Tag Archives: candle making

Dec
06

Candle Making Equipment Continued

This entry was posted in candle additives, candle colorants, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, candle molds, Fragrance Oils, Natures Garden and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

candle making equipmentThis is a list of candle making equipment.  Whether you are just making a few candles as gifts for loved ones, or possibly venturing into the candle making industry; this is the equipment you will need to get started.  Please note:  Once this equipment has been used to make fragranced candles, it cannot be used again for food purposes.

Other Equipment

Pouring Pots- Coffee cans used to be perfect pouring pots when they were made of metal.  By simply bending the lip on one side of the coffee can, you could make a perfect spout to pour candles.  Metal coffee cans still exist, they are just harder to come by now.  If you do choose to use metal coffee cans as pouring pots, remember to have plenty of heat resistant safety gloves or pot holders available to assist you in holding the hot can.  This only works for metal coffee cans; most companies that sell coffee use plastic cans now.  Unfortunately, these types of cans cannot handle the heat from the melted wax and they will melt; compromising your candle wax and making a big mess to clean up.

Pouring pots, however, are great for candle making.  Not only can they hold up to 4 pounds of melted wax, but they also have a plastic handle on them so there is less chance of burning your hand.

In an ideal situation, you will have a pouring pot for each fragrance that you use to make candles.  For example, if you carry Apple Cinnamon (red), Blueberry Muffin (blue), Fresh Bamboo (green), and Vanilla Silk (no color), that would equate to 4 total pouring pots.  This works because you would never have to worry about jeopardizing your color accuracy or fragrance aromas in finished candles.  But, this is only ideally.  If you are just starting out, one pouring pot will work.  You just have to make sure you thoroughly clean your pouring pot after each use.  You also want to make sure you clean the outside and underneath portion of the pouring pot.  Having debris or wax on the bottom of your pouring pot could result in splatter when the pouring pot is placed in the water to maintain wax temperature.  The hot splatter can be painful.  This splatter is also a reason why wearing safety glasses while making candles is a very good idea.

Candy Thermometer- Wax temperature is everything when making candles.  Usually, if there are problems with your finished candles, temperature has something to do with what went wrong.  Using a thermometer to monitor your temperature in wax is one way to prevent these problems from occurring.  For best results in candle making, pour any single pour waxes at 145-150 degrees Fahrenheit, and any votive or pillar wax at 160-165 degrees Fahrenheit.

Votive and Candle Molds- After purchasing multiple votive molds, you will notice when you receive them, they will be stacked together.  Make sure when you try to pull them apart you are wearing heavy duty gloves.  The edges of stainless steel votives are extremely sharp.  Attempting to pull them apart without gloves will cause cuts on your fingers.

When working with candle molds or votive molds, you always want to make sure that before you pour the hot candle wax into the mold that they are at room temperature.  Completing this one little step will save you the headache of trying to release the candle later.

As for the cleaning process for these types of molds, rub a small amount of shortening in the inside and outside of the molds.  Then, place the molds on a cookie sheet upside down.  Once the cookie sheet has been carefully placed inside the oven, bake at 150 degrees Fahrenheit for 10-15 minutes.  Once the time has elapsed, simply remove the cookie sheet and wipe the individual molds clean.  Caution:  The molds will be hot when taken out of the oven, so you may want to use pot holders.  Please Note:  Never use water with your metal molds.

Work Environment-  Having a favorable work environment for candle making is a must.  Once again, it is all about temperature, and having a room that is 70 degrees Fahrenheit is optimal for the best candle making situation.  Proper ventilation in the room is necessary, but you also have to remember rooms that have drafts will not work for the natural cooling stages of your candles.  Candles that cool too quickly will give you problems with your finished candles aesthetic look or functionality.

Work Clothes- These items may sound silly, but you never want to risk wearing one of your favorite outfits while making candles.  No matter how neat and careful you are, candle dye is permanent, and getting wax, even the smallest amount, on your clothing will ruin them.

Floor Protection-  When making candles, a small spill can have detrimental affects to your work area.  Besides the facts that candle dyes are permanent, wax messes are not the easiest to clean up, and spilled fragrance oil on a floor is super slippery, you do not want to take any chances especially if your work environment is your kitchen.  By purchasing floor mats, or simply placing cardboard on the floor in your work area, you can prevent havoc from occurring.  For you own personal safety, this is one perfect work environment step you do not want to skip.

Stainless Steel Measuring Cups and Spoons- When it comes to measurements for colorants, additives, and fragrance oils, you will want to have your very own candle making stainless steel tools for this portion of the job.  Fragrance oils will dissolve certain plastics, stainless steel measurers will not dissolve and can be cleaned time and time again without staining or scent memory.

