Category Archives: candle wicks

Jun
29

Common Candle Making Questions


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Common Candle Making QuestionsCommon Candle Making Questions

All of us at Natures Garden understand that it can be difficult to create perfect candles. Especially if you have serious scent throw issues popping up, it can be frustrating to put time and money into candles that don’t work that way you want. So, we want to answer some common candle making questions to prevent confusion and save you from all that extra troubleshooting. So, let’s talk about common problems so we can get back to creating gorgeous homemade candles!

Common Candle Making Questions About Candle Wax

First, we are going to talk about questions that often come up in relation to candle wax.

Common Candle Making Questions: How Do You Melt Candle Wax at Home?Common Candle Making Questions: How Do You Melt Candle Wax at Home?

You can use a pouring pot and a stove top to melt your wax at home. Also, we recommend using a double boiler method where you have a larger pot with water in it and set your pouring pot full of wax inside. Turn the stove on to medium and allow the water in your pot to boil. This will safely heat your wax without letting it get too hot.

Common Candle Making Questions: Which is the Best Wax for Candle Making?

Choosing the best wax all depends on preference of what you prefer in a finished candle. First, we have soy waxes that are vegan, gluten free, and natural candle waxes. This is the least expensive wax, has a fantastic cold throw, and has a cleaner burn, but it is tricky to get a great hot throw with some fragrances. Also, Soy Wax often has frosting and a rougher finish.

Next, we have paraffin wax, which has the best scent throw, and is in both the Wow Wax and Joy Wax. The Joy wax uses a mixture of paraffin and soy, so it has a cleaner burn due to the soy wax and a really good hot scent throw due to the paraffin wax. Also, it clings to the candle containers better and has less frosting. An option for creating a translucent candle is gel wax, but it isn’t compatible with all fragrances.

Additionally, you can use palm wax, which comes from sustainable sources, has a beautiful crystal finish, and has a great scent throw. Natures Garden carries sustainable palm container and pillar wax. Lastly, Pillar of Bliss Wax and Palm Pillar wax are great options for creating pillars or wax tarts.

Common Candle Making Questions For Making Soy Candles

Since soy wax is so popular among our customers, we wanted to answer some of the most common questions asked about making soy candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: What is the Best Temperature to Pour Soy Wax?Common Candle Making Questions: What is the Best Temperature to Pour Soy Wax?

This temperature depends on the type of soy wax being used. We recommend pouring our 100% soy wax at 110 degrees Fahrenheit. For the Golden Brands 444 or Golden Brands 464, we suggest pouring at 135 degrees Fahrenheit

Common Candle Making Questions: What is the Best Temperature to Add Fragrance to Soy Wax?

For heavier fragrance oils with high flash points, we recommend adding the scented oil at 185 degrees Fahrenheit. However, lighter fragrances with lower flash points, Ike citrus scents, would be added around 160 degrees Fahrenheit

Common Candle Making Questions: Which Wick is Best for Soy Candles?

Many customers perfer to use a cotton wick for their soy candles. We have two types of cotton wicks available, which are HTP and CD candle wicks.

Common Candle Making Questions: How Do You Make Soy Wax Melts?

Although we don’t carry soy wax in a pillar form for melts, you can still create soy wax melts with container wax. Often, customers will use individual portion cups to package wax melts like these, which can be used to squeeze the wax into the wax burner. This is because it is softer than pillar wax and is difficult to get out of clamshells. However, this wax will not hold the shape from a mold. In fact, it will get stuck in your mold and be difficult to clean.  Another option when making wax melts with a container wax is to add stearic acid to the wax to harden it.

Common Candle Making Questions About Candle Fragrance

Fragrance is important for creating great scented candles, so its important to know how to get your scented candle oil to work for you!

Common Candle Making Questions: Why Don’t My Candles Have a Good Scent Throw?

This issue could have a few different possible causes. First, you may not have added enough fragrance, which should be 1 oz. per pound on average. However, Natures Garden waxes will allow you to add up to 10% in most cases.  Also, your candle may have a clogged wick. This could be due to adding too much fragrance, vybar, or another additive. Also, additives like mica and crayons will clog your wick.

Another possibility is the type of wax you are using. A wax like paraffin will have a better scent throw than soy waxes. Finally, it is possible that you have the wrong size wick. If you wick is too small, then the flame will not be hot enough to get the aroma into the air. On the other hand, a wick that is too large will burn the scent oil before it can be released into the air.

Common Candle Making Questions: What is Vybar Used for in Candle Making?Common Candle Making Questions: What is Vybar Used for in Candle Making?

If you have a poor scent throw and you have tried trouble shooting, then you may want to use vybar. The vybar can be used to increase scent throw by adding some amount between a fourth and a half teaspoon per pound of wax. Just be cautious not to add too much or it can clog your wick and reduce your scent throw. We suggest using Vybar 103 for pillar candles and Vybar 206 for container candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why Is Fragrance Oil Settling to the Bottom of the Candle?

If you notice that fragrance is settling at either the top or bottom of your candle, then there could be a few reasons to explain it. First, you’ve added too much fragrance oil. Another option is that the wax you are using isn’t porous enough and you may need a more porous wax. Along with this idea, waxes that have been burned or heated too much may reduce in their ability to hold fragrance.  Finally, you may have not stirred enough to fully incorporate the fragrance oil.

Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Use Essential Oils in a Wax Warmer?Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Use Essential Oils in a Wax Warmer?

While some essential oils can be used in wax warmers, it can be a bit tricky. You need to make sure that they are diluted with either a carrier oil or DPG. Additionally, some essential oils have flashpoints that are too low for a wax warmer. So, you will want to do some testing with the essential oils that you choose.

Common Candle Making Questions About Candle Wicks

Choosing the right wick is another important part of candle making. Otherwise, your candle might not be as effective as it could be.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why is My Candle Wick Drowning Out?Common Candle Making Questions: Why is My Candle Wick Drowning Out?

This could be due to either a small wick or a high candle. First, the wick you used may be too small for a candle of this diameter, which you can use our Candle Wick Chart for reference. Also, your wick could be drowning if you poured your candle wax up too high. You should stop pouring before the wax passes the part of the candle jar that changes shape and begins to curve for the lip.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why Isn’t My Candle Wax Not Burning Evenly All of the Way Down?

Uneven burning could be due to either the wax or the wick. First, the wick may be too small for your candle’s size. Also, the wax that you chose could be too hard. While you could use a softer wax instead, you could also switch to a hotter wick.

Common Candle Making Questions About General Candle Making

Lastly, we have some general questions about making candles that could be useful for crafting perfect candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: Sometimes I Follow All Recommendations and I Still Can’t Seem to Get it Right. Why is That?

There are many factors that can influence the outcome of your homemade candles. First, fragrance oils can impact a candle, as thicker scented oils require you to wick up to get a hotter burn. Also, the room temperature can effect your candles. If the room is too cold, then you can have more issues with glass adhesion and frosting because your candle will setup very quickly.

Additionally, you could have an issue where the scent doesn’t smell as strong because you are used to it. When you are around a scent for too long, your nose will adjust and you won’t notice it as much. If this happens to you, then don’t worry too much just take a break from the scent for awhile and your nose will recognize it again after a long enough break.

Common Candle Making Questions: Why are My Layers Bleeding in my Candle?

