Category Archives: how to make candles

Nov
05

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe


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Pumpkin-Pie-Candle-RecipePumpkin Pie Candle Recipe

With Thanksgiving right around the corner and all things pumpkin on your mind, I am sure you are going to love this project.  We were inspired by pumpkin pie of course!  That scrumptious, flaky pie crust, the sweet spice of pumpkin center, topped off with fluffy creamy whipped topping!  Your mouth is watering isn’t it?  Are you craving a slice of this tasty treat?  You could head to the kitchen and get baking.  Alternatively, you could save yourself some calories and make a candle instead.  However, I will warn you, if you have company over, they will probably walk in, take one sniff, and expect the real thing.  Our customers say Pumpkin Pie Spice Fragrance Oil smell just like a freshly baked pumpkin pie.  We agree it is strong, authentic, and amazing!

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe Ingredients

Ingredients available at Natures Garden:

Joy Wax
Pillar of Bliss Wax
Pumpkin Pie Spice Fragrance Oil
Silicone Soap Mold –  24 Mini Pumpkins
Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye Brown
Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye Yellow
Spectrum Liquid Candle Dye Orange
CD 12 Candle Wicks – You will need two of these.
Pouring Pot
Thermometer

Other Ingredients You Will Need:
Scale
Hot Glue Gun
16 Ounce Apothecary Jar
Toothpicks
A Pot (For Double Boiler)
Stainless Steel Mixing Spoon

Working With Natures Garden’s Pillar of Bliss Candle Wax

We will start by preparing the embed for the top of the candle using our Pillar of Bliss Wax.  Since it is a pillar wax, it will pop out of the mold nicely.  Before beginning, we should go over the temperature recommendations for this pillar and tart wax.  Heat the wax to 195 degrees Fahrenheit.  Once it reaches this temperature, add your color, stir to incorporate the color.  Then, allow the temperature to drop to 180 degrees Fahrenheit before adding the fragrance oil.  Anytime you are melting candle wax use a double boiler.  This means placing water in a pot on the stove, then placing your pouring pot the warm water.  Also, remember to melt the wax on low heat.  Using low heat will prevent the wax from burning.

Working With Natures Garden’s Joy Wax

For the majority of our Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe, we will be using Joy Wax.  Joy Wax is a container wax.  What this means is it is made to adhere to whatever container you put it in.  If we tried to use the same pillar wax we used earlier, it would not cling to the jar.  So, since we want a nice glass adhesion, we chose a container wax.  First, we will go over the temperature instructions for the Joy Wax.  As always, you will want to melt the wax on low, and in a double boiler.  Heat the Joy Wax to 200 Fahrenheit. Add the candle colorant at this temperature. Let the container wax cool to 175-170F.  At this temperature, add fragrance oil. For the best results, we have found that pouring at 165-160F works well.

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe Step by Step Instructions

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe EmbedPumpkin Pie Candle Recipe: How to Prepare the Wax Embed

Now, get the silicone pumpkin mold out, and we will start creating our wax melt embed.  First, you will need your pouring pot and your scale.  Place the pouring pot on the scale.  Next, add 1 ounce of Pillar of Bliss Wax.  Following the wax instructions above, melt your wax.  Use a toothpick to add a bit of the orange candle colorant.  Then, at the correct temperature, place your pouring pot on the scale, and add 0.1 ounces of Pumpkin Pie Spice Fragrance Oil.  Stir with your stainless steel mixing spoon to fully incorporate all of the ingredients.  Finally, pour the orange candle wax into one of the cavities of the pumpkin mold and let it set up.  Once it has set up remove it from the mold, set it aside.  You will not need it until we are finished making the pumpkin candle.

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe: How to Prepare Your Jar

We chose to use an apothecary jar for this recipe.  Prior to creating your candle, you will need to have two CD 12 candle wicks.  You will also want to plug in and heat up your hot glue gun.  Place a dab of hot glue to the metal wick tab of each wick.  Adhere the candle wick to the bottom of the jar.  You want them to be equally spaced.  Also, be sure they are centered.