Aug
24

Smores Candle Recipe

This entry was posted in candle making supplies, candle molds, candle recipe, candle scents, candle wax, smores candle recipe and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

lynn1

Smores Candle Recipe brought to you by Lynn of Natures Garden

As many of you know, we are currently having a Natures Garden’s staff challenge.  Our staff members are challenged to choose some of their favorite fragrances and create a product with them. smores-candle-big This challenge allows staff members to have hands-on experience with our products, and it has the potential to provide inspirational ideas for our customers.  WIN-WIN!

Lynn has been with Natures Garden many years, and she has years of experience making candles.  In her spare time, she sells her finished candles at craft bazaars.  Lynn said that she is always trying to come up with new and exciting candles to sell at bazaars.  She came up with the smores candle idea, and I was excited to see the end result.  She nailed it!  Her candles made we want to make real smores to eat!

For those of you who do not know Lynn, she is hard-working, creative, and she said that her motto in life is:  “Live life to its fullest” and “Never give up on your dreams”.  We are quite honored to have her as part of our staff.  Thank you Lynn!

For complete instructions on how to make Lynn’s Smores Candle, please click here.

www.naturesgardencandles.com

Aug
22

What should I charge for my candles?

This entry was posted in candle making, candle making questions, candle making supplies, candle scents, candle supplies, candle wax, candle wicks, candles, fragrance oil, Natures Garden, Natures Garden Wholesale and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

candle price

Customers frequently ask us this question:  What should I charge my customers for my candles? 

This is a question that many candle makers often ask.  Knowing what to charge for your candles is a pivotal point in your business.  You want your price of the candles that you sell to be competitive.  You also want to remember that the candle price should also reflect not only your cost but the time that you put into your candle making procedure as well.

What to charge for my candles?  When I made and sold finished candles, I had an easy equation that I used to figure out the price I would charge my customers for my candles.  First, I added up all of my expenses.  This told me how much it cost me to make the candle I was going to sell.  When I sold my candles at wholesale prices to stores, I charged the customer double what I paid to make the candle.  When I sold directly to retail customers myself (without sales reps involved), I charged the customer triple what I paid to make the candle.

After I was in business a while, I realized that in order to sell more products, I would need to get help from other people.  That is where Independent Sales Reps were introduced in my candle company.  When a candle sale was made by a sales rep, the sales rep received 1/3 of every sale, 1/3 went to cover the cost of making the candle, and 1/3 was my profit.

Fundraisers were conducted the very same way:  1/3 of the sale went to the non-profit organization, 1/3 went to cover the cost of making the products, and 1/3 went to me as profit.

To view how hiring an independent sales rep for your business can help to increase your sales, please click on this link.

I hope this helps you when you price out your candles.

Happy Candle Making!

Deborah of Natures Garden

Jul
29

What Are Wet Spots in Candles?

This entry was posted in candle making, candle making supplies, candle wax, candles, Fragrance Oils, homemade candles, Natures Garden, scent throw, wet spots and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .
soy464

Using a wax like Golden Foods Soy Wax 464, and a few preventative measures can help eliminate wet spots from your candles.

 

What are Wet Spots in Candles?

The term “wet spots” in candle making refers to the spots or patches in container candles that appear to have air, or a wet spot showing through the glass or transparent container and the candle wax.  Wet spots are extremely common and are one of the most common complaints among candle makers.   However, wet spots will not inhibit the functionality of your candle, just the aesthetic appeal.

What causes Wet Spots?

1.  Pouring hot candle wax into too cold of a container.
2.  Pouring your melted candle wax at a temperature much cooler than what is suggested.
3.  Using a pillar/votive wax for container candles instead of a container wax that is formulated for that purpose.
4.  Cooling your candles too fast; subjecting your candles to an environment which has drafts or is lower than 70-72 degrees.
5.  Pouring candle wax into dirty containers.

How to Avoid Wet Spots?

1.  Try to eliminate or prevent wet spots by thoroughly washing and drying your containers before using.  This will get any dust or debris out that may have fallen into your jars.

2.  Be sure to use a container wax so that your wax adheres properly to your container.  Votive/pillar waxes are not suggested for container candles.  Wax like Golden Foods Soy Wax 464, is a great start.  This type of soy wax has a wonderful adhesion to glass containers, therefore minimizing the chances of getting wet spots.

3.  Heat your jars/containers at the lowest setting on a cookie sheet in the oven for twenty minutes prior to filling them.  This also allows for the candle wax to cool slowly which allows for better adhesion to the container.

