Tag Archives: learn to make candles

May
09

Types of Candle Wicks


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Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks

Choosing the right wick for your homemade candles is one of the most important parts of candle making! The candle’s wick is what feeds the flame to keep it going, as the wick collects the candle wax vapor as the wax is heated. So, a good wick will keep your flame burning evenly and for a long time! Since there are many types of candle wicks, we thought it would be useful to have a guide with candle wick information all in one place. So, this blog explains the importance of choosing the best wick along with some details on the wicks available from Natures Garden!

Types of Candle Wicks: Choosing a TypeTypes of Candle Wicks: Choosing a Type

There are three main types that nearly all candle wicks fall into. First, we have the most common type of candle wick, which are flat wicks. These are usually made from three bundles of fiber knitted together and are very consistent in burning. Plus, they curl in the flame for a self-trimming effect. Second, we have square wicks, which are often braided or knitted. These will curl in the flame, but are a bit more rounded than flat wicks and are better able to resist clogging. Lastly, we have the cored wicks, which use a core material around the braided wick to keep it upright. These wicks have a round cross section and use different materials, like cotton, paper, zinc, or tin, to keep the wick upright.

Types of Candle Wicks: Why Are Wicks Different Sizes?Types of Candle Wicks: Why Are Wicks Different Sizes?

Choosing the proper wick is very important.  The size and type you need depends on the size container and type of wax you use. Every candle is unique and many come in different shapes and sizes, so wicks come in different sizes too!  For the wick, both its length and width have a purpose for the candle. Also, you will need to know that the different numbers signify the size of the wick. This means that a CD-10 wick is more narrow than a CD-12, which is why the CD-12 wick can cover a larger candle radius compared to the CD-10.  We should also note, when a candle wick is created, it is then coated in wax.  At times, this coating can make a smaller wick appear larger than a bigger sized wick.  It’s not really larger, it simply has a thicker wax coating than the larger candle wick.

Types of Candle Wicks: Why is my candle wick mushrooming?

One issue that you can have due to choosing the wrong size wick is mushrooming. This is when a build up of carbon forms on your wick and creates a sort of mushroom-like shape. If your wick is too large for you container, then your candle will burn way too fast. This rapid burning leads to an increased amount of build up in a short time and causes the mushrooming appearance.

Types of Candle Wicks: What is tunneling in candles?

Another issue that you could run into is tunneling. This is when the flame doesn’t burn all the way to the edges, which leaves a ring around the outside. Not only does this waste parts of you candle that could’ve been put to good use, but this can make it difficult to relight as the flame begins to drop further. Some times you can have this with the correct sized wick, but there are ways to prevent this from happening. For example, a memory burn and longer burns can make sure that all of the wax is used as the flame burns. However, a wick that is too small for your container will tunnel no matter what you do.

Types of Candle Wicks: CD Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: CD Candle Wicks

First, we have the CD Candle Wicks – 100 count, which are made of a flat, cotton braid with a special paper around it. This is perfect for a hot flame as this gives the wick excellent capillary action. Also, this wick will provide a cleaner burn, is basically self- trimming, and can be used in any type of wax. If you are looking for the best wick for soy wax or vegetate wax, then this is a good option to try out! So, its no wonder why this wick is a favorite for many of us  at Natures Garden

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for CD Candle Wicks
  • CD5 candle wicks- Use with votives and containers 2 inch in diameter.
  • CD7 candle wicks- Use with containers approximately 2.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD10 candle wicks- Use with Medium sized containers approximately 3 inches in diameter.
  • CD 12 candle wicks- Use with medium sized containers approximately 3- 3.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD14 candle wicks- Use with Large sized containers approximately 4 inches in diameter.
  • CD16 candle wicks- Use with large sized containers approximately 4.25 inches in diameter.
  • CD18 candle wicks- Use with large containers approximately 4.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD20 candle wicks- Use with extra large containers approximately 5 inches in diameter.
  • CD 22 candle wicks- Extra large wick for use in large containers approximately 5.5 inches in diameter.