This color issue could have one of a few different causes. First, the layers were too hot. If you don’t wait long enough or pour your wax too soon, then the layers can melt one another and start to run into one another. Also, it could be due to over saturating your candle with fragrance, as the extra scented oil will blend with colorant and bring the color with it as it seeps out of the candle.

Common Candle Making Questions: Can I Use Mica in Candles?Common Candle Making Questions: Can I Use Mica in Candles?

We recommend that you don’t mix mica into the candle itself, because it will clog the wick. But, you can use mica to decorate the outside of pillar candles! After your pillar is created you can then, use the mica on the outer portion of your candle. This shimmery mixture can be used to provide a beautiful sparkle on the outside of your candles.

Common Candle Making Questions: Can Mica be used in Wax Melts?

Sure! Since we don’t have to worry about clogging the wick, you can mix it straight into the candle wax.

 

Common Candle Making Questions: How Do I Get Rid of the Air Bubbles in My Candles?

There are a few reasons why air bubbles could get trapped in your candles, which include water exposure and pouring at a cooler temperature. So, how do you prevent air bubble in a homemade candle? First, keep water away from your work station. Also, you can try pouring your wax at a hotter temperature. Further, pour your candle wax slowly and make sure to stop before you hit pour point where your jar begins to change shape. 

Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Melt Old Candles to Make New Ones?Common Candle Making Questions: Can You Melt Old Candles to Make New Ones?

We don’t recommend re-purposing old candles to make new ones. While this may seem like a create idea to take all you half used candles and make a new one, the scent is a big concern in this case. If these candles are scented, then they will already contain fragrance oil. Once you melt your old candles, the scent may fade, but many of the wax particles are still holding on to some of the scent oil. This means that you won’t be able to add enough fragrance oil without over saturating your candle. Since the candle already is holding scent, this extra fragrance will seep out and sit on the top of your candle, which is dangerous and can result in a flame that is too large.

Common Candle Making Questions: Reach Out to UsCommon Candle Making Questions: Reach Out to Us

Hopefully, we were able to get some of your more pressing questions answered. If you have any more questions or concerns about making your own candles, then please reach out to us. We are always happy to help! You can stop by the store, give us a call, or talk to us on social media. If you want to find us online, we have a Natures Garden Facebook page, Twitter (@ngscents), and Instagram (@ngscents). Good luck and have fun with candle making!

Jun
14

Candle Making Terminology


This entry was posted in candle colorant, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, candle molds, candle recipe, candle supplies, candle wax, candle wicks, candles and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

Candle Making TerminologyCandle Making Terminology

We at Natures Garden know that there is a lot of candle making terminology and techniques that you need to know to make great homemade candles. So, we are going to answer some common candle making questions and problems to make your experience more fun. So, set aside your candle making equipment and let’s figure out how to make gorgeous scented candles!

Candle Making Terminology: Types of Candles

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Pillar Candle?Candle Making Terminology: What is a Pillar Candle?

Pillar candles are free-standing candles that don’t require a container. These often use a harder type of candle wax that is made for creating pillar candles, like Pillar of Bliss Wax or Palm Pillar Wax.

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Votive Candle?Candle Making Terminology: What is a Votive Candle?

Votive Candles are a smaller kind of candle. The average size is 1.5 ounces and they are about two inches tall and one and a half inches wide. These are often made with a Votive Mold.

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Tealight Candle?Candle Making Terminology: What is a Tealight Candle?

Tea Lights are very small candles that are about an inch and a half wide and a half inch tall. They can be made in Tea Light Cups .

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Fragrances

Candle Making Terminology: What Does Fragrance Load Mean?

In candle making, fragrance load refers to the amount of fragrance oil that you are using in your homemade candle recipe.

Candle Making Terminology: My Candle Wax Will Hold a 10% Fragrance Load. How Do I Know How Much to Add?Candle Making Terminology: My Candle Wax Will Hold a 10% Fragrance Load. How Do I Know How Much to Add?

All you need to do is some simple math that we will walk you through! First, weigh the amount of candle wax you are using. Then, multiply this amount by 0.10, which is 10% to determine the amount of fragrance oil that you can use.

  • Formula: Candle Wax Weight X Fragrance Percentage = Amount of Fragrance That Can Be Added
  • Example: 20 (ounces of candle wax) X 0.10 = 2 ounces of fragrance oil So, since your candle wax is in ounces, the fragrance amount that can be added to the candle wax will also be in ounces.
Candle Making Terminology: What Does Scent Throw Mean?

The scent throw is the strength of fragrance that the candle releases into the air. Cold throw is the strength of scent when the candle is not lit yet. Hot throw is the strength of the scent throw when the candle is lit and burning.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Waxes

Candle Making Terminology: What Kind of Wax Should I Use for Candles?Candle Making Terminology: What Kind of Wax Should I Use for Candles?

Choosing a candle wax type depends on the type of candle that you want to create. So, the isn’t a universal answer to the question, “Which is the best wax for candle making?” For example, pillar candles would require a pillar wax, which includes Pillar of Bliss Candle Wax and Palm Pillar Wax. The Pillar of Bliss Wax is a blend of soy and paraffin that has a great scent throw and a creamy finish. The Palm Pillar Wax has a crystal finish, has a wonderful scent throw, and comes form sustainable sources.

However, container candles would be best with a container wax, which includes soy wax, Joy wax, WOW Wax, palm wax, and gel wax. Soy wax would make a great, inexpensive addition to your natural candle making supplies. It has a clean burn and and excellent cold throw, but it can be tricky to get a good hot throw from certain fragrances. Wow wax is mostly paraffin and has an amazing hot throw, but has a less clean burn. Joy wax is a perfect blend of paraffin wax and soy wax, as well as veggie wax and proprietary ingredients, that provides a cleaner burn with an amazing scent throw. Gel wax has a neat translucent look, but is not compatible with all fragrance oils. Our palm wax comes from sustainable sources that aren’t harming the rainforest, has a beautiful crystal appearance, and a great scent throw.

Candle Making Terminology: What is Granulated Wax?Candle Making Terminology: What is Granulated Wax?

Simply, this is wax that is grainy and looks kind of like sand. This wax can be scented and colored without melting, so it is a easy and fun way to create candles with kids. We have made candle recipes like the Bacon Candle Recipe and the Hydrangea Candle Recipe with this type of wax.

Candle Making Terminology: Crucial Temperatures

Candle Making Terminology: Do I Need to Worry About the Temperatures When Making Candles?Candle Making Terminology: Do I Need to Worry About the Temperatures When Making Candles?

Yes, this is very important for creating quality homemade candles! There are a few key moments where you will need a thermometer to be aware of the temperature of your wax. First, you need to make sure that your fragrance oil isn’t added at a temperature that is too hot. If your fragrance is added at a temperature that is too high, then some of the notes may burn off and leave you with a less satisfying scent. Another issue is pouring your wax into the container too soon. If you pour at a temperature that is too cool, you could have improper adhesion, wet spots, sinking, and other issues. So, be sure to check your wax’s description to see the temperature that is should be poured.

Candle Making Terminology: What does sinkhole mean?

Sinkhole is a hole or cavity that appears on your candle as it is setting up. Often, this occurs when the candle wax is poured at too low of a temperature.