4.  Another thing that tends to reduce the occurrence of wet spots is pouring your candles inside the box the candle jars came in.  This helps to insulate your candles while they cool slowly.  Allow your candles to set up at room temperature, in a room that has no drafts.

5.  If you start to see the wet spots taking place as the candle is cooling, this means you should consider increasing your pour temperature.  Testing with a thermometer is key here.  Follow the manufacturer’s recommended pour temperature.

 

Jul
16

What are Jump Lines in Candles?

This entry was posted in candle making, candle making supplies, candle molds, candle scents, candle wax, Fragrance Oils, homemade candles, Natures Garden and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , on by .
jump-lines1

We tried numerous times to recreate jump lines, however because of our flaming awesomeness, every candle was jump-line-less. So, we had to find a stock photo that best represents jump lines.

What are Jump Lines in Candles

Jump lines are the visible horizontal rings that occur on the sides of your candles.  These lines look like ridges and prevent your candle from having a smooth finish.  Ideally, to have a perfect candle pour, your candle wax will still be in a complete liquid state once it has been poured into your container/pillar.  This is the best shot you can give your candle to completely and uniformly cool naturally, therefore decreasing your chances of getting jump lines.  All candle wax has to conform to the sides of the container/pillar mold at the same rate of time.  This provides for the smooth finish of a candle.

In candle making when you are pouring the hot wax, it will begin to cool as soon as it hits the jar.  As this happens, you will visibly be able to see wax layers materialize.  If you do not pour quickly enough, the wax will naturally start to harden and stick to the wall of the container/ pillar mold.  Since the temperature of the jar stays consistent, there is no heat source to re-melt the wall portion, therefore showing each line of cooled wax aka jump lines. 

How do you prevent jump lines from occurring?

Jump lines can occur for several reasons, the first of which is intentionally.  Jump lines can also be created on purpose to give candles a textured look.  Since jump lines are an aesthetic thing, they do not have any kind of effect on the candles burn or scent throw. 

One of the first things as a preventative measure that you can do is pour your wax at the correct temperature.  You can do this by using a candy thermometer.  You may have to increase your pouring temperature to adjust for jump lines.  This is where testing and note taking will come into play.  As always, it is of the utmost importance for candle making that your jars and/or pillars are room temperature.  The second measure you can take is to heat your jars at the lowest setting on a cookie sheet in the oven for twenty minutes prior to filling them.

Another important factor in combating jump lines is your pouring rate.  Obviously, you do not want to pour fast, this will result in wax splashing everywhere.  And, adversely, you do not want to pour so slowly that you can actually see the jump lines establishing themselves in the candle.  Find your pouring medium.  If you are seeking a fool proof way to prevent jump lines from the pouring stage, try counting seconds or singing a lyric of a song.  These tricks will help you stay uniform with your pour.

How to correct jump lines?

Although all of the steps mentioned earlier are great ways to prevent jump lines, once they have occurred in your candles you really only have a one option.  Using a heat gun or hair dryer to heat the outside of the candle will remelt the outside layer of the wax, this will mask the jump lines from visible view, but once again, jump lines have no direct effect on a candle.

Jul
06

Where can I buy Candle Making Supplies

This entry was posted in candle dye, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, candle scents, candle wicks and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , on by .
where can I buy candle making supplies

Where can I buy candle making supplies?

 

Where can I buy candle making supplies?

Have you been asking yourself this question?  Well, we have the answer:  Natures Garden Candle Making Supplies!  Natures Garden has supplied the candle making market with ingredients to make candles for 13+ years; both hobbyists and small business owners.  We offer an array of candle waxes including soy wax, palm wax, paraffin wax, parasoy wax, and gel wax.  We offer a fabulously, vivid line of candle colorants in the form of liquid candle dyes and color blocks.  Wicks…you say you need candle wicks?  We not only carry a wide variety of candle wicks, we also provide candle wick sampler packs that allow you to test wicks at a very low price.  Candle additives such as vybar, stearic acid, and UV light protector, we carry those too.

What Natures Garden is truly known for is our candle fragrances!  We offer 800+ fragrance oils for making candles, and our list just keeps on growing and growing.  In fact, in 2012, we were voted the Favorite Fragrance Oil Supplier by candle makers and soap makers.  Our quality is exceptional.  Our prices are very reasonable.  Our service is impeccable.

So, give Natures Garden candle supplies a try!  More than 100,000 customers worldwide have answered the question:  Where can I buy candle making supplies by responding:  Natures Garden.