Pumpkin-Pie-Candle-Recipe-Layer-1Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe: How to Prepare the Pie Crust Layer

The next step will be preparing the bottom layer.  Our goal here is to achieve the color of the pie crust.  This layer will start at the bottom and go about one inch up.  Again, using your scale, place four ounces of Joy Wax in the pouring pot.  Melt the wax as described above.

When your Joy Wax is at the correct temperature, add your candle colorant.  You will need to add 1 drop brown liquid candle dye.  Then, use a toothpick to add a bit of yellow.  Stir to blend the color completely with the wax.  Next, place the pouring pot on your scale.  Add 0.4 ounces of Pumpkin Pie Spice Fragrance Oil.  Once the wax reaches the correct temperature, pour it into the jar.  Remember, this is a layered candle.  Pay close attention to the sides of the jar.  You do not want to splash the wax on the sides of the jar.  I recommend pouring slowing, and also down the center of the jar.  Place a pencil across the opening of your jar.  Wrap your wick around the pencil.  This will keep your wicks centered and straight.  We allowed this layer to fully set up before moving to the next step.

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe: How to Prepare the Pumpkin Layer

Pumpkin-Pie-Candle-Recipe-Poured-LayerNow, we will move to the second layer, the delicious pie filling.  This layer will also use our Joy Wax.  Also, this portion will fill the majority of the jar.  Now, get that scale out again.  Weigh out 10 ounces of Joy wax.  Melt the wax in the same manner you did before.

Next, to achieve the pumpkin pie color you will need three of our liquid candle dyes.  We used orange, brown, and yellow candle colorant.  Add 2 drops orange, one yellow, and one brown.  Alternatively, you could use color blocks.  However, you will need to play with the amounts a bit.  You will use two parts orange and one part of each brown and yellow color blocks.  Once you add your color, stir slowly, but thoroughly, to blend the color with the wax.

Pumpkin-Pie-Candle-Recipe-Layer-2Now, at the proper temperature, add 1 ounce of Pumpkin Pie Spice Fragrance Oil.  Mix well.  Lastly, remove the pencil keeping your wick in place.  Then, pour the wax into the apothecary jar.  Now straighten the wicks.  Put the pencil across the top of your jar.  Again, once your wicks are straight, and centered, wrap the candle wicks around the pencil again.  As before, allow this layer to harden completely.

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe: How to Prepare the Whipped Topping Layer

The final layer will be a whipped cream topping layer.  This layer also uses Joy Wax.  However, we will use it a bit differently.  We will be whipping the wax.  This will give the candle wax a whipped cream appearance.  You will prepare the wax as you have before.  The only exception is we will not be pouring it at 165 degrees Fahrenheit.

Pumpkin-Pie-Candle-Recipe-Adding-FragranceGo ahead and get that scale out one last time.  Weigh out and melt 8 ounces of Joy Wax.  We will not be adding color to this portion.  The natural color of the Joy Wax represents the color of whipped cream nicely.  Go ahead and add 0.8 ounces of the pumpkin pie fragrance at the normal 170 – 175 degrees Fahrenheit.  Mix well to incorporate the fragrance oil.

Now, this time, instead of pouring, let the wax set up a little bit.  You want your wax to be a slushy consistency.  Once it gets to this state, use your stainless steel spoon to whip the wax.  Whip the wax until it has a fluffy whipped cream texture. Now, remove the pencil, but as you begin adding your wax, remember you want the wicks to stay centered. Start adding your whipped wax to the top of the pumpkin layer.  Use the spoon to create peaks in the wax.  You will need to work pretty quickly.  Move to the next step before your wax finishes hardening.

Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe Finishing Touches

Remember that wax pumpkin embed you made earlier with our Pillar of Bliss Wax?  This is where you will need it.  Place that embed in front of your candle wicks.  You want to sink it slightly into your whipped topping.  Additionally, we looped the wick around the pencil before removing it.  This created a decorative curled wick.  However, it should be trimmed to 1/4 inches before burning.  We should also note, the pumpkin embed is purely decorative.  We recommend removing it prior to burning the candle.  It is a wax melt that can be used in yours or your customer’s wax burner.  It does, however, make for an adorable finishing touch on the candle.  We recommend letting the candle cure for a couple days prior to burning it.  But after that, light your candle and let the pumpkin aroma soar.

We hope that you enjoyed making our Pumpkin Pie Candle Recipe with us!  Nature’s Garden feels it will make a wonderful centerpiece on your Thanksgiving table, or as a decoration in your home.  Not only does it smell amazing, but it looks fabulous too!  It has a strong scent and we are sure both you and you guests will love it this holiday season!   Once you finishing making this candle recipe we would love to see your results.  Take a picture of your finished candle!  Then tag us on Facebook or Instagram!  We can’t wait to see your homemade pumpkin pie candles!

 

Jan
20

Granulated Wax Candles


This entry was posted in granulated wax, how to make candles, layered candles, Natures Garden, wax art and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

rainbow candleGranulated Wax Candles

Although most candle makers melt down wax to make their candles, it is possible to create wax art candles if you have granulated wax at your disposal.  Since no heating is involved in the candle making process, this can be a fun project that you can do with your kids.  The sky is the limit as to how creative you can be.  You can used multiple colors, layer the wax, and even create artwork pictures on the inside of your candle jars.  How about scenting each layer a different scent?  You can do that too.  How fun is that!

Natures Garden offers two different kinds of granulated waxes that you can use to make granulated wax candles:  Pillar of Bliss wax and Palm Container wax.  The kind of colorant that you want to use is Spectrum Candle Dyes (you never want to use water soluble dyes or any types of pigments when making these candles).  hydrangea candle

How to Make Wax Art Candles

1.  Obtain a 16 oz. apothecary jar or any other candle safe glass jar that you desire to use.

2.  Using a hot glue gun, place a small amount of hot glue on the wick tabs of  (2)  CD-12 wicks and adhere wicks to the bottom of your jar (equally spaced apart).  Set aside.

3.  Decide how many colors you want to use in your candle.  Scoop about 1/2 cup of granulated wax of your choice into a zip lock bag.  Add a drop of spectrum candle dye to the bag and mix wax well.  Typically, a 16 oz. apothecary jar will hold a total of (6) 1/2 cups of granulated wax, so it is possible to use 6 different colors in your jar.

4.  Move on to your next color.  Do the same as mentioned above until you have a total of 3 cups of colored granulated wax.

5.  A 16 oz. apothecary jar can handle a total of 1.5oz. of fragrance.  Going above this amount will likely create a fire hazard.  So, at this point, add a little fragrance to each bag of colored wax and mix until you have added a total of 1 to 1.5 oz. of fragrance total.

6.  Add your colored and scented wax to your candle jars.  You can layer the wax any way that you desire.  Fill the jar with your granulated wax.

7.  Once you are done, trim your wicks to 1/2″ for your first burn.  Keep wicks at 1/4″ for future burns.  Enjoy!!

For more candle recipes, visit this page on our website. 

Jun
27

What Causes Sinkholes in Candles


This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, how to make candles, make candles, sink holes candles and tagged , , , , , , , , , on by .
fragrance oils

We purposely created a “problem” candle to demonstrate a sinkhole. In this example, the wick is not centered, the wax was poured at too hot of a temperature, and too high in the jar. We also purposely used a pillar wax (instead of a container wax that we should have used). Result: Massive tunneling sinkhole! YUCK!

What Causes Sinkholes in Candles?

Regardless of whether you are making container, pillar, or votive candles, sometimes sinkholes will occur regardless of how cautious and meticulous you are when crafting your candles.

Sinkholes are the arch nemesis of any candle.  You pour your heart and soul into your perfectly executed craft only to find after your long awaited set up time has elapsed that you have a dreaded sinkhole.  Ohhh the hatred.