Candle Making Terminology: Can You Cool a Candle in the Fridge?Candle Making Terminology: Can You Cool a Candle in the Fridge?

No, candles should cool as slowly as possible on their own. If you place a candle in the fridge to cool, they may not adhere to the glass properly, which can lead to wet spots.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Wicks

Candle Making Terminology: Choosing the Right WickCandle Making Terminology: Choosing the Right Wick

The size of your wick depends on the diameter of your container. You can see the radius for each wick under it’s description. However, you will still need to test because there are many variable between wax type and fragrance oil. A fragrance with a high flash point and high specific gravity, like vanilla, requires a hotter burn. But, low flash point scents with low specific gravity, like citrus, need a smaller wick. Also, you may hear the terms “wick up’ and “wick down” when talking about find the right wick size. Wick down means that you should use a wick that is smaller than what you have been using and wick up means that you should use a wick that is larger than what you use for candles this size.

Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Stop a Candle From Tunneling?Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Stop a Candle From Tunneling?

If you don’t know, tunneling is often the answer for the question, “Why isn’t my candle wax not burning evenly all of the way down?” Tunneling can happen for a few reasons, which includes issues with wick size. If your wick is too small for the diameter of your candle, then it will not burn all the way to the outside edge. So, you may either need a larger wick, multiple wicks, or a different type of wick that will burn hotter.

However, there are a few other issues that could cause tunneling. If you think your wick is the right size, then look into some of these potential issues, First, you may have a clogged wick, which can cause uneven burning. Also, it could be that you didn’t do a memory burn for the candle’s first use to ensure a proper burn. Finally, you may need to use a wax that has a lower melt point that is easier for you chosen wick to handle.

Candle Making Terminology: Why Are My Candle Jars Black After I Burn My Candles?

Often, this occurs when you wick is too big for your jar or your wick is too long. If your wick is trimmed down to 1/4 inch, then the length is fine. You can check the suggested radius for your wick to see if you need to get a smaller size. Also, using too much fragrance can clog the wick and cause more soot than normal.

Candle Making Terminology: Do Candle Wicks Contain Lead?

No, candle wicks in the Unites States, like ours, do not contain lead. In fact, lead core wicks were banned in the US in 2003.

Candle Making Terminology: Proper Burning

Candle Making Terminology: What is a Memory Burn?

This is the first burn of your candles and is the most important. This burn will set the boundary of your melt pool and will determines whether the edges of your candle will be reached. A guide is to burn an hour for every inch your candle is wide to ensure that it will burn properly as it is used in future burns. Also, you will want to make sure that you wick isn’t too low and isn’t longer than 1/4 inch high.

Candle Making Terminology: What Does Melt Pool Mean?

Melt Pool is the candle wax that has melted on the top of the candle. Ideally, you will want this to be all the way across the top of your candle to ensure an even burn.

Candle Making Terminology: What Does Mushrooming Mean in Candle Making?

When I notice black clumps on top of my wick, I know that it is mushrooming. While all wick produce this carbon as they burn, some are worse than others. Also, factors that clog the wick can increase the mushrooming effect. The CD wicks produce the least amount of mushrooming, but there isn’t a way to completely stop it due to it being a product of burning the wick.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Coloring

Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Color a Candle?Candle Making Terminology: How Do You Color a Candle?

There are a few different candle colorant options for your home made candles. First, you can use our Liquid Candle Dyes, which are extremely concentrated and will last a long time. Also, you can use a color block, which is made with paraffin, vegan, and can color up to 15 pounds of wax. Lastly, you can use a bit of powder dye. Just be careful not to use too much because it can clog your wick.

Candle Making Terminology: Can You Use Crayons to Make Candles?

We do not suggest using crayons to color candles. They don’t burn properly and are likely to clog your wick.

Candle Making Terminology: What is a UV Light Inhibitor?Candle Making Terminology: What is a UV Light Inhibitor?

Since UV light from the sun can bleach the color out of candles, the UV light inhibitor is used to protect the color of your candles. This candle ingredient is most useful for preventing fading in burgundy, blue, and violet candle colors due to direct sunlight.

Candle Making Terminology: How Do I Color My Candles White?

While titanium dioxide can be used to create white pillar candles, you don’t want to add it straight to your container candles as it can clog your wick.

Candle Making Terminology: Candle Apearance

Candle Making Terminology: How Do I Get Rid of Wet Spots on My Candles?

Wet spots are air pockets that are formed when your candle didn’t adhere properly to your candle jar. You can take a few steps to prevent this if you are having problems. First, try warming your candle jars to give you wax more time to cool. Also, you can try pouring your wax at a hotter temperature. Another good tip is to make sure the room your are making your candles in a room that is warm.

Candle Making Terminology: What Is Frosting In Candle Making?

Frosting is the white stuff that appears on waxes that contain soy wax. You can use a heat gun or blow dryer to re-melt the surface and give it a smoother finish. While you can lessen the effect of frosting, you can’t eliminate it completely.

Candle Making Terminology: What Are Jump Lines?

These are the line that you can see on the side of either a container candle or a pillar candle.

Candle Making Terminology: Progression of Candles

As you can tell, there is a lot that goes into candle making. But, it is a process that has been developed overtime and takes time to master. If you are interested in learning a bit about the evolution of candles, then check out The History of Candles from Prehistoric Times Until Now by Pioneer Thinking.

Candle Making Terminology: Talk to UsCandle Making Terminology: Talk to Us

If you have any more questions about candle making, you can look at our candle making classes or just ask us! We are on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter (@ngscents).

May
14

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?


This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making questions, Candle Making Recipes, candle making supplies, candle molds, candle supplies, candle wicking, candle wicks, candles and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

WWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?hat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?

Welcome to the wonderful world of candle making! If you are new to the craft of making candles, then you may be thinking to yourself; What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles? While there are quite a few options out there, you just need to learn about your options and choosing gets simplified. At Natures Garden we strive to make sure that our customers never feel lost or alone while crafting. So, we try to provide you with as much information as you need as well as offer a Toll-Free H.U.G Line; HUG stands for Help U Grow. 1-866-647-2368. So, you can call us anytime to receive help. Furthermore, we are creating this blog to have all the basic information that you need to get started and have a reference for when you need it!

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: What Wax to Use for CandlesWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: What Wax to Use for Candles

One of the most important ingredients for making candles is the wax. Your candle wax is what determines the strength and quality of your candle. While you may think that you can just add more fragrance oil to increase the scent of your candles, this just isn’t true. In fact, once your candle wax has been saturated the fragrance oil will simply leak out and be wasted. Also, this leakage can lead to a potential fire hazard. So, it’s best to stay within the recommended amounts. You can check out the Candle Wax Information to figure out which type of canlde wax that you want!

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: AdditivesWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Additives

Additives are an option that candle makers have to include ingredients into their wax. This is done to try to enhance the quality of their final product. This can be beneficial for some waxes, but we don’t suggest using these additives in any preblended waxes.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: How to Make Candles With Crisco

One additive that you can include is Crisco shortening for some of your candles. About 1-2 ounces can be added per pound of paraffin candle wax. This will help to decrease wet spots, increase your melt pool, absorb fragrance oil, and help to decrease the chance of your fragrance sitting on the bottom of the pouring pot. So, this can be used to increase scent throw in candles made of this type of wax. But, you will find that a blended wax like our Joy Wax is already formulated to provide a great scent throw without adding any Crisco.