Types of Candle Wicks: Hemp Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: Hemp Candle Wicks

Next, we have the Hemp Candle Wicks- 100 count. These are braided wicks like many candle wicks, but they use natural hemp fibers instead of the typical cotton fibers. This makes the wick more rigid, so it can stay more on its own. Plus, these fibers allow the candle wick to provide a hotter burn. This wick can be used perfectly for any and all candle waxes. Plus, this wick is another great one to try for anyone looking for the best wick for soy wax!

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for Hemp Candle Wicks
  • 838 Hemp candle wicks- use for votives and small candles- 1.5 to 2 inch diameter.
  • 1400 Hemp candle wicks- use for large candles- 2.5 to 3 inch diameter.
  • 60048 Hemp candle wicks- use with extra large candles- 3.5 to 4 inch diameter.

Types of Candle Wicks: HTP Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: HTP Candle Wicks

Also, you can try out the HTP Candle Wicks – 100 Count. These wicks are mad from a blend of paper fibers and cotton fibers that create a flat, braided design. This design provides the wick with a hotter and cleaner burn that you are sure to enjoy! Plus, this wick’s cleaner burn is able to reduce any issues with either smoking or mushrooming. Although these wicks can be used effectively in any kind of candle wax, we would recommend these wicks for your Gel Wax or Soy Wax. HTP wick’s performance for these two types of wax is phenomenal!

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for HTP Candle Wicks
  • HTP-31 candle wick (2.5 inch) (20mm tab, 3mm neck)- Use for votives or small containers with a diameter of approximately 1.5 inches.
  • HTP-52 candle wick (4 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for containers with a diameter of approximately 2.5 inches.
  • HTP-73 candle wicks (6 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for medium sized containers with a diameter of approximately 3 inches.
  • HTP-83 candle wicks (7 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for medium sized containers with a diameter of approximately 3.5 inches.
  • HTP-104 candle wicks (7 inch) (20mm tab, 6mm neck)- Use for large containers with a diameter of approximately 4 inches.
  • HTP-1212 candle wicks (7 inch) (20mm tab, 6mm neck)-Use for extra large containers with a diameter of approximately 4.5 inches.

Types of Candle Wicks: Zinc Core Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: Zinc Core Candle Wicks

Lastly, we have the Zinc Core Candle Wicks- 100 wicks. These wicks are the most popular for creating homemade candles. These wicks have a cotton fiber braid surrounded by a zinc core.  Also, these wicks can be used in all applications.This style of wick is great for creating container candles as the zinc core allows the wick to stand up. While you can use these wicks in vegetable waxes, you will need to go up a size on your wick. Instead of using the normal size wick for your container, just get a size bigger as these wicks don’t burn as hot as other candle wicks.

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide For Zinc Core Candle Wicks
  • 1 3/4 inch zinc core candle wick (44-20-18z)- great for tealights, and small containers with a diameter of about 1 inch.
  • 2 1/2 inch zinc core candle wick (44-28-18z)- great for votives, and containers with a diameter of about 2 inches.
  • 7 inch zinc core candle wick (44-24-18z)- great for candles with diameter of 2-2.5 inch diameter.
  • 7 inch zinc core candle wick (51-32-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of about 2.5 to 3 inches.
  • 6 inch zinc core candle wick (44-28-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of about 2-2.75 inches. Also, a nice wick for cylinder candles.
  • 7 inch Extra Large zinc Core candle wick (62-52-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of 3 inches to 4 inches.
  • 3 inch self centering zinc core candle wick (44-24-18z)- great for votives and candles with the diameter of 2-2.5 inches. These wicks self center themselves due to their 33 mm wick tabs.

Types of Candle Wicks: Spooled Candle WickingTypes of Candle Wicks: Spooled Candle Wicking

Another fun option to consider when choosing your wicks is the Spooled Candle Wicking- 8 oz. Roll. You can get about 400 feet of this spooled candle wick in either the 44-24-18 zinc core candle wicking or the 34-30 cotton wicking. According to our own candle testing, both of these types of wicks will be able to handle a diameter of between 2 inches and 3 inches. So, this wicking could be beneficial for making pillar candles, as they are taller than most of our other wicks. Further, you can cut each wick to the exact size. This means you will have less wasted wicking due to trimming.