Jun
27

What Causes Sinkholes in Candles

This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, how to make candles, make candles, sink holes candles and tagged , , , , , , , , , on by .
fragrance oils

We purposely created a “problem” candle to demonstrate a sinkhole. In this example, the wick is not centered, the wax was poured at too hot of a temperature, and too high in the jar. We also purposely used a pillar wax (instead of a container wax that we should have used). Result: Massive tunneling sinkhole! YUCK!

What Causes Sinkholes in Candles?

Regardless of whether you are making container, pillar, or votive candles, sometimes sinkholes will occur regardless of how cautious and meticulous you are when crafting your candles.

Sinkholes are the arch nemesis of any candle.  You pour your heart and soul into your perfectly executed craft only to find after your long awaited set up time has elapsed that you have a dreaded sinkhole.  Ohhh the hatred.

Sinkholes are the crater like openings around your wick.  They vary in size and depth, and have a direct effect on how your candle wick functions.  Sinkholes occur naturally from the process of the wax setting up.  As wax is heated to melt it into liquid form, the wax expands literally taking up more space as it changes form from solid to liquid.  On the flip side then, as wax is cooling, hardening back to it’s original solid state; it begins to retract and in essence shrink.  If the wax cools too quickly though, the liquid will begin to harden where it sits without filling in the open areas from retracting.  This is the reasoning as to why sink holes can appear in your candles.  However, this is only one factor to consider.  Although sinkholes are easily fixed with re pours, there are a few precautions and tips that we have found to help minimize sinkholes in candles.

The key to remember:  Temperature is Everything

The best working environment for setting up your candle making station is somewhere with ventilation as well as a controlled 70 degree temperature, without any drafts or breezes.

In order to achieve the best candle possible temperature must be monitored.  We know the effects of pouring a candle below the suggested degree, adding a fragrance at an incorrect temperature, and even melting/pouring wax too hot.  Containers and molds are just as finicky when it comes to sinkholes in candles.  In order to truly allow your candle to set up naturally, there must be no variances in temperature.  Any containers or molds that touch the melted wax must be at room temperature.  Natures Garden suggests two options in prepping your molds and containers.  If applicable, place your container/mold in a room temperature setting with enough time prior to their use to allow them to naturally come to that degree.  This is especially true for those of you that keep your glassware in the basement or garage in the winter months.  Your second option is to place your containers/molds on a cookie sheet, and then in the oven on the lowest setting for 15-20 minutes.  This is the quick way to warm your containers/molds.

When pouring your melted wax into your room temperature container/mold, it is just as important that your candle has a chance to cool in a uniform matter.  What this means is that the outside portion of the container/mold should cool in its own natural time.  Shocking the wax to harden by means of refrigeration or a fan will allow for the candles exterior to harden too quickly before the inside area of the candle wax has a chance to naturally release trapped air.  This trapped air is another factor that causes sinkholes in candles or small pin sized bubbles in your finished votives.

Because temperature plays such a crucial role in candlemaking, anytime you need to do a second pour the magical time is 2 hrs.  Doing a second pour too early or too late on a cooling candle can have big flaws on the physical look of your completed candle.  In some cases, it may even result in second sinkhole.

Other Ways to Reduce Chances of Sinkholes

One Natures Garden tip to preventing sinkholes in candles is to stop the pour right where the sides of your container start to change shape.  Never expect to pour a candle up the neck of your jar and not get a sinkhole.

Make sure in all of your candlemaking excitement that you do not rush the pour of the candle.  Remember, it is not a race to see how fast you can fill your containers/molds.  Filling your glassware/molds too fast will cause sinkholes in candles.

What Are the Odds:

Although sinkholes can occur in any candle style, typically single pour pillar and container waxes are less likely to get them as long as you are using the correct wax for your candle style.  All waxes are not created equal; using the wrong wax for your intended candle will produce a sinkhole.

It is the nature of the beast that votive waxes will always require a second pour.  The key to remember when making votive candles is to only leave 1/16″ open from the top of your votive mold for the second pour.  What this does is allows the votive to harden and shrink with just the right amount of open surface area to allow for the second pour to cool in a uniform manner, both preventing sinkholes from occurring again, as well as not showing the second pour line on the finished votive.  Also, only leaving 1/16″open in your votive mold for the re pour will prohibit the small air bubbles from occurring on the outside area of your votive candle.

In the instance where a container or pillar candle needs a re pour, it is a wise to poke relief holes half way down the candle before completing the second pour.  This gives the cooling wax a final chance to release any air bubbles that may be trapped in the hardening wax before they too become a sinkhole.

