scent throw and a creamy finish. The Palm Pillar Wax has a crystal finish, has a wonderful scent throw, and comes form sustainable sources.

However, container candles would be best with a container wax, which includes soy wax, Joy wax, WOW Wax, palm wax, and gel wax. Soy wax would make a great, inexpensive addition to your natural candle making supplies. It has a clean burn and and excellent cold throw, but it can be tricky to get a good hot throw from certain fragrances. Wow wax is mostly paraffin and has an amazing hot throw, but has a less clean burn. Joy wax is a perfect blend of paraffin wax and soy wax, as well as veggie wax and proprietary ingredients, that provides a cleaner burn with an amazing scent throw. Gel wax has a neat translucent look, but is not compatible with all fragrance oils. Our palm wax comes from sustainable sources that aren’t harming the rainforest, has a beautiful crystal appearance, and a great scent throw.

Candle Making Terminology: What is Granulated Wax?Candle Making Terminology: What is Granulated Wax?

Simply, this is wax that is grainy and looks kind of like sand. This wax can be scented and colored without melting, so it is a easy and fun way to create candles with kids. We have made candle recipes like the Bacon Candle Recipe and the Hydrangea Candle Recipe with this type of wax.

Candle Making Terminology: Crucial Temperatures

Candle Making Terminology: Do I Need to Worry About the Temperatures When Making Candles?Candle Making Terminology: Do I Need to Worry About the Temperatures When Making Candles?

Yes, this is very important for creating quality homemade candles! There are a few key moments where you will need a thermometer to be aware of the temperature of your wax. First, you need to make sure that your fragrance oil isn’t added at a temperature that is too hot. If your fragrance is added at a temperature that is too high, then some of the notes may burn off and leave you with a less satisfying scent. Another issue is pouring your wax into the container too soon. If you pour at a temperature that is too cool, you could have improper adhesion, wet spots, sinking, and other issues. So, be sure to check your wax’s description to see the temperature that is should be poured.

Candle Making Terminology: What does sinkhole mean?

Sinkhole is a hole or cavity that appears on your candle as it is setting up. Often, this occurs when the candle wax is poured at too low of a temperature.

Candle Making Terminology: Can You Cool a Candle in the Fridge?Candle Making Terminology: Can You Cool a Candle in the Fridge?

No, candles should cool as slowly as possible on their own. If you place a candle in the fridge to cool, they may not adhere to the glass properly, which can lead to wet spots.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Wicks

Candle Making Terminology: Choosing the Right WickCandle Making Terminology: Choosing the Right Wick

The size of your wick depends on the diameter of your container. You can see the radius for each wick under it’s description. However, you will still need to test because there are many variable between wax type and fragrance oil. A fragrance with a high flash point and high specific gravity, like vanilla, requires a hotter burn. But, low flash point scents with low specific gravity, like citrus, need a smaller wick. Also, you may hear the terms “wick up’ and “wick down” when talking about find the right wick size. Wick down means that you should use a wick that is smaller than what you have been using and wick up means that you should use a wick that is larger than what you use for candles this size.

Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Stop a Candle From Tunneling?Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Stop a Candle From Tunneling?

If you don’t know, tunneling is often the answer for the question, “Why isn’t my candle wax not burning evenly all of the way down?” Tunneling can happen for a few reasons, which includes issues with wick size. If your wick is too small for the diameter of your candle, then it will not burn all the way to the outside edge. So, you may either need a larger wick, multiple wicks, or a different type of wick that will burn hotter.

However, there are a few other issues that could cause tunneling. If you think your wick is the right size, then look into some of these potential issues, First, you may have a clogged wick, which can cause uneven burning. Also, it could be that you didn’t do a memory burn for the candle’s first use to ensure a proper burn. Finally, you may need to use a wax that has a lower melt point that is easier for you chosen wick to handle.

Candle Making Terminology: Why Are My Candle Jars Black After I Burn My Candles?

Often, this occurs when you wick is too big for your jar or your wick is too long. If your wick is trimmed down to 1/4 inch, then the length is fine. You can check the suggested radius for your wick to see if you need to get a smaller size. Also, using too much fragrance can clog the wick and cause more soot than normal.