You will probably read differing opinions on using Crisco in your candles; however, if it had been such a bad idea, then wax manufacturers would not be making wax out of soy. Crisco is soy based. Use your own judgment on this one!

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Vybar

Another additive that is used to enhance candles is Vybar. This additive’s primary use is enhancing the scent throw. Plus, this ingredient will create a marble appearance on the top of the candle, which looks very cool! Another thing that this ingredient does is harden the wax consistency and raise the melt point. While some people use stearin, we believe that Vybar does the same thing with less issues.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: UV Light Protectors

If you want to sell your candles wholesale or want to have them keep their color for a long time, then you may want a UV Light InhibitorHowever, these can be expensive and aren’t necessary otherwise. Colors that you need to be most worried about are Blue, Violet, Burgundy, and sometimes pink. Also, even after adding this ingredient we would recommend keeping them out of direct sunlight as the sun will still be able to fade your color over time. If your find that your colors our still fading quite a bit even after adding this, then it could be due to your fragrance oil.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Petrolatum

Also, you can use petrolatum as a candle making additive. This ingredient will help increase the number of pores in the candle. So, you candle will be able to absorb even more fragrance oil. This means an even stronger scent! Plus, it will help your wax cling to the sides of your container. However, this may lead to a less clean burn and sometimes even smoking. So, there are some trade offs with this one.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Fragrance OilWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Fragrance Oil

The fragrance oil is another ingredient that is important for making wonderfully scented homemade candles. Firstly, you should make sure that the fragrance oil you want to use is not alcohol based, as this can be dangerous. Next, you will want to consider the concentration of your fragrance. Obviously, you want a good scent that hasn’t been diluted, like our fragrance oils, but there are some companies that dilute their scents and you should be cognizant of it. When using a concentrated fragrance oil, you can use about 1 ounce per pound of fragrance. If you try to use more, it will just be wasted. This is because the wax is already fully saturated and your fragrance will simply be left on the bottom of your pouring pot.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: ColorantsWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Colorants

Also, you have the option to add colorants to your candles. There are a few routes you can go for coloring your homemade candles. One thing that we’d like to note here is that candles aren’t a very good candle colorant. While there are many diy recipes on how to make candles out of crayons, we have found that candles should never be used if you want quality candles. Any amount of crayons added to your candles will cause smoking and will clog your wick. Instead, you can use liquid candle dye, color blocks, or powdered candle dye for your candles.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Liquid Candle DyeWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Liquid Candle Dye

First, you can use the Spectrum Liquid Candle Dyes to color your candles. These dyes are very concentrated, so it only take a little bit. Often a few drops or even a toothpicks amount will suffice. Make sure that you never use more than 10 drops of the liquid candle dye because it will cause a sight chemical smell that may ruin your scent! Plus, adding too much color can clog your wick, reduce the scent throw, create smoking, and may reduce the melt pool of your candle. But, as long as you stay under our recommended maximum you should be fine. Plus, the liquid dye allows you to make candles that have consistent coloring each time because you can simply count the number of drops you add to your melted wax.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Color BlocksWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Color Blocks

Next, you have the option of color blocks for your homemade candles. These candle coloring blocks are dye that has been concentrated in a wax medium. This block will provide enough color to deeply dye 15 pounds of wax in total. However, the color blocks do not provide as vibrant of a color compared to our liquid candle dye or a powdered candle dye. We have these colorants available in red, coral/peach, yellow, blue, green, purple, burgundy, brown, teal, cinnamon, and cranberry. You can mix these colors, but make sure not too add too much as it may clog your wick, cause smoking, reduce the melt pool, or inhibit scent throw. To use this colorant you can cut just a piece off the block and add it to your melting candle wax. Just make sure that your color blocks are fully melted before pouring your candle wax.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Powdered Candle DyesWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Powdered Candle Dyes

Lastly, you can use for your homemade candle creations. These are the most concentrated form of candle dye out there. You can use very small amounts of the dye to provide some vibrant color results. Plus, you can combine colors to create any color that you prefer! Also, you can add this powder to melted Stearic Acid to provide a better dispersion in your candle wax. Stearic acid can be added to your candle to help harden them. Also, you should avoid using too much as it could clog your wick, create more smoking, reduce the melt pool of your candle, or inhibit the scent throw.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Candle WicksWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Candle Wicks

Another important aspect to candle making is the wick. There are two things you need to consider when picking a wick, which are the type of wax you are using and the size of your container. First, you need to think about the type of wick that you want to use. While there is some preference involved, there are some wicks that will work better in certain types of waxes. You can see on the website for each wick or at the bottom of the Science of Candle Making page.

Next, we need to think about what size wick that we will need. The size of your wick will determine the radius of wax that the flame can cover. If the flame doesn’t reach the edges you will be wasting perfectly good candle wax. However, a wick that is too large can result in mushrooming or even smoking, or loss of scent.  So, you will need to make sure that you choose the correct sized wick for each of your different container sizes. If you need help figuring out which type of wick and the size you need then check out our Candle Wick Chart for sizing.

Also, you can check out our Types of Candle Wicks for a condensed version of candle wicking information.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: EquipmentWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Equipment

Next, we have some basic equipment is important for candle making and can potentially last forever. Both the pouring pot and thermometer are important pieces of equipment in the candle making process that you really can’t go without.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Pouring PotWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Pouring Pot

First, the pouring pot is great to have for your melting wax. If you are using a pot from your kitchen, then it will be nearly impossible to reclaim it for cooking. Plus, you won’t have the convenience of a pouring spout in a typical cooking pot. So, its best to just get a pouring pot that is more efficient for candle making.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: ThermometerWhat Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Thermometer

Also, the thermometer is crucial for making sure that your wax is used properly. Firstly, this allows you to monitor the temperature to prevent you from getting your wax to hot. If your wax gets hotter than 200 degrees Fahrenheit, in some cases, it will burn. At this temperature the wax’s molecules begin to break down and the wax will take on a burnt smell. Another issue that this helps you with is pouring your wax at the right temperature. You need to make sure that your candles are poured at the temperature recommended for the candle wax you are using.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Worlds Largest Candle

In the spirit of candle making, we figured we would talk about the largest candle ever! According to Waymarking.com, the largest candle in the world is in South Deerfield, MA. It is a big, red giant made of 1,377 pounds of wax and standing about 6 feet tall. If you are curious in seeing this phenomenal candle, then check out the World’s Largest Candle in World’s Largest Candle Store.

What Do You Need To Make Your Own Candles?: Learn With Us

If you are interested in learning more about candle-making, you can find more details in the Natures Garden candle manual. Also, you can reach out to us at Natures Garden with any other questions that you may have. One great way to reach out to us is through social media. We are on Facebook, Twitter (@ngscents), and Instagram (@ngscents). We hope to hear from you soon!

May
09

Types of Candle Wicks


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Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks

Choosing the right wick for your homemade candles is one of the most important parts of candle making! The candle’s wick is what feeds the flame to keep it going, as the wick collects the candle wax vapor as the wax is heated. So, a good wick will keep your flame burning evenly and for a long time! Since there are many types of candle wicks, we thought it would be useful to have a guide with candle wick information all in one place. So, this blog explains the importance of choosing the best wick along with some details on the wicks available from Natures Garden!