On a final note, sinkholes are never fun (that is unless you do it on purpose for a fun test your candle knowledge segment on Facebook).  Now that you have an arsenal of sinkhole preventative measures to use, sinkholes may never be a problem for your candles again.

Jun
27

Can You Use Crayons to Color Candles

This entry was posted in candle making, candle making supplies, candle wax, candle wicks, candles, Fragrance Oils, Natures Garden, pigments and tagged , , , , , , , , , , on by .
fragrance oils

In order for your candles to achieve the most vibrant colors or pleasing pastels possible, a candle dye or candle colorant must be used. Using other forms of colorant may result in an nonfunctional candle.

Can you use crayons to color candles?

Although, staring at a beautiful stack of wonderfully vibrant crayons, we can understand why there would be an urge to use crayons as a colorant for candles.  I mean, let’s look at what a crayon is…a stick of colored wax, right?  Logically, they should work.  However, this is absolutely not the case.

You should never use crayons to color your candles.  The reasoning behind this is the actual colorant of the crayon.  These colors are achieved with the use of pigments, and pigments unfortunately are not soluble.  What this means is that when a crayon is melted, the color of the crayon breaks down into small pigment particles that exist in a dispersed manner among the melted wax.  These pigments appear as if they had changed the color of the wax; like candle dyes do because dyes dissolve into the candle wax, but remember the pigments are simply dispersed.

Now, due to the way that a wick works in candles, there must be a melt pool apparent to keep a candle flame going.  As the wick continues to burn, the melted wax from the wet pool is pulled through the wick.  This is how the fragrance (or hot scent throw) of the candle is released into the air.  The problem that coloring with crayons in candles presents is that since the pigments and the wax never combine, the pigments are also pulled up through the wick.  But, these pigments will not, unlike the melted wax, flow properly through the wick.  These pigments will in fact clog your wick.

The results of a clogged wick prevent your candles from burning properly, inhibit your candles hot scent throw, and will even cause your candles to smoke.

So, in summary no matter how tempting that box of 64 crayons look, never use crayons to color your candles. You will want to stick with dyes specifically formulated for candle making;  Natures Garden offers liquid candle dyes and color block dyes in an array of vibrant colors.

Jun
09

Soy Candle Making with Fragrance Oils

This entry was posted in Air Fresheners, candle fragrance oils, candle making supplies, Fragrance Oils, Natures Garden, Pillar of Bliss, soy wax, tarts and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

fragrance oils1.  What’s your name & Your Company Name:  Shannon Petro – Walker’s Hollow

2.  Why did you decide to go into business?  What was your motivation?  How long have you been in business?  I have always loved burning candles, so about ten years ago I started making my own.  As it turned out, candle making was the perfect creative outlet for me.  I honed in on soy because of it’s qualities vs. paraffin; it’s sustainable, made in America, long burning, soot-less and has excellent throw.  My hobby has turned into my passion to make excellent products that I can proudly share with others to enjoy and appreciate.  I started selling my products at vendor/craft shows last fall and am now stocked in four stores.

3.  What products do you make and sell?  Soy candles, tarts, air fresheners, room sprays and scented stuffed animals.

4.  What are your business goals?  My goal is to increase sales by at least 50% in the next twelve months.  Implement a well designed web-site that is fast and easy to navigate.  And to continue making products that leave my customers wondering why they ever bought anything else.

5.  What are some products you use from Natures Garden; what are your favorite products from Natures Garden?  I love your 464 soy wax along with the pillar of bliss.  I enjoy all your fragrances and really like the NG Signatures.  You keep so many wonderful scents stocked it makes it easy to have stock for all the different requests that come in.  The helpful hints you have on your site are always very useful!

Facebook page:  facebook.com/walkershollow

May
11

Increasing Income with Candle Making

This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making supplies, candle molds, candle wax, candle wicking, Fragrance Oils, Natures Garden and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

fragrance oils1. What’s your name & Your Company Name:     Candles By Sheila

2. Why did you decide to go into business? I was having fun making candles for my friends. What was your motivation?  My friends said I need to start selling them. They were the nicest ones they had in a long time.  How long have you been in business? I started selling them about 5 years ago.

3. What products do you make and sell? I make a half of a coconut shell. I also make a spiral pillar and a square pillar one.

4. What are your business goals? Since I have retired I would like to increase my income and have something that my family could keep doing.

5. What are some products you use from Natures Garden; what are your favorite products from Natures Garden?   I only use the fragrances oils for my candles from your company. My wax, wicks and colors also come from you.  It would have to be the Joy wax.

Facebook page: Sheila Holland