Types of Candle Wicks: Candle Wick TabsTypes of Candle Wicks: Candle Wick Tabs

Additionally, you may want to get Candle Wick Tabs – 1/2 Pound to go along with your spool of wicking. These tabs come in a few different sizes that vary in width and neck height. The width of the tab gives your wick a base to hold the wick in place. There are 15mm, which are great for tea lights, and 20mm, which are most popular for candle making. The neck size controls how far down the wick will burn and protects the bottom of the container from getting too hot, without this the candle glass could over heat and break. This comes in either the 3mm, which is most common for candle making, or the 6mm, which is good for gel wax candles. Unless you are making tea lights or using gel wax, you will likely want to use the 20mm standard 3mm neck tabs.

Types of Candle Wicks: Votive Candle Wick PinTypes of Candle Wicks: Votive Candle Wick Pin

While the Votive Candle Wick Pin isn’t necessary a wick, it can be very useful tool for wicking! If you want to create fun candles without containers, then the wick pin is a great way to keep your wick centered. While this pin was designed to create votive candles with perfectly centered wicks, this pin is great for other fun shapes, too! We have use this pin to create cupcake candles, smores candles, and so much more! This particular pin is 2 and 5/16 inches tall, so you can use it for smaller candle designs and, of course, votive candles.

Types of Candle Wicks: History of Candles

According to the National Candle Association, candles are an ancient tool that have evolved right along side mankind. Beginning as primitive candles with reeds or beeswax, early Egyptian and Roman societies used these to light their homes and perform ceremonies. Then, the candles changed over the centuries as the ingredients were improved and changed. Overtime, they went from a source of light to a method of scenting the home, as we use them today. If you are interested in how candles have changed though time, the History of Candles article has some interesting details of what was used for all kinds of different candles from the past.

Types of Candle Wicks: Give Us a ShoutTypes of Candle Wicks: Give Us a Shout

We hope that you learned something new that you can use in future candle making. If you are interested in learning more, then you can find more detailed information on either our wicking chart or Science of Candle Wicking Class. Also, you can reach out to us at Natures Garden with any other unanswered questions. An easy way to contact us is through social media. We are available on our Facebook page. Also, you can find us on Instagram and Twitter with @ngscents. We can’t wait to hear from you!

Note: We do not accept returns on our wicks, so we advise you to purchase sample packs before committing to a larger sized bag of wicks.

Apr
30

Plumeria Candle Recipe


This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making supplies, Natures Garden, Natures Garden Fragrance Oils, wholesale fragrance oils and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

Plumeria Candle RecipePlumeria Candle Recipe

If you are looking for some beautiful candle making recipes, then you will definitely want to check out our Plumeria Candle Recipe! This Natures Garden recipe is perfect for creating a gorgeous, floral scented candle that is absolutely gorgeous. Plus, this recipe walks you through creating homemade flower wax embeds for your candles! Together, the floral scent of our Plumeria Fragrance Oil and the flower wax embeds creates a unique recipe that you will absolutely want to try out!

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Ingredients Available From Natures Garden

Joy Wax

Sunflower Wax

Plumeria Fragrance Oil

CD Candle Wicks (100 wicks)

Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye Burgundy

Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye- Purple

Pouring Pot

Thermometer

Silicone Soap Mold (optional)

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Other Ingredients and Supplies

Mixing Spoon

Hot Glue Gun

Stove

Scale

A Pot (for double boiler)

Apothecary Jar

Toothpicks

Paper Bowl and Wax Paper (or Silicone Soap Mold)

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Weights and Amounts

3 ounces of the Joy Wax

30 grams of the Sunflower Wax

3 grams of the Plumeria Fragrance Oil

A tiny bit of the Burgundy Liquid Candle Dye

A Few Drops of the Purple Liquid Candle Dye

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Sanitize and Prepare Your Work Space

Before you begin creating your scented candles, you will want to organize and clean your work space. You can start by making sure you have enough space to work on your candle. Also, you will need to wipe down your work space. Next, you will want to gather your supplies and equipment. If any of your equipment is dirty, then make sure that you wash them before beginning your project. After everything has been cleaned and prepared, you are ready to move on to the next step.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare Double Boiler