Types of Candle Wicks: Choosing a TypeTypes of Candle Wicks: Choosing a Type

There are three main types that nearly all candle wicks fall into. First, we have the most common type of candle wick, which are flat wicks. These are usually made from three bundles of fiber knitted together and are very consistent in burning. Plus, they curl in the flame for a self-trimming effect. Second, we have square wicks, which are often braided or knitted. These will curl in the flame, but are a bit more rounded than flat wicks and are better able to resist clogging. Lastly, we have the cored wicks, which use a core material around the braided wick to keep it upright. These wicks have a round cross section and use different materials, like cotton, paper, zinc, or tin, to keep the wick upright.

Types of Candle Wicks: Why Are Wicks Different Sizes?Types of Candle Wicks: Why Are Wicks Different Sizes?

Choosing the proper wick is very important.  The size and type you need depends on the size container and type of wax you use. Every candle is unique and many come in different shapes and sizes, so wicks come in different sizes too!  For the wick, both its length and width have a purpose for the candle. Also, you will need to know that the different numbers signify the size of the wick. This means that a CD-10 wick is more narrow than a CD-12, which is why the CD-12 wick can cover a larger candle radius compared to the CD-10.  We should also note, when a candle wick is created, it is then coated in wax.  At times, this coating can make a smaller wick appear larger than a bigger sized wick.  It’s not really larger, it simply has a thicker wax coating than the larger candle wick.

Types of Candle Wicks: Why is my candle wick mushrooming?

One issue that you can have due to choosing the wrong size wick is mushrooming. This is when a build up of carbon forms on your wick and creates a sort of mushroom-like shape. If your wick is too large for you container, then your candle will burn way too fast. This rapid burning leads to an increased amount of build up in a short time and causes the mushrooming appearance.

Types of Candle Wicks: What is tunneling in candles?

Another issue that you could run into is tunneling. This is when the flame doesn’t burn all the way to the edges, which leaves a ring around the outside. Not only does this waste parts of you candle that could’ve been put to good use, but this can make it difficult to relight as the flame begins to drop further. Some times you can have this with the correct sized wick, but there are ways to prevent this from happening. For example, a memory burn and longer burns can make sure that all of the wax is used as the flame burns. However, a wick that is too small for your container will tunnel no matter what you do.

Types of Candle Wicks: CD Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: CD Candle Wicks

First, we have the CD Candle Wicks – 100 count, which are made of a flat, cotton braid with a special paper around it. This is perfect for a hot flame as this gives the wick excellent capillary action. Also, this wick will provide a cleaner burn, is basically self- trimming, and can be used in any type of wax. If you are looking for the best wick for soy wax or vegetate wax, then this is a good option to try out! So, its no wonder why this wick is a favorite for many of us  at Natures Garden

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for CD Candle Wicks
  • CD5 candle wicks- Use with votives and containers 2 inch in diameter.
  • CD7 candle wicks- Use with containers approximately 2.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD10 candle wicks- Use with Medium sized containers approximately 3 inches in diameter.
  • CD 12 candle wicks- Use with medium sized containers approximately 3- 3.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD14 candle wicks- Use with Large sized containers approximately 4 inches in diameter.
  • CD16 candle wicks- Use with large sized containers approximately 4.25 inches in diameter.
  • CD18 candle wicks- Use with large containers approximately 4.5 inches in diameter.
  • CD20 candle wicks- Use with extra large containers approximately 5 inches in diameter.
  • CD 22 candle wicks- Extra large wick for use in large containers approximately 5.5 inches in diameter.

Types of Candle Wicks: Hemp Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: Hemp Candle Wicks

Next, we have the Hemp Candle Wicks- 100 count. These are braided wicks like many candle wicks, but they use natural hemp fibers instead of the typical cotton fibers. This makes the wick more rigid, so it can stay more on its own. Plus, these fibers allow the candle wick to provide a hotter burn. This wick can be used perfectly for any and all candle waxes. Plus, this wick is another great one to try for anyone looking for the best wick for soy wax!

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for Hemp Candle Wicks
  • 838 Hemp candle wicks- use for votives and small candles- 1.5 to 2 inch diameter.
  • 1400 Hemp candle wicks- use for large candles- 2.5 to 3 inch diameter.
  • 60048 Hemp candle wicks- use with extra large candles- 3.5 to 4 inch diameter.

Types of Candle Wicks: HTP Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: HTP Candle Wicks

Also, you can try out the HTP Candle Wicks – 100 Count. These wicks are mad from a blend of paper fibers and cotton fibers that create a flat, braided design. This design provides the wick with a hotter and cleaner burn that you are sure to enjoy! Plus, this wick’s cleaner burn is able to reduce any issues with either smoking or mushrooming. Although these wicks can be used effectively in any kind of candle wax, we would recommend these wicks for your Gel Wax or Soy Wax. HTP wick’s performance for these two types of wax is phenomenal!

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide for HTP Candle Wicks
  • HTP-31 candle wick (2.5 inch) (20mm tab, 3mm neck)- Use for votives or small containers with a diameter of approximately 1.5 inches.
  • HTP-52 candle wick (4 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for containers with a diameter of approximately 2.5 inches.
  • HTP-73 candle wicks (6 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for medium sized containers with a diameter of approximately 3 inches.
  • HTP-83 candle wicks (7 inch)(20mm tab, 3mm neck) – Use for medium sized containers with a diameter of approximately 3.5 inches.
  • HTP-104 candle wicks (7 inch) (20mm tab, 6mm neck)- Use for large containers with a diameter of approximately 4 inches.
  • HTP-1212 candle wicks (7 inch) (20mm tab, 6mm neck)-Use for extra large containers with a diameter of approximately 4.5 inches.

Types of Candle Wicks: Zinc Core Candle WicksTypes of Candle Wicks: Zinc Core Candle Wicks

Lastly, we have the Zinc Core Candle Wicks- 100 wicks. These wicks are the most popular for creating homemade candles. These wicks have a cotton fiber braid surrounded by a zinc core.  Also, these wicks can be used in all applications.This style of wick is great for creating container candles as the zinc core allows the wick to stand up. While you can use these wicks in vegetable waxes, you will need to go up a size on your wick. Instead of using the normal size wick for your container, just get a size bigger as these wicks don’t burn as hot as other candle wicks.

Types of Candle Wicks: Guide For Zinc Core Candle Wicks
  • 1 3/4 inch zinc core candle wick (44-20-18z)- great for tealights, and small containers with a diameter of about 1 inch.
  • 2 1/2 inch zinc core candle wick (44-28-18z)- great for votives, and containers with a diameter of about 2 inches.
  • 7 inch zinc core candle wick (44-24-18z)- great for candles with diameter of 2-2.5 inch diameter.
  • 7 inch zinc core candle wick (51-32-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of about 2.5 to 3 inches.
  • 6 inch zinc core candle wick (44-28-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of about 2-2.75 inches. Also, a nice wick for cylinder candles.
  • 7 inch Extra Large zinc Core candle wick (62-52-18z)- great for candles with a diameter of 3 inches to 4 inches.
  • 3 inch self centering zinc core candle wick (44-24-18z)- great for votives and candles with the diameter of 2-2.5 inches. These wicks self center themselves due to their 33 mm wick tabs.