Candle Making Terminology: Do Candle Wicks Contain Lead?

No, candle wicks in the Unites States, like ours, do not contain lead. In fact, lead core wicks were banned in the US in 2003.

Candle Making Terminology: Proper Burning

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Memory Burn?

This is the first burn of your candles and is the most important. This burn will set the boundary of your melt pool and will determines whether the edges of your candle will be reached. A guide is to burn an hour for every inch your candle is wide to ensure that it will burn properly as it is used in future burns. Also, you will want to make sure that you wick isn’t too low and isn’t longer than 1/4 inch high.

Candle Making Terminology: What Does Melt Pool Mean?

Melt Pool is the candle wax that has melted on the top of the candle. Ideally, you will want this to be all the way across the top of your candle to ensure an even burn.

Candle Making Terminology: What Does Mushrooming Mean in Candle Making?

When I notice black clumps on top of my wick, I know that it is mushrooming. While all wick produce this carbon as they burn, some are worse than others. Also, factors that clog the wick can increase the mushrooming effect. The CD wicks produce the least amount of mushrooming, but there isn’t a way to completely stop it due to it being a product of burning the wick.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Coloring

Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Color a Candle?Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Color a Candle?

There are a few different candle colorant options for your home made candles. First, you can use our Liquid Candle Dyes, which are extremely concentrated and will last a long time. Also, you can use a color block, which is made with paraffin, vegan, and can color up to 15 pounds of wax. Lastly, you can use a bit of powder dye. Just be careful not to use too much because it can clog your wick.

Candle Making Terminology: Can You Use Crayons to Make Candles?

We do not suggest using crayons to color candles. They don’t burn properly and are likely to clog your wick.

Candle Making Terminology: What is a UV Light Inhibitor?Candle Making Terminology: What is a UV Light Inhibitor?

Since UV light from the sun can bleach the color out of candles, the UV light inhibitor is used to protect the color of your candles. This candle ingredient is most useful for preventing fading in burgundy, blue, and violet candle colors due to direct sunlight.

Candle Making Terminology: How Do I Color My Candles White?

While titanium dioxide can be used to create white pillar candles, you don’t want to add it straight to your container candles as it can clog your wick.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Apearance

Candle Making Terminology: How Do I Get Rid of Wet Spots on My Candles?

Wet spots are air pockets that are formed when your candle didn’t adhere properly to your candle jar. You can take a few steps to prevent this if you are having problems. First, try warming your candle jars to give you wax more time to cool. Also, you can try pouring your wax at a hotter temperature. Another good tip is to make sure the room your are making your candles in a room that is warm.

Candle Making Terminology: What Is Frosting In Candle Making?

Frosting is the white stuff that appears on waxes that contain soy wax. You can use a heat gun or blow dryer to re-melt the surface and give it a smoother finish. While you can lessen the effect of frosting, you can’t eliminate it completely.

Candle Making Terminology: What Are Jump Lines?

These are the line that you can see on the side of either a container candle or a pillar candle.

Candle Making Terminology: Progression of Candles

As you can tell, there is a lot that goes into candle making. But, it is a process that has been developed overtime and takes time to master. If you are interested in learning a bit about the evolution of candles, then check out The History of Candles from Prehistoric Times Until Now by Pioneer Thinking.

Candle Making Terminology: Talk to UsCandle Making Terminology: Talk to Us

If you have any more questions about candle making, you can look at our candle making classes or just ask us! We are on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter (@ngscents).

May
14

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?


This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making questions, Candle Making Recipes, candle making supplies, candle molds, candle supplies, candle wicking, candle wicks, candles and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

WWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?hat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?

Welcome to the wonderful world of candle making! If you are new to the craft of making candles, then you may be thinking to yourself; What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles? While there are quite a few options out there, you just need to learn about your options and choosing gets simplified. At Natures Garden we strive to make sure that our customers never feel lost or alone while crafting. So, we try to provide you with as much information as you need as well as offer a Toll-Free H.U.G Line; HUG stands for Help U Grow. 1-866-647-2368. So, you can call us anytime to receive help. Furthermore, we are creating this blog to have all the basic information that you need to get started and have a reference for when you need it!