For this recipe, you are going to need a double boiler. If you know how to create a double boiler for candlemaking, then move on to your recipe. Otherwise, we can explain to you how it works. Since you will need to use an pouring pot, this will act as the inner portion of your double boiler. The pouring pot will hold your melting wax and will be placed inside the larger pot. The larger pot will hold the heated water. Now that the double boiler has been made, it will be placed on the stove top on medium heat to melt your wax.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Get the Sunflower Wax Ready

First, you will need to use the double boiler to melt the Sunflower Wax. So, weigh out 30 grams of this wax and add it to the double boiler. As the wax melts, you should be mixing every so often. While the double boiler will help prevent scorching, you should keep an eye on it and stir occasionally. After your wax has entirely melted, you will be ready to move on to the next steps for coloring and scenting.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Adding the Candle ColorantPlumeria Candle Recipe: Adding the Candle Colorant

Then, you will be adding some candle colorant to your melted Sunflower Wax. Since we are going to be adding less than a drop of the liquid dye, we will need a toothpick to add this amount. So, take the toothpick and dip it into the purple Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye to your Sunflower Wax. Then, you will need to swirl the dipped toothpick in the melted wax. Make sure that you mix this well to fully incorporate the color.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Scent the Sunflower WaxPlumeria Candle Recipe: Scent the Sunflower Wax

Next, you are going to want to scent your freshly melted wax.  We will be using Plumeria Fragrance Oil, which is perfect for this candle and has a gorgeous floral scent. This fragrance is a sweet, fruity floral aroma that is composed of tropical Plumeria flowers, fresh fruity top notes, on a lovely green bottom. So, take three grams of this delightful candle oil and add it to the melted Sunflower Oil.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Preparing Your Flower Parts

Now,  you are going to start preparing the wax for your flower candle embeds. This wax will need to be a thin layer, which we will use to cut out the flowers. One way you can create this is pouring a small amount into the bottom of a mold, like the square loaf mold. Alternatively, you can line a pan with wax paper and pour a thin layer of wax in this. Either way, you will need to remove the wax at a point where it has set up but still warm.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Cut Out Your Flower PartsPlumeria Candle Recipe: Cut Out Your Flower Parts

Once your thin layers of wax are set up, you will want to cut out your petals and circles. You can use a knife, toothpick, or anything that you have that is pointy and tough enough to cut out your shapes. Also, you will need to have two circles and about twelve or so petals. The exact number of petals you will need depends on their size. Since you will need a couple extra petals on top of the candle, you will want to make a few extra petals. So, the exact number that you need for your flowers isn’t extremely important yet.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Creating the Other Flower PartsPlumeria Candle Recipe: Creating the Other Flower Parts

Now, you are going to need to repeat these previous steps using two different colors. For one of the rounds you will use one drop of purple liquid candle colorant. After these pieces are created, you can move on to the last set of flower parts. The last round will be colored with a tiny amount of the burgundy candle colorant. Again, you can use a toothpick to add this color to your melted Sunflower Wax.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare the Candle JarPlumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare the Candle Jar

Before we start adding the candle wax to the container, you will need to prepare the candle jar. So, heat up your hot glue gun to adhere two of the CD-12 candle wicks to the bottom of your jar. You will want to make sure that they are as straight and even as possible. Otherwise, your finished candle won’t burn evenly and could result in tunneling. Plus, awkwardly placed wicks could ruin the pretty design! So, it would be best to be careful on this step.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare the Purple LayerPlumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare the Purple Layer

Now, we are ready to create the first layer for our scented candle. We will start by weighing 3 ounces of Joy Wax and melting it in the double boiler. Remember to mix the melting wax every so often. Once this is melted we are going to add in the colorant. Put two drops of the purple Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye into the melted wax and stir to fully incorporate the color.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Pouring the Bottom LayerPlumeria Candle Recipe: Pouring the Purple Layer