Types of Candle Wicks: Spooled Candle WickingTypes of Candle Wicks: Spooled Candle Wicking

Another fun option to consider when choosing your wicks is the Spooled Candle Wicking- 8 oz. Roll. You can get about 400 feet of this spooled candle wick in either the 44-24-18 zinc core candle wicking or the 34-30 cotton wicking. According to our own candle testing, both of these types of wicks will be able to handle a diameter of between 2 inches and 3 inches. So, this wicking could be beneficial for making pillar candles, as they are taller than most of our other wicks. Further, you can cut each wick to the exact size. This means you will have less wasted wicking due to trimming.

Types of Candle Wicks: Candle Wick TabsTypes of Candle Wicks: Candle Wick Tabs

Additionally, you may want to get Candle Wick Tabs – 1/2 Pound to go along with your spool of wicking. These tabs come in a few different sizes that vary in width and neck height. The width of the tab gives your wick a base to hold the wick in place. There are 15mm, which are great for tea lights, and 20mm, which are most popular for candle making. The neck size controls how far down the wick will burn and protects the bottom of the container from getting too hot, without this the candle glass could over heat and break. This comes in either the 3mm, which is most common for candle making, or the 6mm, which is good for gel wax candles. Unless you are making tea lights or using gel wax, you will likely want to use the 20mm standard 3mm neck tabs.

Types of Candle Wicks: Votive Candle Wick PinTypes of Candle Wicks: Votive Candle Wick Pin

While the Votive Candle Wick Pin isn’t necessary a wick, it can be very useful tool for wicking! If you want to create fun candles without containers, then the wick pin is a great way to keep your wick centered. While this pin was designed to create votive candles with perfectly centered wicks, this pin is great for other fun shapes, too! We have use this pin to create cupcake candles, smores candles, and so much more! This particular pin is 2 and 5/16 inches tall, so you can use it for smaller candle designs and, of course, votive candles.

Types of Candle Wicks: History of Candles

According to the National Candle Association, candles are an ancient tool that have evolved right along side mankind. Beginning as primitive candles with reeds or beeswax, early Egyptian and Roman societies used these to light their homes and perform ceremonies. Then, the candles changed over the centuries as the ingredients were improved and changed. Overtime, they went from a source of light to a method of scenting the home, as we use them today. If you are interested in how candles have changed though time, the History of Candles article has some interesting details of what was used for all kinds of different candles from the past.

Types of Candle Wicks: Give Us a ShoutTypes of Candle Wicks: Give Us a Shout

We hope that you learned something new that you can use in future candle making. If you are interested in learning more, then you can find more detailed information on either our wicking chart or Science of Candle Wicking Class. Also, you can reach out to us at Natures Garden with any other unanswered questions. An easy way to contact us is through social media. We are available on our Facebook page. Also, you can find us on Instagram and Twitter with @ngscents. We can’t wait to hear from you!

Note: We do not accept returns on our wicks, so we advise you to purchase sample packs before committing to a larger sized bag of wicks.

Mar
14

Easy Soy Candle


This entry was posted in candle colorants, candle dye, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, candle scents, candle wax, candle wicks, Fragrance Oils, Natures Garden, Natures Garden Fragrance Oils, soy candles, soy wax and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

first soy candleHello everyone! My name is Cindy and I am the new Marketing Rep for Natures Garden.

Although I am not new to the candle scene; I used to sell paraffin candles for Deborah back in 1997, I am new to the making homemade products world.  After working for Natures Garden a few days, I quickly realized that one of the most important aspects of my position is that I know all of these products in and out.  Since I am a hands on learner, the best way for me to understand these products is to put myself in your shoes and become a candle and soap artisan.  And, today I did just that.

Since I already have some knowledge in the candle market, I decided to start my venture with soy wax.  Now, I want to shout it from the roof tops, “I made my first candle….ever….in my whole life”.  It was super easy too!

Although secretly, I do have to admit I was a little concerned at first.  I actually thought I might burn down the test kitchen, a common fear that I assume many new crafters have.

Realizing it is now or never, I stood up straight and pulled myself together.  You will never learn if you never try, right?  So, I gathered all of my ingredients and supplies, and went to work.  The step by step instruction I used to make my candle came from the How To Make A Pure Soy Wax Candle Recipe.   This recipe as well as hundreds of others are offered in the free recipes and classes section of Natures Gardens website.    I now understand that every recipe created by Natures Garden came from the trial and error process.  A process that is done to put forth the BEST end product.  Natures Gardens creative team makes all the mistakes so you don’t have to (I think I hear a commercial in there).

Anyway, I worked through the easy to follow steps and before I knew it (about 30 minutes later), I was standing before my first candle creation.  A beautiful purple colored, Lavender Sage scented candle.  I could not believe my eyes.  I actually thought to myself….well, that was easy.  Who knew?  I then realized I could have been doing this for years, guaranteeing the candles I burned in my home had the best scent throw and longest burn time.

Now that I know just how easy it is to make candles, the possibilities are endless.  Guess what kind of gifts I’ll be giving this year…lol?  Overall I really enjoyed my experience; that is after I got over the initial fear.  A word of advice for anyone that wants to give candle making a try… I strongly encourage you to do it!  Candle making is easy, fun, and the accomplishment of your creation is inspiring.

Well kids, until my next adventure, have a FABULOUS day!
Cindy

Mar
13

Soy Candle Recipe


This entry was posted in candle colorants, candle dye, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, candle recipe, candle scents, candle supplies, candle wax, candle wicks, candles, Fragrance Oils, Natures Garden and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

how to make a soy candle Soy candles always seem to be the craze.  The soy wax 415 that Natures Garden carries is a 100% all natural vegetable wax.  This also means that this soy wax is biodegradable, and is made from a renewable resource.  When used to make candles; soy wax provides a nice, clean and long burn.

For this recipe, we have figured everything out for you (measurements, temperatures, color, and scent).  We are also presenting it to you in an easy to follow step by step form (with photos).  This recipe will make (1) 16oz apothecary jar candle.

Your finished soy candle will be colored in a light red hue, and scented in with a matching apple orchard fragrance.

We will be double wicking our apothecary jar with (2) CD-10 wicks.  This wicking will provide the candle with a nice hot burn, and allow the scent to travel nicely through the wick; guaranteeing a wonderful hot scent throw.

Besides the ingredients hyper linked above, you will also need some other candle making equipment.  This includes: Thermometer, POURING POT, Warning Labels, Glass Apothecary Jar (16oz), Hot Glue Gun with Gun, Scale, Pot, A cookie sheet, and a Stirring Spoon.

Now, normally prior to making a soy wax candle, you must first check the flashpoint of the scent.  This is important because the flashpoint will indicate the temperature at which you will add the fragrance oil.  However, for this recipe, we have already figured out this information.  Apple Orchard has a flashpoint of 155 degrees Fahrenheit.  What this means is that the temperature at which we will be adding the fragrance oil to the soy wax is 155 degrees Fahrenheit.  Our rule of thumb is:  If a fragrance flash point is below 130F, then add it to wax at 130F.  If the fragrance oil flash point is between 130-185F, then add the fragrance to the wax at its flash point.  If a fragrance oil has a flash point above 185F, then add the fragrance to the wax at 185F.