Sinkholes are the crater like openings around your wick.  They vary in size and depth, and have a direct effect on how your candle wick functions.  Sinkholes occur naturally from the process of the wax setting up.  As wax is heated to melt it into liquid form, the wax expands literally taking up more space as it changes form from solid to liquid.  On the flip side then, as wax is cooling, hardening back to it’s original solid state; it begins to retract and in essence shrink.  If the wax cools too quickly though, the liquid will begin to harden where it sits without filling in the open areas from retracting.  This is the reasoning as to why sink holes can appear in your candles.  However, this is only one factor to consider.  Although sinkholes are easily fixed with re pours, there are a few precautions and tips that we have found to help minimize sinkholes in candles.

The key to remember:  Temperature is Everything

The best working environment for setting up your candle making station is somewhere with ventilation as well as a controlled 70 degree temperature, without any drafts or breezes.

In order to achieve the best candle possible temperature must be monitored.  We know the effects of pouring a candle below the suggested degree, adding a fragrance at an incorrect temperature, and even melting/pouring wax too hot.  Containers and molds are just as finicky when it comes to sinkholes in candles.  In order to truly allow your candle to set up naturally, there must be no variances in temperature.  Any containers or molds that touch the melted wax must be at room temperature.  Natures Garden suggests two options in prepping your molds and containers.  If applicable, place your container/mold in a room temperature setting with enough time prior to their use to allow them to naturally come to that degree.  This is especially true for those of you that keep your glassware in the basement or garage in the winter months.  Your second option is to place your containers/molds on a cookie sheet, and then in the oven on the lowest setting for 15-20 minutes.  This is the quick way to warm your containers/molds.

When pouring your melted wax into your room temperature container/mold, it is just as important that your candle has a chance to cool in a uniform matter.  What this means is that the outside portion of the container/mold should cool in its own natural time.  Shocking the wax to harden by means of refrigeration or a fan will allow for the candles exterior to harden too quickly before the inside area of the candle wax has a chance to naturally release trapped air.  This trapped air is another factor that causes sinkholes in candles or small pin sized bubbles in your finished votives.

Because temperature plays such a crucial role in candlemaking, anytime you need to do a second pour the magical time is 2 hrs.  Doing a second pour too early or too late on a cooling candle can have big flaws on the physical look of your completed candle.  In some cases, it may even result in second sinkhole.

Other Ways to Reduce Chances of Sinkholes

One Natures Garden tip to preventing sinkholes in candles is to stop the pour right where the sides of your container start to change shape.  Never expect to pour a candle up the neck of your jar and not get a sinkhole.

Make sure in all of your candlemaking excitement that you do not rush the pour of the candle.  Remember, it is not a race to see how fast you can fill your containers/molds.  Filling your glassware/molds too fast will cause sinkholes in candles.

What Are the Odds:

Although sinkholes can occur in any candle style, typically single pour pillar and container waxes are less likely to get them as long as you are using the correct wax for your candle style.  All waxes are not created equal; using the wrong wax for your intended candle will produce a sinkhole.

It is the nature of the beast that votive waxes will always require a second pour.  The key to remember when making votive candles is to only leave 1/16″ open from the top of your votive mold for the second pour.  What this does is allows the votive to harden and shrink with just the right amount of open surface area to allow for the second pour to cool in a uniform manner, both preventing sinkholes from occurring again, as well as not showing the second pour line on the finished votive.  Also, only leaving 1/16″open in your votive mold for the re pour will prohibit the small air bubbles from occurring on the outside area of your votive candle.

In the instance where a container or pillar candle needs a re pour, it is a wise to poke relief holes half way down the candle before completing the second pour.  This gives the cooling wax a final chance to release any air bubbles that may be trapped in the hardening wax before they too become a sinkhole.

On a final note, sinkholes are never fun (that is unless you do it on purpose for a fun test your candle knowledge segment on Facebook).  Now that you have an arsenal of sinkhole preventative measures to use, sinkholes may never be a problem for your candles again.