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: What Wax to Use for CandlesWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: What Wax to Use for Candles

One of the most important ingredients for making candles is the wax. Your candle wax is what determines the strength and quality of your candle. While you may think that you can just add more fragrance oil to increase the scent of your candles, this just isn’t true. In fact, once your candle wax has been saturated the fragrance oil will simply leak out and be wasted. Also, this leakage can lead to a potential fire hazard. So, it’s best to stay within the recommended amounts. You can check out the Candle Wax Information to figure out which type of canlde wax that you want!

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: AdditivesWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Additives

Additives are an option that candle makers have to include ingredients into their wax. This is done to try to enhance the quality of their final product. This can be beneficial for some waxes, but we don’t suggest using these additives in any preblended waxes.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: How to Make Candles With Crisco

One additive that you can include is Crisco shortening for some of your candles. About 1-2 ounces can be added per pound of paraffin candle wax. This will help to decrease wet spots, increase your melt pool, absorb fragrance oil, and help to decrease the chance of your fragrance sitting on the bottom of the pouring pot. So, this can be used to increase scent throw in candles made of this type of wax. But, you will find that a blended wax like our Joy Wax is already formulated to provide a great scent throw without adding any Crisco.

You will probably read differing opinions on using Crisco in your candles; however, if it had been such a bad idea, then wax manufacturers would not be making wax out of soy. Crisco is soy based. Use your own judgment on this one!

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Vybar

Another additive that is used to enhance candles is Vybar. This additive’s primary use is enhancing the scent throw. Plus, this ingredient will create a marble appearance on the top of the candle, which looks very cool! Another thing that this ingredient does is harden the wax consistency and raise the melt point. While some people use stearin, we believe that Vybar does the same thing with less issues.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: UV Light Protectors

If you want to sell your candles wholesale or want to have them keep their color for a long time, then you may want a UV Light InhibitorHowever, these can be expensive and aren’t necessary otherwise. Colors that you need to be most worried about are Blue, Violet, Burgundy, and sometimes pink. Also, even after adding this ingredient we would recommend keeping them out of direct sunlight as the sun will still be able to fade your color over time. If your find that your colors our still fading quite a bit even after adding this, then it could be due to your fragrance oil.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Petrolatum

Also, you can use petrolatum as a candle making additive. This ingredient will help increase the number of pores in the candle. So, you candle will be able to absorb even more fragrance oil. This means an even stronger scent! Plus, it will help your wax cling to the sides of your container. However, this may lead to a less clean burn and sometimes even smoking. So, there are some trade offs with this one.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Fragrance OilWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Fragrance Oil

The fragrance oil is another ingredient that is important for making wonderfully scented homemade candles. Firstly, you should make sure that the fragrance oil you want to use is not alcohol based, as this can be dangerous. Next, you will want to consider the concentration of your fragrance. Obviously, you want a good scent that hasn’t been diluted, like our fragrance oils, but there are some companies that dilute their scents and you should be cognizant of it. When using a concentrated fragrance oil, you can use about 1 ounce per pound of fragrance. If you try to use more, it will just be wasted. This is because the wax is already fully saturated and your fragrance will simply be left on the bottom of your pouring pot.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: ColorantsWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Colorants

Also, you have the option to add colorants to your candles. There are a few routes you can go for coloring your homemade candles. One thing that we’d like to note here is that candles aren’t a very good candle colorant. While there are many diy recipes on how to make candles out of crayons, we have found that candles should never be used if you want quality candles. Any amount of crayons added to your candles will cause smoking and will clog your wick. Instead, you can use liquid candle dye, color blocks, or powdered candle dye for your candles.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Liquid Candle DyeWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Liquid Candle Dye