So now, before we get started making our soy candle; it is important to get all of the supplies and equipment ready that we will be using.  Most of these supplies can be purchased at Natures Garden.  Once you have all of this ready to go; lets get started!

supplies for making a soy candle

Step 1:  Get your pot.  Into the pot, place several inches of tap water.  Next you are going to put the pot on to the stove top and set the heat setting on medium.

prepping for double boiler method

Step 2:  Now get your pouring pot.  Inside the pot, weigh out 440 grams of the 100% soy wax flakes.  Once you have the amount, place the pouring pot into the water pot.  This will be how we melt the soy flakes.  This process is known as the double boiler method.

the double boiler process

Step 3:  Set your oven to 170 degrees Fahrenheit.  Next, place your apothecary jar on your cookie sheet.  Then, place the cookie sheet inside the oven.  Allow the jar to warm for 10-15 minutes, then remove.  Also, plug in your hot glue gun now.

warming your apothecary jar

Step 4:  Now, place your thermometer into the wax.  This is important because you will want to monitor the temperature of the wax while it is melting.  Never let the temperature go higher than 200 degrees Fahrenheit.  This will burn and discolor the wax.  As the wax melts, stir it occasionally.  Also, keeping melting until all the wax is in a liquid state.

melting soy wax

Step 5:  Once the wax is all melted, remove it from heat.  When the temperature reaches 185 degrees Fahrenheit, add the 4 drops of Spectrum Red Candle Dye.  Stir.

coloring soy wax

Step 6:  After the wax has been colored, check your temperature again.  When the temperature reaches 155 degrees Fahrenheit, add your 35 grams of Apple Orchard fragrance oil.  Stir again for a full 2 minutes.  This thorough stir will help the wax, fragrance, and color adhere.  Then, place your thermometer back into the wax.

scenting the soy wax

Step 7:  Next, grab your hot glue gun and place a small amount of glue on the bottom of your wick tabs.  Then, center and secure your candle wicks.

center and secure your wicks

Step 8:  Now, stick your warning label to the bottom of your jar.

applying your warning label

Step 9:  Check the temperature of the wax, you will be looking for it to reach 110 degrees Fahrenheit.  Once it does, give your wax one final stir.

checking for the pour temp
Step 10:  Then, slowly start to pour your candle.  You will want to stop your pour once the wax reaches where the jar changes shape.  Then, straighten your wicks.

pouring your soy candle
Step 11: 
Now, allow your candle to fully set up undisturbed.

allowing your candle to set up

Step 12:  Once the candle has hardened, trim your wicks, and lid your jar.  Allow your candle to cure for 24-48 hours.

Congratulations, you just made a soy candle.  Your 100% Soy Wax Candle is now finished and ready to burn.  Enjoy the sweet apple scent that will fill your home and make your house smell good!

Feb
07

Homemade Zebra Candle


This entry was posted in candle colorants, candle dye, candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making supplies, candle recipe, candle scents, candle supplies, candle wax, candle wicks, creative, Fragrance Oils and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

make your own zebra candleHow to make your very own homemade Zebra Candle!

This easy to make project is even fun to create.  Besides the standard candle making supplies such as: soy wax, wicks, scent, color, and jars; you will also need beeswax.  We will be using the beeswax to make the zebra stripes in the candle.  Because of the pliability of beeswax, it has the capability of being shaped easily into stripes.  Plus, due to the high melt point it has, beeswax can withstand a pour of another wax (soy), as long as the temperature isn’t too extreme.

Although for this project, the scent that was selected was Hot Pink Pomegranate Fragrance Oil, when you make your own zebra candle you can scent it to your pleasing.  The same is true for the candle color.  Since our fragrance oil has the name hot pink in it, the decision was made to make the zebra candle stripes pink on a white (or uncolored) background.

To see the full list of possible candle scents, please click on this link.  There are over 800 different fragrances to choose from!

Here are your total recipe weights to make (2) 16oz. Zebra Candles:
190 grams beeswax
2 drops candle dye (if making the candle like pictured)
About 4 oz.  of candle scent
1100 grams of soy wax (Golden Foods 444 soy wax)

Other items that you will need for this recipe are:
wax paper
pencil
knife
9×13 cake pan
2- 16 oz candle jars
4 wicks (we used 2- cd10 wicks per candle)
scale
2 pots (for double boiler method)
stirring spoon
cutting board
thermometer

Below are the steps to make your very own zebra candle (pictures included):

Step 1:  Using the double boiler method, weigh out and melt 190 grams of beeswax.  You will want to set the temperature of your stove top between medium and low heat while melting.  Stir the beeswax occasionally as it melts.

steps to make a zebra candle

Step 2:   This step is the colorant of your zebra stripes:  Once the beeswax is melted, now you will add 2 drops of your candle colorant, and stir.  Once you are done, place your pouring pot back into the heat source.

color for the zebra candle

Step 3:  To make the zebra stripes, you will need to concentrate your beeswax in a portion of the area in your cake pan.  To do this, lay out your cake pan on a flat surface.  Next, roughly measure out at least 9 inches in length.  Hold this place by setting your knife across the pan.  Finally, lay the wax paper over the cake pan and knife.  Carefully, tuck the corners of the wax paper down.

how to make zebra stripes

Step 4:  Now it is time to scent your beeswax:  Remove your beeswax from the heat source.  Weigh out about 19 grams of your candle fragrance oil.  Then, add the fragrance and stir to incorporate it throughout the wax.

zebra candle scent

Step 5:  Now, take your beeswax and slowly start to pour it over the flat portion of the wax paper.  Allow this to fully set up.  Do not try to rush this step.  Cooling beeswax too quickly, may cause it to crack!

making the zebra candle stripes

Step 6:  Once the beeswax has hardened, and is cool to the touch; gently remove it from the cake pan.  Carefully stand the square on one end and starting in one corner, peel away the wax paper.  Then, place the beeswax on your cutting board.  Finally, cut off any jagged edges using your knife.

zebra candle recipe

Step 7:  For the background of your zebra candle, you will be using soy wax.  In order to have enough wax for 2 candles, weigh out and melt 1100 grams of soy wax.  Melt this wax using the double boiler method.  While the wax is melting, stir occasionally.

soy wax zebra candle

Step 8:  You will create the zebra stripe pattern using the tip of a pencil.  Trace this lightly into the beeswax.  The shape that you will want to draw will be various sized long and irregular lines similar to tree branches.  When you are finished, cut these lines out.

making zebra stripes in beeswax

Step 9:  Once you have a few of your stripes cut out, carefully begin to place them individually against the inside wall of your candle jar.  It is best to start at the bottom of your jar and work in an angular direction.  Apply slight and even pressure until the stripes stick.  Repeat this step until you have the zebra design you are looking for.  Then, do it again for your second candle.

zebra candle pattern

Step 10:  Center and secure your wicks to the bottom of your candle jars.  Then, set aside.

centering your wicks

Step 11:  When your soy wax is in a completely liquid state, remove it from the heat source.  If you are adding color to the background of the zebra candle, do this now.  Then, add 110 grams of fragrance Oil.  Stir again.