Next, you are going to scent and pour the purple layer. So, add 0.3 ounces of the Plumeria Fragrance Oil to the melted purple wax and mix to incorporate the scent. After, you are ready to pour this layer into the jar. Once this layer has been carefully poured into the jar you will need to straighten your wicks before the wax sets up. You may want to have something across the top of the jar to steady your wicks.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Adding the Wax Embed Flowers Plumeria Candle Recipe: Adding the Wax Embed Flowers

Now, you are ready to start setting up your embed flowers. So, you are going to begin adhering your flower parts to the jar. Start by pressing one of your circles to the inside of the glass jar. Make sure that you hold the wax circle in place by pressing gently until it has completely adhered. Then, adhere the petals of a different color around the circle in a similar fashion to the picture to the left. You will continue to evenly space out the rest of your flowers around the jar. We had six flowers total, but this amount may vary depending on the size of your petals.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Preparing the White LayerPlumeria Candle Recipe: Preparing the White Layer

Next, you are going to create the white layer for behind your wax flower embeds. So, weigh out 11 ounces of Joy Wax and add it to the apothecary jar. You will need to melt the wax using the double boiler method with occasional mixing. After, you will need to add 1.1 ounces of the Plumeria Fragrance Oil. Before you go to pour in this layer you need to measure the temperature. Otherwise, you could possibly melt and mess up your wax flower embeds! Use a thermometer to determine when your wax has dropped to about 150 F, which is a safe temperature range to pour your white layer. Once it reaches this temperature you can pour in this layer.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Allow the White Layer to Set UpPlumeria Candle Recipe: Allow the White Layer to Set Up

Now that you poured in the white layer into the base of your candle, your creation is nearly complete! Just make sure that both of your wicks are centered. Make sure that you center your wicks before this white layer completely sets up. Then, you just need to wait for this top layer to harden and set up. Once your white layer has set up you can move on to creating the whipped topping.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare the Whipped WaxPlumeria Candle Recipe: Prepare the Whipped Wax

Next, we are going to create the whipped wax topping for this candle. So, weigh out 8 ounces of Joy Wax and put it into the apothecary pot. After the wax has completely melted, you can add 0.8 ounces of the Plumeria Fragrance Oil. After, let your wax begin to set up. Before it completely sets up, you will need to whip the wax. Once the wax is well whipped and before it completely sets up, you can put the wax on top of the base of your candle.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Decorating the Top of the CandlePlumeria Candle Recipe: Decorating the Top of the Candle

Immediately after adding your whipped wax you will want to start adding your extra petals to the top of your candle. This will make sure that your petals stick to the candle and won’t fall off. So, start taking your differently colored petals and placing them on top of the candle. Make sure that you press them lightly into the wax, so they are able to stay in place. Once all your petals have been placed, use a pencil to curl your two candle wicks.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Letting Your Candles Set UpPlumeria Candle Recipe: Letting Your Candles Set Up

Finally, your candles are complete! But, you are going to want to wait a day or two for your candle to cure before using your candle. While it can be tempting to use your candle early, it will be worth the wait and work so much better after letting it cure! Allowing your candle to cure for 24-48 hours will give the wax time to absorb the scent and provide a better scent throw.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: History of Plumeria Plumeria Candle Recipe: History of Plumeria

If you love the aroma of the Plumeria Fragrance Oil, then you may want to learn more about the history of this gorgeous, tropical flower. One interesting fact about these exotic flowers is that their origin was not actually Hawaii. While the gorgeous Plumeria flowers are commonly associated with these exotic islands, these were actually brought to Hawaii from Mexico in the nineteenth century. However, this beautiful flower has been incorporated in many lovely, tropical lands, like Hawaii, the Carribean, Indonesia, and many others! For those that are interested in finding out more, you can learn even more about this flower and others by clicking here to read all about the Plumeria History by Tropical Flowers and Plants.

Plumeria Candle Recipe: Find Us On Social Media

Reaching out to Natures Garden on social media is a quick and easy way to get questions answered, share your creations, or see what we are up to. Not only would we love to see what you have created with our products, but we are often creating new and exciting craft recipes. So, there is always a great reason to find us online. You can find us on the Natures Garden Facebook page. Also, we are available on both Twitter and Instagram with @ngscents. We hope to hear from you soon!