First, you can use the Spectrum Liquid Candle Dyes to color your candles. These dyes are very concentrated, so it only take a little bit. Often a few drops or even a toothpicks amount will suffice. Make sure that you never use more than 10 drops of the liquid candle dye because it will cause a sight chemical smell that may ruin your scent! Plus, adding too much color can clog your wick, reduce the scent throw, create smoking, and may reduce the melt pool of your candle. But, as long as you stay under our recommended maximum you should be fine. Plus, the liquid dye allows you to make candles that have consistent coloring each time because you can simply count the number of drops you add to your melted wax.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Color BlocksWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Color Blocks

Next, you have the option of color blocks for your homemade candles. These candle coloring blocks are dye that has been concentrated in a wax medium. This block will provide enough color to deeply dye 15 pounds of wax in total. However, the color blocks do not provide as vibrant of a color compared to our liquid candle dye or a powdered candle dye. We have these colorants available in red, coral/peach, yellow, blue, green, purple, burgundy, brown, teal, cinnamon, and cranberry. You can mix these colors, but make sure not too add too much as it may clog your wick, cause smoking, reduce the melt pool, or inhibit scent throw. To use this colorant you can cut just a piece off the block and add it to your melting candle wax. Just make sure that your color blocks are fully melted before pouring your candle wax.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Powdered Candle DyesWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Powdered Candle Dyes

Lastly, you can use for your homemade candle creations. These are the most concentrated form of candle dye out there. You can use very small amounts of the dye to provide some vibrant color results. Plus, you can combine colors to create any color that you prefer! Also, you can add this powder to melted Stearic Acid to provide a better dispersion in your candle wax. Stearic acid can be added to your candle to help harden them. Also, you should avoid using too much as it could clog your wick, create more smoking, reduce the melt pool of your candle, or inhibit the scent throw.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Candle WicksWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Candle Wicks

Another important aspect to candle making is the wick. There are two things you need to consider when picking a wick, which are the type of wax you are using and the size of your container. First, you need to think about the type of wick that you want to use. While there is some preference involved, there are some wicks that will work better in certain types of waxes. You can see on the website for each wick or at the bottom of the Science of Candle Making page.

Next, we need to think about what size wick that we will need. The size of your wick will determine the radius of wax that the flame can cover. If the flame doesn’t reach the edges you will be wasting perfectly good candle wax. However, a wick that is too large can result in mushrooming or even smoking, or loss of scent.  So, you will need to make sure that you choose the correct sized wick for each of your different container sizes. If you need help figuring out which type of wick and the size you need then check out our Candle Wick Chart for sizing.

Also, you can check out our Types of Candle Wicks for a condensed version of candle wicking information.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: EquipmentWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Equipment

Next, we have some basic equipment is important for candle making and can potentially last forever. Both the pouring pot and thermometer are important pieces of equipment in the candle making process that you really can’t go without.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Pouring PotWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Pouring Pot

First, the pouring pot is great to have for your melting wax. If you are using a pot from your kitchen, then it will be nearly impossible to reclaim it for cooking. Plus, you won’t have the convenience of a pouring spout in a typical cooking pot. So, its best to just get a pouring pot that is more efficient for candle making.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: ThermometerWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Thermometer

Also, the thermometer is crucial for making sure that your wax is used properly. Firstly, this allows you to monitor the temperature to prevent you from getting your wax to hot. If your wax gets hotter than 200 degrees Fahrenheit, in some cases, it will burn. At this temperature the wax’s molecules begin to break down and the wax will take on a burnt smell. Another issue that this helps you with is pouring your wax at the right temperature. You need to make sure that your candles are poured at the temperature recommended for the candle wax you are using.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Worlds Largest Candle

In the spirit of candle making, we figured we would talk about the largest candle ever! According to Waymarking.com, the largest candle in the world is in South Deerfield, MA. It is a big, red giant made of 1,377 pounds of wax and standing about 6 feet tall. If you are curious in seeing this phenomenal candle, then check out the World’s Largest Candle in World’s Largest Candle Store.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Learn With Us

If you are interested in learning more about candle-making, you can find more details in the Natures Garden candle manual. Also, you can reach out to us at Natures Garden with any other questions that you may have. One great way to reach out to us is through social media. We are on Facebook, Twitter (@ngscents), and Instagram (@ngscents). We hope to hear from you soon!