Step 12:  Using your thermometer, wait until the soy wax reaches 115 degrees Fahrenheit; this temperature will not melt your zebra stripes.  Pour the soy wax into your candle jars.  Don’t forget to straighten your wicks. Allow the candles to fully set up undisturbed.

pouring a zebra candle

Now it is time to celebrate, your Zebra candles are now ready to use.  Simply trim your wick, light, and enjoy your new awesome candle.

Jan
06

Candle Instructions


This entry was posted in candle fragrance oils, candle making, candle making questions, candle making supplies, candle scents, candle supplies, candle wax, candle wicks, candles, Fragrance Oils, homemade candles, how does a candle burn, make candles, Natures Garden and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on by .

triple layer candleCandle Instructions

Burning candles in your home can be very enjoyable.  Candles are relaxing, soothing, and can fill your home with the most pleasurable aromas.  But, since burning a candle does involve an open flame, you must always burn candles with caution.

Here are some candle instructions to ensure candle safety when burning a candle.

Where to Burn a Candle:

Some things to consider when selecting the right candle holder for your candle are the material it is made of, size, and design.  You want to make sure the candle holder is made of sturdy and heat resistant material that can endure the high heat that some candles may give off.  Size is another factor because you want to ensure that your candle holder is large enough to hold your candle and also to prevent your candle from tipping over anytime that it is lit.

Never place your candle on a surface that cannot withstand heat, these types of surfaces may become damaged if the candle becomes too hot, or the candle holder breaks.

Never move a lit candle.  If you need to move your candle once it has been lit, extinguish the flame and allow the wax to set up before attempting to move it.  If a candle has been burning for an extended period of time, the container will be hot.

Always burn candles where they are out of reach to children and pets.  A flame can be very captivating to a small child.  You also do not want to burn a candle where it can easily be knocked over by an excited dog’s tail, or places where indoor cats frequent.

Never burn a candle by any object that is flammable.  Never burn candles near paperwork; especially on desks.  Draperies can also easily catch fire so avoid window sills and end tables near windows.

Never burn candles where they will be left unattended.  You only want to leave candles lit where an adult is in the room to monitor it.  Also, before going to sleep, extinguish all candles in the house.  You will want to ensure that your wick is completely out and no longer “glowing”.  Never use candles as nightlights.

When burning candles, make sure they are placed somewhere away from drafts.  Be wary of burning a candle in a room that has a ceiling fan going; you want to place the burning candle where it will not be affected by the breeze.

When burning multiple candles in one room, make sure they are at least 3 inches apart.  This is especially true for pillar or votive candles.  Burning candles too close to one another may result in the candles melting one another.  This can also create a draft situation where your candles will flare.

If you are interested in viewing other tips and tricks of candle making, or the homemade candle making process, please click on this link.  Natures Garden also provides free recipes and classes for candle making.

Jan
03

Candle Burning


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candle burn Candle Burning

Regardless of whether you are making candles for personal use, gifts, or to earn extra income; candles are flammable.  You always want to make sure that you have taken all the right measures to ensure the safest candle possible.  Not only is candle safety important to the crafter, but it is also just as important to the person that burns the candle.

Here are some great tips for burning candles, the best way to extinguish a candle, and what to do if your candle wax is on fire.

Candle Burning and Maintenance:

Always before lighting your candle; trim the wick!  You never want your wick to be longer than ¼ inch.  Also, when lighting your candle, do not throw the wick trimming into the candle.  You want to keep your candle free of any and all debris such as:  dust, wick trimmings, matches, ect.  You want your candle pool to be scented wax only.

Keep your wick straight.  Once your wick has been trimmed, you will want to pull it straight.  If your wick is bent, your wick will burn hotter than regular.  This will result in a quicker burn time of your candle.

When it is time to extinguish your candle, always use a snuffer.  A candle snuffer is the easiest and safest way to put out a flame.  Using a snuffer will prevent hot wax splatter.  Candle wax is hot, you never want to touch it, or get wax splatter on you or surfaces in your home.

Never put a candle flame out with water.  Water can cause the hot wax in your candles to splatter.  There is also a chance that the glass container of your candle may also break.

If after lighting your candle, you notice the wick flickering, smoking, or the flame of your candle becomes too large; the candle is not functioning properly.  Extinguish the flame, let the candle cool, trim your wick to ¼ inch, check the rooms for drafts, and then re-light.

After a candle has been burned to the point where there is only 1/2 inch of wax left in the bottom of the container, stop burning.  The candle is now finished.  Never burn a candle all the way down.

For Candle Making Purposes: 

For your candle making area, it is wise to purchase a dry chemical fire extinguisher in case of any fires.  If you do have a wax fire, the dry chemical extinguisher or baking soda should be used to suffocate the flames.  Never use water to put out a wax fire.

Dec
15

Candle Smoking?


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candle smokingWhy is My Candle Smoking?

Whenever something is being burned, there will be some amount of smoke.  Naturally, when you limit the amount of oxygen, you will see more smoke than when ample oxygen is supplied.  However, you can prevent your homemade candles from excessively smoking by making your candles the right way in the first place.  There are a few reasons as to why a candle may smoke once lit.  The first check point to examine is whether or not the correct amount of fragrance oil was used in the process.  Using more than the recommended amount of fragrance oil per pound of wax may sound like it is a good idea to have extreme scent, but in the end it is only wasteful (and costly), and can cause your candles to smoke.  Wax has a fragrance load limit.  Since it is a porous object, once each and every pore has been filled, there is no more area for the fragrance to go.

The second reason your candle may be smoking is the wick.  Using the proper wick for the diameter size of the candle is the best way to ensure a clean and even burn in the candle.  Go here to read a very interesting blog post on the science of candle wicks.  A smoking wick will occur if the wick of the candle is too large for the container.  To view a wick suggestion chart for your sized candle container click here  for Natures Garden’s wick recommendations.  Avoid allowing the debris from wick clippings from entering into your melted wax, and keep your wicks trimmed to 1/4″.

Finally, your colorant may cause your candle to smoke.  It is important to know that pigments can clog your wick and can cause increased smoking when burning your candle.  That is why only candle dyes should be used to color the interior wax of candles.  Never use crayons to color your candles as they contain pigments instead of dyes.  When using candle dyes, understand that using alot of candle dye may also cause your candles to smoke more.

How to Solve It!

When it comes to fragrance oil percentage, never use more than the suggested amount of fragrance oil per pound of wax.  Remember, using more may result in a candle with a fragrance oil slick that is a fire hazard.

Do your research first.  In order to know which wick to use in candle making, you must first know your candle’s diameter.  You can figure this out by measuring the bottom of your candle container with a ruler.  You will want to measure horizontally across the center.  Once you have this information, simply look at the wick suggestion chart and select which kind of wick you need.  Keep wick trimmings out of your melted wax, and keep wicks trimmed to 1/4″.  Also, avoid burning your candles where there are fans or drafts.  This can cause your wick to move around and burn too quickly; potentially smoking more.

In candle making temperature is very important.  Many waxes offer a range in temperature for their key steps (melting temperature, scenting temperature, pouring temperature).   It is a very good idea to monitor these temperatures with the help of a testing notebook and thermometer.  Within a few times of making candles, you can have your temperatures down to a specific degree.  With well taken notes, it is possible to have your candle making process replicated exactly time and time again.

Lastly, you always want to avoid using pigments in the interior of your candle.  Only candle dyes should be used to color the interior of your candle wax.